Baja California

state

2015: 3,315,766, Population

2020-S1: 1.28, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$35.4B, International sales

2020: US$33.6B, International purchases

2020-Q4: 1,705,014, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 2.9 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 37.8 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $59.2k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: US$1.1B, Foreign direct investment

About Baja California

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In 2015, the population in Baja California was 3,315,766 inhabitants (49.8% men and 50.2% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Baja California increased by 5.09%.

International sales of Baja California in 2020 were US$35.4B, -6.67% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$9.33B), Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$3.67B), and Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$2.84B).

International purchases of Baja California in 2020 were US$33.6B, -7.36% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings (US$3.37B), Machinery Parts (US$2.25B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.95B).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of Baja California was 1.71M people. The workforce reached 1.66M people (39% women and 61% men) with an average monthly salary of $5.16k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Traders in Stores (78k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (74.7k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (57.6k). Baja California registered 49.5k unemployed (unemployment rate of 2.9%).

In 2015, 27.1% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 2.1% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 33.8%, while the vulnerable population by income was 7.9%.

In 2015, 3.13% of the population in Baja California had no access to sewage systems, 2.75% did not have a water supply network, 1.22% did not have a bathroom and 0.67% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Baja California.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Baja California. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Baja California.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Baja California to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

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72,936, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Baja California, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Baja California according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Baja California, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Tijuana (2,826), Mexicali (2,299), and Ensenada (1,297). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Tijuana (144), Mexicali (67), and Ensenada (35). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Tijuana (18,574), Mexicali (12,793), and Tecate (1,185).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus: US$9.33B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$32.7B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$9.33B), Motor Vehicles for the Transport of Goods (US$3.67B), and Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$2.84B).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$32.7B), Canada (US$592M), and Colombia (US$380M).

International Purchases

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Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings: US$3.37B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$14.4B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings (US$3.37B), Machinery Parts (US$2.25B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.95B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$14.4B), China (US$9.28B), and South Korea (US$2.05B).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020: US$3.23B, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$3.97B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Baja California were US$3.97B and a total of US$3.23B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Baja California it was of US$742M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$771M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$3.14B), Canada (US$76.7M), and China (US$28.5M).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Liquid Crystal Devices not Constituting Articles Provided in other Headings (US$282M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$1.24B), China (US$922M), and South Korea (US$154M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Baja California, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Tijuana (US$27.7B), Mexicali (US$10.1B), Ensenada (US$1.83B), Playas de Rosarito (US$1.31B), and Tecate (US$1.04B).

In Baja California, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Tijuana (US$21.7B), Mexicali (US$9.26B), Playas de Rosarito (US$1.43B), Ensenada (US$1.01B), and Tecate (US$734M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$1.1B, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$28.3B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Baja California reached the US$1.1k, distributed in inter-company debts (US$588M), reinvestment of earnings (US$393M), and equity capital (US$124M).

From January 1999 and December 2020, Baja California accumulates a total of US$28.3B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in inter-company debts (US$14.3B), equity capital (US$9.06B), and reinvestment of earnings (US$4.93B).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$837M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: United States, US$19.1B

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Baja California were United States (US$837M), Spain (US$141M), and South Korea (US$110M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are United States (US$19.1B), Japan (US$2.59B), and South Korea (US$1.83B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 59.4%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 2.9%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Baja California was 59.4%, which implied an increase of 2.27 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (57.1%) and a decrease of 3.59 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (63%).

The unemployment rate was 2.9 % (49.5k people), which implied an increase of 0.15 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.75%) and an increase of 0.69 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (2.22%).

Salaries and Workforce

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62.2% Formal - 37.8% Informal: 1.66M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$5.91k MX Formal - $3.93k MX Informal: $5.16k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in Baja California in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 1.66M people, being  2.89% higher than the previous quarter (1.61M employed) and 4.16% lower than the same period of the previous year (1.73M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $5.16k MX being $5.98 MX lower than the previous quarter ($5.17k MX) and $135 MX  lower than the same period of the previous year ($5.3k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 39 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 61 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, Baja California had 1,655,503 employed, 4.16% less than the same period of the previous year (1,727,418).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Traders in Stores (78k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (74.7k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (57.6k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Baja California. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 49.9%, the unemployment rate was 4.43% and the rate of labor informality reached 40.8%.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $59.2k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $156k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Baja California comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Baja California, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $14.3k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $170k MX in the same period.

