ProceduresGovernment

Baja California Sur

state

2020: 798,447, Population

 2020: US$334M, International sales

  2020: US$215M, International purchases

 2022-Q1 : US$80.8M, Exports

 2022-Q1: 433,220, Economically Active Population

  2022-Q1: 2.87 %, Unemployment rate

2022-Q1: 38.5 %, Labor informality rate

Jan-Jun 2022: US$358M, Foreign direct investment

About Baja California Sur

#permalink to section

In 2020, the population in Baja California Sur was 798,447 inhabitants (50.8% men and 49.2% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Baja California Sur increased by 25.3%.

International sales of Baja California Sur in 2020 were US$334M, 80.6% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Other Vegetables, Fresh or Chilled (US$55.7M), Tomatoes Fresh or Chilled (US$39.7M), and Crustaceans; in Shell or Not, Live, Fresh, Chilled, Frozen, Dried, Salted or in Brine; Smoked, Cooked or not before or during Smoking (US$34.4M).

International purchases of Baja California Sur in 2020 were US$215M, 49.9% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat (Whether or not Minced), Fresh, Chilled or Frozen (US$17.8M), Wood Sawn or Chipped Lengthwise, Sliced ​​Or Peeled, Planed, Sanded or End-Jointed, of Exceeding 6 Mm Thickness (US$7.73M), and Other Furniture and Parts (US$6.37M).

In the first quarter of 2022, the economically active population of Baja California Sur was 433k people. The workforce reached 421k people (41% women and 59% men) with an average monthly salary of $9.04k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (17.2k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (15.5k), and Domestic Workers (15.4k). Baja California Sur registered 12.5k unemployed (unemployment rate of 2.87%).

Net International Trade

#permalink to section

June, 2022

  • US$12.6M, International purchases
  • US$16.9M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In june 2022, international sales of Baja California Sur were US$16.9M and a total of US$12.6M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Baja California Sur it was of US$4.26M.

International Sales

#permalink to section

Other Vegetables, Fresh or Chilled: US$55.7M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$142M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Other Vegetables, Fresh or Chilled (US$55.7M), Tomatoes Fresh or Chilled (US$39.7M), and Crustaceans; in Shell or Not, Live, Fresh, Chilled, Frozen, Dried, Salted or in Brine; Smoked, Cooked or not before or during Smoking (US$34.4M).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$142M), China (US$20.5M), and Hong Kong (US$8.17M).

International Purchases

#permalink to section

Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat (Whether or not Minced), Fresh, Chilled or Frozen: US$17.8M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$62.1M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat (Whether or not Minced), Fresh, Chilled or Frozen (US$17.8M), Wood Sawn or Chipped Lengthwise, Sliced ​​Or Peeled, Planed, Sanded or End-Jointed, of Exceeding 6 Mm Thickness (US$7.73M), and Other Furniture and Parts (US$6.37M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$62.1M), China (US$29.3M), and Vietnam (US$11.9M).

Monthly International Trade

#permalink to section

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in june 2022 was Other Vegetables, Fresh or Chilled (US$5.88M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$8.07M), China (US$1.02M), and South Africa (US$507k).

The main international purchase in june 2022 was Seats whether or not Convertible into Beds, and Parts (US$557k). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$3.29M), China (US$1.6M), and Vietnam (US$400k).

Net Trade Balance

#permalink to section

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Baja California Sur, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2021 were Mulegé (US$206M), Comondú (US$61.8M), La Paz (US$47.5M), and Los Cabos (US$13.2M).

In Baja California Sur, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2021 were Mulegé (US$67.7M), La Paz (US$53.2M), Los Cabos (US$43.1M), Comondú (US$3.22M), and Loreto (US$2.82k).

Evolution of Exports

#permalink to section
Baja California Sur

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of Baja California Sur's exports according to data provided by INEGI. It is also possible to compare the evolution with other states by adding them in the upper selector.

In the first quarter of 2022, Baja California Sur registered US$80.8M in exports, showing a decrease de 32.9% compared to the previous quarter.

