Baja California

state

2020: 3,769,020, Population

 2020: US$51.1B, International sales

  2020: US$46.4B, International purchases

 2021-Q4: 1,827,448, Economically Active Population

  2021-Q4: 2.04 %, Unemployment rate

2021-Q4: 39.9 %, Labor informality rate

  2020  : $67.8k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2021: US$2.21B, Foreign direct investment

About Baja California

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In 2020, the population in Baja California was 3,769,020 inhabitants (50.4% men and 49.6% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Baja California increased by 19.5%.

International sales of Baja California in 2020 were US$51.1B, 18.8% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$10.6B), Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$4.14B), and Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$3.24B).

International purchases of Baja California in 2020 were US$46.4B, 27.2% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings (US$5.64B), Machinery Parts (US$2.68B), and Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$2.38B).

In the fourth quarter of 2021, the economically active population of Baja California was 1.83M people. The workforce reached 1.79M people (39.3% women and 60.7% men) with an average monthly salary of $5.5k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Traders in Stores (106k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (78.7k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (62.8k). Baja California registered 37.3k unemployed (unemployment rate of 2.04%).

In 2020, 3.47% of the population in Baja California had no access to sewage systems, 2.08% did not have a water supply network, 0.66% did not have a bathroom and 0.78% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Baja California.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Baja California. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Baja California.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Baja California to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Cost of Treatments by Hospital Level

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The line graph shows the evolution of total average cost of COVID-19 treatment by hospital level. The table provides details of the total cost and days of treatment by patient. You can select a date on the line chart to filter the data in the table.

In July 2021, the total average cost according to hospital level was: low ($392k MX) and medium ($1.26M MX).

Supplies Cost in Private Hospitals

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The graph shows the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19. These include treatments, devices, services and drugs. This cost is regardless of the presentation and dose of the drug. Also, hospitals vary in the way they report supplies, and only the supplies of interest for this first scope are approved. It is important to highlight that the medicines correspond to the cut-off period of the database from March 2020 to July 2021, and that the use of drugs has changed over time to greater knowledge of the treatment of Covid-19.

In July 2021, the medical supplies of interest with the highest average unit cost were ceftriaxona ($2k MX), enoxaparina ($1.09k MX), and dropropizina ($398 MX).

Evolution of Supplies Costs in Private Hospitals

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DROPROPIZINA
CEFTRIAXONA
ENOXAPARINA

The graph shows the evolution of the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19 in private hospitals. The data shows total costs per input regardless of the presentation, and dose of the drug.

You can add or remove medical supplies from the graph or analyze the number of supplies used by changing the options in the upper selectors.

Loans Granted in Support of the Economic Crisis COVID-19

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Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 5 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Then, there are the credits of the Bienestar modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

In recent months, the Empresas Cumplidas credit was created for individuals or legal entities that have fulfilled their tax obligations during 2020 and have maintained at least the average of their workforce in the IMSS during the months of August to October 2020.

Finally, the Mujeres Solidarias credit for individuals who are women, over 18 years of age and who are incorporated into one of the active RIF or RAE tax regimes. In addition, they must not be registered in the UDP bureau, nor have they received financial support from the program in fiscal year 2020.

Credits Collected by Modality

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40,563, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Baja California, until June 30, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of June 30, 2021, in Baja California according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 5 types of available credits.

In Baja California, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Tijuana (2,844) and Mexicali (2,325). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Tijuana (144) and Mexicali (67). In the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Tijuana (18,775) and Mexicali (12,871).

Regarding the Empresas Cumplidas modality, the municipalities of Ensenada (9) and Tijuana (5) stand out, while in the Mujeres Solidarias modality, Ensenada (89) and Mexicali (88) stand out.

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

Net International Trade

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December, 2021

  • US$4.31B, International purchases
  • US$4.92B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2021, international sales of Baja California were US$4.92B and a total of US$4.31B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Baja California it was of US$615M.

International Sales

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Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus: US$10.6B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$46.5B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$10.6B), Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$4.14B), and Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$3.24B).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$46.5B), Canada (US$724M), and Colombia (US$404M).

International Purchases

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Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings: US$5.64B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$18.7B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings (US$5.64B), Machinery Parts (US$2.68B), and Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$2.38B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$18.7B), China (US$14.3B), and South Korea (US$2.52B).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2021 was Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$954M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$4.07B), Canada (US$92.1M), and El Salvador (US$31.5M).

The main international purchase in december 2021 was Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings (US$447M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$1.66B), China (US$1.39B), and Taiwan (US$206M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Baja California, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Tijuana (US$33.6B), Mexicali (US$11.7B), Ensenada (US$2.35B), Playas de Rosarito (US$1.89B), and Tecate (US$1.34B).

In Baja California, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Tijuana (US$31.2B), Mexicali (US$10.6B), Playas de Rosarito (US$2.06B), Ensenada (US$1.43B), and Tecate (US$1.14B).

