Aguascalientes

state

2020: 1,425,607, Population

2021-S1: 0.81, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$1.11B, International sales

  2020: US$3.99B, International purchases

2021-Q1: 618,289, Economically Active Population

  2021-Q1: 3.62 %, Unemployment rate

 2021-Q1: 38.7 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $59.3k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Mar 2021: US$112M, Foreign direct investment

About Aguascalientes

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In 2015, the population in Aguascalientes was 1,425,607 inhabitants (48.9% men and 51.1% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Aguascalientes increased by 20.3%.

International sales of Aguascalientes in 2020 were US$1.11B, -26.4% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases (US$233M), Mens or Boys Suits, Ensembles, Jackets, Blazers and Trousers (US$98.6M), and Electrical Apparatus for Switching or Protecting Electrical Circuits (US$84.5M).

International purchases of Aguascalientes in 2020 were US$3.99B, -22% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$724M), Piston Engines, Rotary Engines or Reciprocating Engines (US$275M), and Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases (US$232M).

In the first quarter of 2021, the economically active population of Aguascalientes was 618k people. The workforce reached 596k people (39.4% women and 60.6% men) with an average monthly salary of $5.1k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (35.6k), Traders in Stores (24.7k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (19.8k). Aguascalientes registered 22.4k unemployed (unemployment rate of 3.62%).

In 2015, 29% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.97% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 27.9%, while the vulnerable population by income was 10.4%.

In 2020, 0.62% of the population in Aguascalientes had no access to sewage systems, 0.55% did not have a water supply network, 0.62% did not have a bathroom and 0.31% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Aguascalientes.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Aguascalientes. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Aguascalientes.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Aguascalientes to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 5 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Then, there are the credits of the Bienestar modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

In recent months, the Empresas Cumplidas credit was created for individuals or legal entities that have fulfilled their tax obligations during 2020 and have maintained at least the average of their workforce in the IMSS during the months of August to October 2020.

Finally, the Mujeres Solidarias credit for individuals who are women, over 18 years of age and who are incorporated into one of the active RIF or RAE tax regimes. In addition, they must not be registered in the UDP bureau, nor have they received financial support from the program in fiscal year 2020.

Credits Collected by Modality

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16,731, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Aguascalientes, until June 30, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of June 30, 2021, in Aguascalientes according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 5 types of available credits.

In Aguascalientes, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Aguascalientes (2,442) and Jesús María (187). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Aguascalientes (330) and Jesús María (30). In the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Aguascalientes (12,121) and Jesús María (926).

Regarding the Empresas Cumplidas modality, the municipalities of Aguascalientes (180) and Jesús María (21) stand out, while in the Mujeres Solidarias modality, Aguascalientes (160) and Jesús María (10) stand out.

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases: US$233M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$856M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases (US$233M), Mens or Boys Suits, Ensembles, Jackets, Blazers and Trousers (US$98.6M), and Electrical Apparatus for Switching or Protecting Electrical Circuits (US$84.5M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$856M), Japan (US$61.8M), and China (US$47.7M).

International Purchases

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Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$724M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$1.14B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$724M), Piston Engines, Rotary Engines or Reciprocating Engines (US$275M), and Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases (US$232M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$1.14B), Japan (US$873M), and Germany (US$773M).

Net International Trade

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February, 2021: US$373M, International purchases

 February, 2021: US$443M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In february 2021, international sales of Aguascalientes were US$443M and a total of US$373M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Aguascalientes it was of US$70M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in february 2021 was Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases (US$22.9M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$94.5M), China (US$4.01M), and Japan (US$2.31M).

The main international purchase in february 2021 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$57.7M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$99.2M), Japan (US$66.7M), and China (US$42.8M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Aguascalientes, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Aguascalientes (US$6.32B), San Francisco de los Romo (US$789M), Jesús María (US$52M), Asientos (US$47.4M), and Calvillo (US$15.5M).

In Aguascalientes, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Aguascalientes (US$3.09B), San Francisco de los Romo (US$1.28B), Jesús María (US$102M), El Llano (US$2.57M), and Calvillo (US$1.61M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$112M, FDI Jan-Mar 2021
  • US$10.7B, FDI Jan-1999 to Mar-2021

In the period January to March 2021, FDI in Aguascalientes reached the US$112M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$69.4M), equity capital (US$63.2M), and inter-company debts (-US$20.2M).