Foreign Direct Investment

#permalink to section

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section

  • US$358M, FDI Jan-Jun 2022
  • US$12.2B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2022

In the period January to June 2022, FDI in Baja California Sur reached the US$358M, distributed in equity capital (US$240M), reinvestment of earnings (US$117M), and inter-company debts (US$1.9M).

From January 1999 and June 2022, Baja California Sur accumulates a total of US$666B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$9.22B), inter-company debts (US$2.16B), and reinvestment of earnings (US$801M).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section

Main investor country Jan-Jun 2022: United States, US$316M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Jun-2022: United States, US$9.16B

From January to June de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Baja California Sur were United States (US$316M), Spain (US$14.3M), and Canada (US$12.5M).

Between January 1999 and June 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$9.16B), Canada (US$1.44B), and Spain (US$807M).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

#permalink to section

The map shows the distribution of remittance income in the municipalities of Baja California Sur. The lineplot shows the quarterly evolution of remittance income.

In the second quarter of 2022, the municipalities of Baja California Sur with the highest income from remittances were list Los Cabos (US$20.3M), La Paz (US$18.2M), and Comondú (US$2.21M).

Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

#permalink to section

The visualization compares the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the income from remittances.

During 2022, a total amount of remittances of US$77.6M is accumulated, while the FDI accumulated in the year reaches US$358M.

Product Prices

#permalink to section

Price Variations

#permalink to section

The graph shows the average quarterly variations of wholesale prices of some some agricultural market products.

You can review the variations for other agri-food markets and different periods by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

*Reference prices.

Price Evolution

#permalink to section

The graph shows the average quarterly evolution of the wholesale price of the product selected in the upper buttons, in addition to the quarterly percentage variation of the price.

*Reference prices.

Economic Indicators

#permalink to section

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Baja California Sur were Retail Trade (10,820 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (5,174 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (4,805 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

#permalink to section

The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Retail Trade ($5.78B MX companies), Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks ($3.43B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($2.6B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks ($6.62B MX companies), Retail Trade ($2.45B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($2.25B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

#permalink to section

Average percentage: 17.2%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 50.7%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services (56.5%), Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer (40%), and Manufacturing Industries (34.4%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Real Estate and Rental Services of Furniture and Intangible Assets (82.4%), Educational Services (77.8%), and Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (76.9%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

#permalink to section

The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 44.5% of the large economic in Baja California Sur separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (84.2%), plastic (74%), and organic waste (44.4%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

#permalink to section

The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Baja California Sur are another problems (20.7%), high expenses in service payments (19.7%), high costs of raw materials (10.6%), and public insecurity (10.4%).

Population and Housing

#permalink to section

Baja California Sur 2020: 392,568, Female Population

 Baja California Sur 2020: 405,879, Male Population

The total population of Baja California Sur in 2020 was 798,447 inhabitants, with 49.2% woman, and 50.8% men.

The municipalities of Baja California Sur with the highest population were Los Cabos (351,111 inhabitants), La Paz (292,241 inhabitants), and Comondú (73,021 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 25 to 29 years (68,798 inhabitants), 30 to 34 years (67,779 inhabitants), and 10 to 14 years (67,665 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25.6% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

#permalink to section

12.2k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Baja California Sur.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 12.2k inhabitants, which corresponds to 1.52% of the total population of Baja California Sur.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (3,436 inhabitants), Mixteco (2,895 inhabitants), and Zapoteco (1,113 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

#permalink to section

The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Baja California Sur in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Baja California Sur in the last 5 years came from United States (2.88k people), Cuba (284 people), and Canada (169 people).

The main causes of migration to Baja California Sur in recent years were family (1.55k people), living place (972 people), and legal (415 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

#permalink to section

People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 68.5k, Migrants to Baja California Sur

Main state of origin of migrants: 24%, Guerrero

The charts shows the internal immigration to Baja California Sur in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Baja California Sur come from Guerrero (16.5k people, 24% of all migrants), Sinaloa (7.26k people, 10.6% of all migrants), and Estado de México (5.14k people, 7.5% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

#permalink to section

Economically Active Population: 67.2%, 2022-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 2.87%, 2022-Q1

In the first quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Baja California Sur was 67.2%, which implied an increase of 0.19 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (67%).