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$2.21B, FDI Jan-Dec 2021
  • US$30.7B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2021

In the period January to December 2021, FDI in Baja California reached the US$2.21B, distributed in equity capital (US$1.17B), inter-company debts (US$615M), and reinvestment of earnings (US$430M).

From January 1999 and December 2021, Baja California accumulates a total of US$639B in FDI, distributed in inter-company debts (US$14.9B), equity capital (US$10.4B), and reinvestment of earnings (US$5.37B).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2021: United States, US$1.82B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2021: United States, US$20.9B

From January to December de 2021, the main origin countries of FDI in Baja California were United States (US$1.82B), South Korea (US$172M), and Spain (US$141M).

Between January 1999 and December 2021, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$20.9B), Japan (US$2.64B), and South Korea (US$2B).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The map shows the distribution of remittance income in the municipalities of Baja California. The lineplot shows the quarterly evolution of remittance income.

In the fourth quarter of 2021, the municipalities of Baja California with the highest income from remittances were list Tijuana (US$187M), Mexicali (US$79.5M), and Ensenada (US$71.1M).

Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

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The visualization compares the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the income from remittances.

During 2021, a total amount of remittances of US$1.4B is accumulated, while the FDI accumulated in the year reaches US$2.21B.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Baja California were Retail Trade (39,800 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (19,300 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (13,159 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($103B MX companies), Retail Trade ($19.3B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($15.7B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($125B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($13.9B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($13.7B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 22.5%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 44.3%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer (70%), Health and Social Assistance Services (43.2%), and Manufacturing Industries (32.2%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Corporate (100%), Real Estate and Rental Services of Furniture and Intangible Assets (74.6%), and Financial and Insurance Services (74.2%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 56.8% of the large economic in Baja California separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (86.3%), plastic (70.8%), and metal (46.9%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Baja California are public insecurity (29.9%), another problems (17.8%), high expenses in service payments (10%), and high costs of raw materials (7.09%).

Industrial Parks

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In Mexico there are industrial zones and areas, where the industrial parks are located. An industrial park is a delimited, urbanized land, with all the services, permits and infrastructure for the optimal operation of manufacturing and logistics companies, it offers infrastructure and equipment for the industry, in addition to basic services such as water, electricity and telecommunications, among others.

It operates under internal regulations and has an administration that coordinates security. For an industrial park to be considered as such, it must comply with the Mexican Standard (NMX-R-046-SCFI-2015). This Standard establishes the basic requirements that a real estate development for industrial use must meet.

Industrial Parks

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In 2020, Baja California registers 60 industrial parks, 23 micro parks and 8 industrial parks under construction.

Of the industrial parks of Baja California it can be mentioned El Florido Industrial Park (46 companies, located in the municipality of Tijuana), Las Californias Industrial Park (24 companies, located in the municipality of Mexicali), and PIMSA I (17 companies, located in the municipality of Mexicali).

Population and Housing

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Baja California 2020: 1,868,431, Female Population

 Baja California 2020: 1,900,589, Male Population

The total population of Baja California in 2020 was 3,769,020 inhabitants, with 49.6% woman, and 50.4% men.

The municipalities of Baja California with the highest population were Tijuana (1,922,523 inhabitants), Mexicali (1,049,792 inhabitants), and Ensenada (443,807 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 20 to 24 years (340,359 inhabitants), 25 to 29 years (328,244 inhabitants), and 15 to 19 years (315,639 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 26.1% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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59.6k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Baja California.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 59.6k inhabitants, which corresponds to 1.58% of the total population of Baja California.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Mixteco (21,543 inhabitants), Zapoteco (9,269 inhabitants), and Náhuatl (5,435 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Baja California in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Baja California in the last 5 years came from United States (41.2k people), Venezuela (4.57k people), and Haiti (3.21k people).

The main causes of migration to Baja California in recent years were family (19.9k people), labor (10.8k people), and living place (8.13k people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

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People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 249k, Migrants to Baja California

Main state of origin of migrants: 15.2%, Sinaloa

The charts shows the internal immigration to Baja California in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Baja California come from Sinaloa (38k people, 15.2% of all migrants), Chiapas (33.6k people, 13.5% of all migrants), and Guerrero (26.1k people, 10.4% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 61%, 2021-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 2.04%, 2021-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2021, the labor participation rate in Baja California was 61%, which implied an increase of 0.28 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (60.7%).

The unemployment rate was 2.04 % (37.3k people), which implied a decrease of 0.84 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.88%).

Salaries and Workforce

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60.1% Formal - 39.9% Informal: 1.79M, Workforce 2021-Q4

$6.32k MX Formal - $4.28k MX Informal: $5.5k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q4

The population employed in Baja California in the fourth quarter of 2021 was 1.79M people, being  1.63% higher than the previous quarter (1.76M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2021 it was of $5.5k MX being $551 MX lower than the previous quarter ($6.06k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 39.3 %, Employed women 2021-Q4
  • 60.7 %, Employed men 2021-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2021, Baja California had 1,790,104 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2021 were Traders in Stores (106k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (78.7k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (62.8k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 29.7%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 46.3%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 29.7% and 24.3%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 46.3% and 30.3%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

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2020: 32.3, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 19, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Baja California, the average travel time from home to work was 32.3 minutes, 83.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 7.66% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 19 minutes, 95.8% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 3.22% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Baja California according to travel times.

