Chihuahua

state

2015: 3,556,574, Population

2020-S1: 1.09, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$48.2B, International sales

2020: US$47.7B, International purchases

2020-Q4: 1,763,997, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 3.69 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 37.3 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $54k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: US$632M, Foreign direct investment

About Chihuahua

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In 2015, the population in Chihuahua was 3,556,574 inhabitants (49.3% men and 50.7% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Chihuahua increased by 4.41%.

International sales of Chihuahua in 2020 were US$48.2B, -7.68% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$21.9B), Electrical Wires and Cables (US$3.5B), and Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$2.86B).

International purchases of Chihuahua in 2020 were US$47.7B, -12.1% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$10.4B), Parts and Accessories of Machines (US$6.6B), and Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$4.81B).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of Chihuahua was 1.76M people. The workforce reached 1.7M people (38.5% women and 61.5% men) with an average monthly salary of $6.07k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Assemblers and Assemblers of Electrical Parts and Electronic (87k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (67.5k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (60.8k). Chihuahua registered 65k unemployed (unemployment rate of 3.69%).

In 2015, 27.2% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 2.08% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 26.7%, while the vulnerable population by income was 12.3%.

In 2015, 4.18% of the population in Chihuahua had no access to sewage systems, 2.28% did not have a water supply network, 1.56% did not have a bathroom and 1.64% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Chihuahua.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Chihuahua. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Chihuahua.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Chihuahua to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

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46,563, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Chihuahua, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Chihuahua according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Chihuahua, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Chihuahua (2,725), Delicias (679), and Hidalgo del Parral (546). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Chihuahua (559), Delicias (19), and Hidalgo del Parral (17). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Juárez (14,155), Chihuahua (4,531), and Chínipas (182).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere: US$21.9B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$46.6B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$21.9B), Electrical Wires and Cables (US$3.5B), and Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$2.86B).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$46.6B), Canada (US$282M), and Hong Kong (US$236M).

International Purchases

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Electronic Integrated Circuits: US$10.4B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$13.4B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$10.4B), Parts and Accessories of Machines (US$6.6B), and Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$4.81B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$13.4B), China (US$11.8B), and Malaysia (US$5.77B).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020: US$4.74B, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$5.81B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Chihuahua were US$5.81B and a total of US$4.74B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Chihuahua it was of US$1.07B.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$2.05B). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$4.11B), Canada (US$27.5M), and Switzerland (US$8.75M).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$884M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$1.28B), China (US$1.14B), and Malaysia (US$383M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Chihuahua, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Juárez (US$48.1B), Chihuahua (US$7.26B), Cuauhtémoc (US$425M), Delicias (US$193M), and Ojinaga (US$49.1M).

In Chihuahua, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Juárez (US$41.1B), Chihuahua (US$7.61B), Cuauhtémoc (US$559M), Delicias (US$171M), and Ojinaga (US$28.6M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$632M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$35.1B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Chihuahua reached the US$632, distributed in inter-company debts (US$381M), reinvestment of earnings (US$270M), and equity capital (-US$19.1M).

From January 1999 and December 2020, Chihuahua accumulates a total of US$35.1B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in inter-company debts (US$20.5B), equity capital (US$7.44B), and reinvestment of earnings (US$7.08B).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$374M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: United States, US$23B

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Chihuahua were United States (US$374M), Spain (US$99.1M), and Canada (US$56.2M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are United States (US$23B), Canada (US$4.17B), and Spain (US$1.23B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 59.9%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 3.69%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Chihuahua was 59.9%, which implied a decrease of 0.48 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (60.4%) and a decrease of 1.82 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (61.8%).

The unemployment rate was 3.69 % (65k people), which implied a decrease of 0.91 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (4.6%) and an increase of 1.12 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (2.56%).

Salaries and Workforce

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62.7% Formal - 37.3% Informal: 1.7M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$7.15k MX Formal - $4.26k MX Informal: $6.07k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in Chihuahua in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 1.7M people, being  0.3% lower than the previous quarter (1.7M employed) and 2.34% lower than the same period of the previous year (1.74M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $6.07k MX being $471 MX lower than the previous quarter ($6.54k MX) and $90.7 MX  lower than the same period of the previous year ($6.16k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 38.5 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 61.5 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, Chihuahua had 1,698,954 employed, 2.34% less than the same period of the previous year (1,739,620).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Assemblers and Assemblers of Electrical Parts and Electronic (87k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (67.5k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (60.8k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Chihuahua. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 51.8%, the unemployment rate was 5.15% and the rate of labor informality reached 30.5%.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $54k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $166k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Chihuahua comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Chihuahua, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $10.9k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $177k MX in the same period.