Mexicali: 0.39, Municipality with less inequality

Playas de Rosarito: 0.41, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Baja California, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Mexicali (0.39), Tijuana (0.39), Tecate (0.39), Ensenada (0.4), and Playas de Rosarito (0.41). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Playas de Rosarito (0.41), Ensenada (0.4), Tecate (0.39), Tijuana (0.39), and Mexicali (0.39).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 2.1%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 27.1%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 27.1% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (1.04% lower than to 2010) and 2.1% in extreme poverty (1.27% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 33.8% (4.13% lower than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 7.9% (1.55% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Baja California in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 2.75%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 0.67%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 1.22%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 3.13%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 3.13% of the population in Baja California did not have access to sewage systems (104k people), 2.75% did not have a water supply network (91.2k people) , 1.22% did not have a bathroom (40.6k people) and 0.67% did not have electricity (22.3k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 27.9%, Housing with 3 rooms (2015)
  • 43.9%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 3 and 4 rooms, 27.9% and 25.1%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 43.9% and 30.1%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 49% of all Baja California housings had internet access (474,381 housings), 96.1% owned at least one television (930,305 housings), 46.6% claimed to have a computer (451,110 housings) and 90.6% purchased at least one mobile phone (876,522 housings).

Of all Baja California housing, 37.4% had the 4 connectivity elements (361,633 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 29, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 6.59%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Baja California, the average travel time from home to work was 29 minutes, 87.1% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 6.59% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Baja California in 2015 according to travel times.

48.2% of the population uses a own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation, while 10.6% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) and bus, taxi, or similar.

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle), while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle).

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 35.8k, social sciences and law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 45k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (45,026), Business Administration (26,612), and social sciences and law (23,622). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were social sciences and law (35,786), Business Administration (34,442), and Health Sciences (23,222).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Baja California, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Autónoma De Baja California (131k), Instituto Tecnológico De Tijuana (23.4k), and Centro De Estudios Universitarios Xochicalco (12.9k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Baja California were Law degree (27.2k), Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration (15.2k), and Degree in psychology (13.3k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 138,181, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 2,901, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Baja California had 20.1k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 27k students enrolled at intermediate level and 91.1k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Baja California had 123 students who completed the initial literacy course, 722 intermediate literate students and 2.06k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Baja California, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 1.27k advisers and 246 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 39 zone coordination, 120 community squares, 3.82k study areas and 132 meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -8.03% (1.38k in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 1.23% (243 in 2019). The area coordinates more than 8.33% (36 in 2019), community squares changed 0% (120 in 2019), the study areas less than -4.24% (3.99k in 2019) and meeting areas more than 3.94% (127 in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 21.6 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 41 %, Population served by Social Security

In Baja California, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were IMSS (Social Security) (1.36M), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (715k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (497k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were IMSS (Social Security) (1.5M) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (819k).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 36.2 %, Men
  • 24.8 %, Women

In 2019, 36.2% of men over 18 years old in Baja California perceived security in their state, while 24.8% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper middle sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 37.7% in the case of men and 27.1% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2019, 8.46% of the population of Baja California claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 22.2% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 13% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 14.5% in the Judges and a 16.6% in the Federal Police, while a 15.8%, a 18.1% and a 15% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Baja California claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 7,532, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (2.32k), Narcomenudeo (1.06k), and Domestic Violence (794), which covered a 55.4% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Other Crimes against Life and Bodily Integrity (77%), Dispossession (36.4%), and Corruption of Minors (30.3%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Baja California were Retail Trade (39,800 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (19,300 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (13,159 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($103B MX companies), Retail Trade ($19.3B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($15.7B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($125B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($13.9B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($13.7B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 22.5%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 44.3%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer(70%), Health and Social Assistance Services(43.2%), and Manufacturing Industries(32.2%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Corporate (100%), Real Estate and Rental Services of Furniture and Intangible Assets (74.6%), and Financial and Insurance Services (74.2%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 56.8% of the large economic in Baja California separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (86.3%), plastic (70.8%), and metal (46.9%).