In 2020, 39.2% of the population used to walk as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 65.5% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Baja California according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Baja California were Middle School (846k people or 30.7% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (712k people or 25.9% of the total), and Primary School (506k people or 18.4% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Baja California 2020: 1.82%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Baja California in 2020 was 1.82%. Of the total illiterate population, 45.8% corresponded to men and 54.2% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Baja California. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance Baja California: 91.6%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Baja California: 46.6%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 46.6% of the population of Baja California between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 91.6% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 44% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 17.9k, social sciences and law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 22.5k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (22,513), Business Administration (13,306), and social sciences and law (11,811). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were social sciences and law (17,893), Business Administration (17,221), and Health Sciences (11,611).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Baja California, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Autónoma De Baja California (65.5k), Instituto Tecnológico De Tijuana (11.7k), and Centro De Estudios Universitarios Xochicalco (6.45k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Baja California were Law degree (13.6k), Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration (7.59k), and Degree in psychology (6.63k).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 13.8 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 44.6 %, Population served by Social Security

In Baja California, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (1.62M), Another place (622k), and Pharmacy Office (579k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (1.97M) and Not Specified (772k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Baja California were physical disability (69.7k people), visual disability (66.7k people), and motor disability (30.2k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Baja California. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 66,704 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 54.7% women and 45.3% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 4.89% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 4.14% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $67.8k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $203k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Baja California comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Baja California, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $14.7k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $218k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

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Total current quarterly household income: $78.1B MX, Baja California 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $42.7B MX, Baja California 2020

In Baja California, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $78.1B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (69%) and transfers (14%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $42.7B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (32.3%), transport (22.4%), and housing (15.4%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

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Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 71.3%. The expense that decreased the most was clothing, in a -39.5%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was transfers, in a 42.1%. The income that decreased the most was others current income, in a -59.2%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 33%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 67%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 1.15M dwellings were registered. Of these, 33% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 67% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12.5% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 45 a 49 años.

Tijuana: 0.322, Municipality with less inequality

Ensenada: 0.349, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Baja California, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Tijuana (0.322), Tecate (0.330), Mexicali (0.334), San Quintín (0.346), and Playas de Rosarito (0.346). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Ensenada (0.349), Playas de Rosarito (0.346), San Quintín (0.346), Mexicali (0.334), and Tecate (0.330).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 1.72%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 21.4%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 21.4% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.72% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 38.8%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 6.38%.

The main social deficiencies of Baja California in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and educational backwardness.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 2.08%, (2020)

Population without Electricity: 0.78%, (2020)

Population without Bathroom: 0.66%, (2020)

Population without Sewerage: 3.47%, (2020)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2020.

In 2020, 3.47% of the population in Baja California did not have access to sewage systems (131k people), 2.08% did not have a water supply network (78.5k people) , 0.66% did not have a bathroom (24.8k people) and 0.78% did not have electricity (29.5k people).

Public Spending

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Basic Concepts

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The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

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The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2020: $60.1B MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2020: $2.78B MX, Government

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2020, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $60.1B MX (corresponding to 55.7% of the total budget), others not classified in previous functions with $28.5B MX (corresponding to 26.5% of the total budget), economic development with $16.4B MX (corresponding to 15.2% of the total budget), and government with $2.78B MX (corresponding to 2.58% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2020: $51.2B MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2020: $1.49M MX, Current expenditure (subsidies)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2020 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $51.2B MX (corresponding to 47.5% of the total budget), participations with $28.5B MX (corresponding to 26.4% of the total budget), and pensions and retirements with $23.5B MX (corresponding to 21.8% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

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The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2020 according to the administrative classification were Participations to States and Municipalities with $28.5B MX (corresponding to 26.5% of the total budget), Mexican Social Security Institute with $28.3B MX (corresponding to 26.3% of the total budget), and Federal Contributions for States and Municipalities with $19.6B MX (corresponding to 18.2% of the total budget).

Derechohabientes

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Infonavit Credits

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The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Baja California, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In November 2021, 1,873 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $587M MX.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 34.5 %, Men
  • 24.6 %, Women

In 2021, 34.5% of men over 18 years old in Baja California perceived security in their state, while 24.6% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 39.9% in the case of men and 28.4% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2021, 5.63% of the population of Baja California claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 22.9% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 9.51% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 11.7% in the Judges and a 8.8% in the Federal Police, while a 13.5%, a 15% and a 16.4% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Baja California claimed to feel more confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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January 2022: 7,533, Total complaints

 January 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during January 2022 were Stole (2.69k), Domestic Violence (844), and Narcomenudeo (731), which covered a 56.6% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in January 2021 and January 2022, those with the highest growth were Abortion (300%), Trafficking (100%), and Other Crimes against Society (75%).