Aquiles Serdán: 0.34, Municipality with less inequality

Guachochi: 0.55, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Chihuahua, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Aquiles Serdán (0.34), Ahumada (0.36), Santa Bárbara (0.36), Rosales (0.36), and Matamoros (0.36). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Guachochi (0.55), Guadalupe y Calvo (0.5), Balleza (0.49), Bocoyna (0.48), and Guazapares (0.48).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 2.08%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 27.2%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 27.2% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (5.02% lower than to 2010) and 2.08% in extreme poverty (4.48% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 26.7% (3.87% higher than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 12.3% (0.62% lower than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Chihuahua in 2015 were deprivation social security, educational backwardness and deprivation food access.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 2.28%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 1.64%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 1.56%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 4.18%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 4.18% of the population in Chihuahua did not have access to sewage systems (149k people), 2.28% did not have a water supply network (81k people) , 1.56% did not have a bathroom (55.5k people) and 1.64% did not have electricity (58.2k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 25.4%, Housing with 4 rooms (2015)
  • 42.6%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 4 and 3 rooms, 25.4% and 23.1%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 42.6% and 27.8%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 36.7% of all Chihuahua housings had internet access (379,865 housings), 93.3% owned at least one television (964,587 housings), 38.3% claimed to have a computer (395,710 housings) and 85.7% purchased at least one mobile phone (885,634 housings).

Of all Chihuahua housing, 29.1% had the 4 connectivity elements (300,588 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 27.5, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 6.3%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Chihuahua, the average travel time from home to work was 27.5 minutes, 87.5% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 6.3% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Chihuahua in 2015 according to travel times.

46.2% of the population uses a own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation, while 19.9% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) and labor transportation.

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle), while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle).

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 15.8k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 23.1k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (23,110), Business Administration (11,168), and social sciences and law (8,212). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (15,826), social sciences and law (13,468), and Engineering, manufacturing and construction (11,614).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Chihuahua, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Autónoma De Chihuahua (54.1k), Universidad Tecnológica De Chihuahua (10.2k), and Instituto Tecnológico De Chihuahua (9.68k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Chihuahua were Law degree (10.1k), Industrial engineering (7.13k), and Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration (5.2k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 197,964, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 5,164, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Chihuahua had 25.1k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 45.3k students enrolled at intermediate level and 128k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Chihuahua had 304 students who completed the initial literacy course, 1.37k intermediate literate students and 3.49k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Chihuahua, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 2.4k advisers and 312 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 51 zone coordination, 258 community squares, 4.3k study areas and 228 meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -4.35% (2.51k in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 0.65% (310 in 2019). The area coordinates more than 6.25% (48 in 2019), community squares changed 0% (258 in 2019), the study areas less than -4.72% (4.52k in 2019) and meeting areas more than 2.24% (223 in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 23.7 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 46.8 %, Population served by Social Security

In Chihuahua, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were IMSS (Social Security) (1.66M), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (844k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (354k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were IMSS (Social Security) (1.69M) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (978k).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 22.7 %, Men
  • 13.1 %, Women

In 2019, 22.7% of men over 18 years old in Chihuahua perceived security in their state, while 13.1% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 36.5% in the case of men and 18.6% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2019, 8.56% of the population of Chihuahua claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 18.5% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 13.5% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 14.2% in the Judges and a 10.5% in the Federal Police, while a 12.2%, a 12.4% and a 19.3% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Chihuahua claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 5,349, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (1k), Narcomenudeo (818), and Domestic Violence (768), which covered a 48.4% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Against the Environment (400%), Crimes Committed by Public Servants (236%), and Falsification (125%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Chihuahua were Retail Trade (44,951 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (19,175 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (12,791 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($36.2B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($17.3B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($16.8B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($60.1B MX companies), Retail Trade ($13.7B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($13.6B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 20.4%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 44.5%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Manufacturing Industries(44.6%), Health and Social Assistance Services(37.4%), and Leisure and Cultural Services, Sports, and other Recreational Services(23.9%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Financial and Insurance Services (82.3%), Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (70.6%), and Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Exploitation, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (68%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 55.3% of the large economic in Chihuahua separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (86.2%), plastic (73.8%), and wood (43%).