The unemployment rate was 2.87 % (12.5k people), which implied an increase of 0.28 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.59%).

Salaries and Workforce

#permalink to section

61.5% Formal - 38.5% Informal: 421k, Workforce 2022-Q1

$10.7k MX Formal - $6.42k MX Informal: $9.04k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q1

The population employed in Baja California Sur in the first quarter of 2022 was 421k people, being  0.75% higher than the previous quarter (418k employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2022 it was of $9.04k MX being $1.06k MX lower than the previous quarter ($10.1k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

#permalink to section
Género

  • 41 %, Employed women 2022-Q1
  • 59 %, Employed men 2022-Q1

In first quarter of 2022, Baja California Sur had 420,766 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2022 were Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (17.2k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (15.5k), and Domestic Workers (15.4k)

Quality of Life

#permalink to section

Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

#permalink to section

  • 32.7%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 46.2%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 32.7% and 24.7%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 46.2% and 30.3%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

#permalink to section

The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 24.3, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 14.7, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Baja California Sur, the average travel time from home to work was 24.3 minutes, 85.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 4.68% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 14.7 minutes, 98% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 0.83% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Baja California Sur according to travel times.

In 2020, 50.7% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 44.5% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

#permalink to section

The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Baja California Sur according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Baja California Sur were High School or General Baccalaureate (161k people or 27.9% of the total), Middle School (157k people or 27.2% of the total), and Bachelor's Degree (109k people or 18.9% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

#permalink to section

Baja California Sur 2020: 2.32%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Baja California Sur in 2020 was 2.32%. Of the total illiterate population, 47.5% corresponded to men and 52.5% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Baja California Sur. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

#permalink to section

Percentage of school attendance Baja California Sur: 94.9%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Baja California Sur: 61.3%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 61.3% of the population of Baja California Sur between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 94.9% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 46.4% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

#permalink to section

Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 1.79k, Administration and business

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 1.25k, Administration and business

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (1,254), Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (1,168), and Services (454). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (1,789), Social Sciences and Law (643), and Education (571).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

#permalink to section

In 2021, the most demanded training field in Baja California Sur were multidisciplinary or general plans field of administration and management (1.13k), Food Gastronomy and Services (653), and Accounting and Supervision (645).

Health Resources

#permalink to section

Distribution of Health Units

#permalink to section

The map shows el número de unidades de salud in the municipalities of Baja California Sur.

With the top selectors you can see the distribution of health establishments by type of establishments and institution.

Health Institutions and Type

#permalink to section
Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

#permalink to section

The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources

#permalink to section

The map shows the number of Health Centers in the municipalities of Baja California Sur.

You can view this distribution in different years by changing the option selected in the button above.

Health Resources by Subcategory

#permalink to section

The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Baja California Sur.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

#permalink to section

Health Options and Coverage

#permalink to section

  • 21.2 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 44.6 %, Population served by Social Security

In Baja California Sur, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (348k), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (165k), and ISSSTE (92.4k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (403k) and Pemex, Defense or Marine (156k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

#permalink to section

In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Baja California Sur were visual disability (16.4k people), physical disability (15.7k people), and motor disability (6.58k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

#permalink to section

The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Baja California Sur. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 16,378 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 55.4% women and 44.6% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 5.12% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 50 to 54 years concentrated the 4.08% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

#permalink to section

The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Cost of Treatments by Hospital Level

#permalink to section

The line graph shows the evolution of total average cost of COVID-19 treatment by hospital level. The table provides details of the total cost and days of treatment by patient. You can select a date on the line chart to filter the data in the table.

In July 2021, the total average cost according to hospital level was: .

Supplies Cost in Private Hospitals

#permalink to section

The graph shows the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19. These include treatments, devices, services and drugs. This cost is regardless of the presentation and dose of the drug. Also, hospitals vary in the way they report supplies, and only the supplies of interest for this first scope are approved. It is important to highlight that the medicines correspond to the cut-off period of the database from March 2020 to July 2021, and that the use of drugs has changed over time to greater knowledge of the treatment of Covid-19.