From January 1999 and March 2021, Aguascalientes accumulates a total of US$619B in FDI, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$4.77B), equity capital (US$4.33B), and inter-company debts (US$1.59B).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Mar 2021: United States, US$63.4M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Mar-2021: Japan, US$6.26B

From January to March de 2021, the main origin countries of FDI in Aguascalientes were United States (US$63.4M), Japan (US$17.4M), and Spain (US$10.6M).

Between January 1999 and March 2021, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are Japan (US$6.26B), United States (US$2.58B), and Germany (US$553M).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 57.8%, 2021-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 3.62%, 2021-Q1

Salaries and Workforce

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61.3% Formal - 38.7% Informal: 596k, Workforce 2021-Q1

$5.82k MX Formal - $3.96k MX Informal: $5.1k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q1

The population employed in Aguascalientes in the first quarter of 2021 was 596k people, being  6.32% higher than the previous quarter (560k employed) and 2.08% higher than the same period of the previous year (584k employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2021 it was of $5.1k MX being $413 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.69k MX) and $658 MX  higher than the same period of the previous year ($4.44k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 39.4 %, Employed women 2021-Q1
  • 60.6 %, Employed men 2021-Q1

In first quarter of 2021, Aguascalientes had 595,892 employed, 2.08% more than the same period of the previous year (583,762).

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2021 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (35.6k), Traders in Stores (24.7k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (19.8k)

Participation Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Aguascalientes. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 53.2%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Unemployment Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Aguascalientes. Along these lines, in June 2020 the unemployment rate was 4.14%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Labor Informality Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Aguascalientes. Along these lines, in June 2020 the rate of labor informality reached 49.3%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico as of May 2021. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

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Aguascalientes 2020: 728,924, Female Population

 Aguascalientes 2020: 696,683, Male Population

The total population of Aguascalientes in 2020 was 1,425,607 inhabitants, with 51.1% woman, and 48.9% men.

The municipalities of Aguascalientes with the highest population were Aguascalientes (948,990 inhabitants), Jesús María (129,929 inhabitants), and San Francisco de los Romo (61,997 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 15 to 19 years (131,967 inhabitants), 5 to 9 years (131,048 inhabitants), and 10 to 14 years (129,717 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 27.5% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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2.79k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Aguascalientes.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 2.79k inhabitants, which corresponds to 0.2% of the total population of Aguascalientes.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (1,034 inhabitants), Mazahua (409 inhabitants), and Totonaco (155 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Aguascalientes in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Aguascalientes in the last 5 years came from United States (5.08k people), Japan (1.5k people), and Venezuela (898 people).

The main causes of migration to Aguascalientes in recent years were family (4.29k people), labor (1.27k people), and economical (1.14k people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

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People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 60.6k, Migrants to Aguascalientes

Main state of origin of migrants: 19.7%, Zacatecas

The charts shows the internal immigration to Aguascalientes in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Aguascalientes come from Zacatecas (11.9k people, 19.7% of all migrants), Jalisco (10.5k people, 17.3% of all migrants), and Estado de México (6.28k people, 10.4% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $59.3k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $173k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Aguascalientes comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Aguascalientes, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $12.9k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $186k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 30.9%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 69.1%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 386k dwellings were registered. Of these, 30.9% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 69.1% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.6% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 40 a 44 años.

San Francisco de los Romo: 0.366, Municipality with less inequality

San José de Gracia: 0.418, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2015, in Aguascalientes, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: San Francisco de los Romo (0.366), Cosío (0.370), Asientos (0.370), El Llano (0.370), and Tepezalá (0.371). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: San José de Gracia (0.418), Jesús María (0.402), Rincón de Romos (0.396), Aguascalientes (0.392), and Pabellón de Arteaga (0.389).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 1.97%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 29%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 29% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (5.37% lower than to 2010) and 1.97% in extreme poverty (1.79% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 27.9% (1.69% higher than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 10.4% (2.32% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Aguascalientes in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and educational backwardness.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 0.55%, (2020)

Population without Electricity: 0.31%, (2020)

Population without Bathroom: 0.62%, (2020)

Population without Sewerage: 0.62%, (2020)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2020.