In July 2021, the medical supplies of interest with the highest average unit cost were .

Evolution of Supplies Costs in Private Hospitals

#permalink to section
medical_300
medical_578
medical_595

The graph shows the evolution of the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19 in private hospitals. The data shows total costs per input regardless of the presentation, and dose of the drug.

You can add or remove medical supplies from the graph or analyze the number of supplies used by changing the options in the upper selectors.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

#permalink to section
Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Baja California Sur.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Baja California Sur. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Baja California Sur.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Baja California Sur to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

#permalink to section

  • $64.3k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $178k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Baja California Sur comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Baja California Sur, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $13.5k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $191k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

#permalink to section

Total current quarterly household income: $16B MX, Baja California Sur 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $8.92B MX, Baja California Sur 2020

In Baja California Sur, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $16B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (63.6%) and transfers (15.3%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $8.92B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (35.8%), transport (20.4%), and housing (12.1%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

#permalink to section

Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 39.1%. The expense that decreased the most was clothing, in a -46.9%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was home rent estimate, in a 9.7%. The income that decreased the most was property rent, in a -38.2%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

#permalink to section

  • 31.7%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 68.3%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 240k dwellings were registered. Of these, 31.7% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 68.3% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12.8% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 35 a 39 años.

Mulegé: 0.354, Municipality with less inequality

Loreto: 0.387, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Baja California Sur, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Mulegé (0.354), La Paz (0.356), Los Cabos (0.367), Comondú (0.376), and Loreto (0.387). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Loreto (0.387), Comondú (0.376), Los Cabos (0.367), La Paz (0.356), and Mulegé (0.354).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

#permalink to section

Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 3.5%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 23.9%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 23.9% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 3.5% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 33.9%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 7%.

The main social deficiencies of Baja California Sur in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and deprivation health services.

Public Spending

#permalink to section

Basic Concepts

#permalink to section

The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

#permalink to section

The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

#permalink to section

Main Budget Approved 2021: $19.5B MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $1.21B MX, Government

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2021, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $19.5B MX (corresponding to 58.6% of the total budget), others not classified in previous functions with $6.51B MX (corresponding to 19.6% of the total budget), economic development with $6.04B MX (corresponding to 18.2% of the total budget), and government with $1.21B MX (corresponding to 3.63% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

#permalink to section

Main Budget Approved 2021: $18.5B MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $381k MX, Current expenditure (subsidies)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2021 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $18.5B MX (corresponding to 55.6% of the total budget), pensions and retirements with $6.65B MX (corresponding to 20% of the total budget), and participations with $6.49B MX (corresponding to 19.5% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

#permalink to section

The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2021 according to the administrative classification were Federal Contributions for States and Municipalities with $7.17B MX (corresponding to 21.6% of the total budget), Mexican Social Security Institute with $6.7B MX (corresponding to 20.2% of the total budget), and Participations to Federal Entities and Municipalities with $6.51B MX (corresponding to 19.6% of the total budget).

Derechohabientes

#permalink to section

Infonavit Credits

#permalink to section

The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Baja California Sur, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In March 2022, 201 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $95M MX.

Public security

#permalink to section

Definition of Concepts

#permalink to section

In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

#permalink to section

Perception of Security in your State

  • 71.3 %, Men
  • 57.5 %, Women

In 2021, 71.3% of men over 18 years old in Baja California Sur perceived security in their state, while 57.5% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 79.1% in the case of men and 66.5% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

#permalink to section

In 2021, 8.56% of the population of Baja California Sur claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 13.6% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 13.1% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 18.8% in the Judges and a 9.54% in the Federal Police, while a 9.61%, a 9.64% and a 15.7% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

#permalink to section

July 2022: 1,732, Total complaints

 July 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during July 2022 were Stole (468), Domestic Violence (247), and Injury (169), which covered a 51% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in July 2021 and July 2022, those with the highest growth were Other Crimes against Life and Bodily Integrity (600%), Other Crimes against Property (325%), and Extortion (110%).