In 2020, 0.62% of the population in Aguascalientes did not have access to sewage systems (8.79k people), 0.55% did not have a water supply network (7.89k people) , 0.62% did not have a bathroom (8.87k people) and 0.31% did not have electricity (4.47k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 30.5%, Housing with 4 rooms (2020)
  • 41.3%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 4 and 3 rooms, 30.5% and 26.4%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 41.3% and 30.6%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

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2020: 27.9, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 15.3, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Aguascalientes, the average travel time from home to work was 27.9 minutes, 86.7% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 4.24% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 15.3 minutes, 97% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 1.18% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Aguascalientes according to travel times.

In 2020, 43.1% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 77.6% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Aguascalientes according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Aguascalientes were Middle School (306k people or 30.4% of the total), Bachelor's Degree (211k people or 20.9% of the total), and High School or General Baccalaureate (196k people or 19.5% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Aguascalientes 2020: 2.11%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Aguascalientes in 2020 was 2.11%. Of the total illiterate population, 46.3% corresponded to men and 53.7% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Aguascalientes. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance Aguascalientes: 95%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Aguascalientes: 59.5%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 59.5% of the population of Aguascalientes between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 95% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 45.6% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 8.36k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 9.39k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (9,393), Business Administration (5,588), and social sciences and law (2,654). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (8,356), social sciences and law (4,022), and Engineering, manufacturing and construction (3,719).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Aguascalientes, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Autónoma De Aguascalientes (15.4k), Instituto Tecnológico De Aguascalientes (6.73k), and Universidad Tecnológica De Aguascalientes (4.32k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Aguascalientes were Law degree (3.36k), Industrial engineering (3k), and Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration (2.57k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 62,180, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 2,843, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Aguascalientes had 7.55k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 15.1k students enrolled at intermediate level and 39.5k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Aguascalientes had 135 students who completed the initial literacy course, 559 intermediate literate students and 2.15k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Aguascalientes, the first quarter of 2021 INEA had 579 advisers and 114 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 18 zone coordination, 154 community squares, 2.13k study areas and 90 meeting areas.

Comparing the first quarter of 2020 and 2021, the number of advisers decreased -7.66% (627 in 2020) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 0.88% (113 in 2020). The area coordinates more than 20% (15 in 2020), community squares less than -1.28% (156 in 2020), the study areas less than -2.43% (2.19k in 2020) and meeting areas more than 8.43% (83 in 2020).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 20.4 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 46.2 %, Population served by Social Security

In Aguascalientes, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (648k), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (286k), and Pharmacy Office (220k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (793k) and Pemex, Defense or Marine (284k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Aguascalientes were physical disability (34.5k people), visual disability (29.9k people), and hearing disability (13k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Aguascalientes. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 29,888 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 56.5% women and 43.5% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 50 to 54 years concentrated the 5% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 50 to 54 years concentrated the 3.63% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 48.4 %, Men
  • 38.9 %, Women

In 2020, 48.4% of men over 18 years old in Aguascalientes perceived security in their state, while 38.9% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the upper middle socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (56.1%), while women perceived greater security in the upper socioeconomic stratum (46.7%).

Trust in Authorities

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In 2020, 13.4% of the population of Aguascalientes claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 12.9% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 45.3% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 61% in the Judges and a 19.5% in the Federal Police, while a 5.42%, a 1.91% and a 12.3% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Aguascalientes claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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April 2021

  • 2,979, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during April 2021 were Stole (808), Injury (421), and Damage to Property (382), which covered a 54.1% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in April 2020 and April 2021, those with the highest growth were Falsehood (700%), Other Crimes against Life and Bodily Integrity (500%), and Fraud (302%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Aguascalientes were Retail Trade (21,197 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (8,173 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (7,929 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($17B MX companies), Retail Trade ($9.06B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($8.28B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($23.9B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($5.72B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($5.25B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 17.7%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 57.6%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer (53.8%), Health and Social Assistance Services (52.1%), and Manufacturing Industries (31.1%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Corporate (100%), Financial and Insurance Services (82.9%), and Services Professionals, Scientists and Technicals (74.1%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 56.2% of the large economic in Aguascalientes separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (88.8%), plastic (75.1%), and metal (45.3%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Aguascalientes are another problems (25.6%), public insecurity (14.9%), high expenses in service payments (13.8%), and low demand for goods or services (10.2%).