Colima

state

2015: 711,235, Population

2020-S1: -0.034, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$158M, International sales

2020: US$362M, International purchases

2020-Q4: 371,574, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 3.77 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 50 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $52.8k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: US$97.6M, Foreign direct investment

In 2015, the population in Colima was 711,235 inhabitants (49.3% men and 50.7% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Colima increased by 9.33%.

International sales of Colima in 2020 were US$158M, 1.19% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Cantaloupes, Watermelons and Papayas, Frescos (US$39.1M), Agrios (Citrus) Fresh or Dried (US$36.4M), and Fruit Juices or Fruit and Vegetable Juices (US$15.1M).

International purchases of Colima in 2020 were US$362M, 59.6% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat (Whether or not Minced), Fresh, Chilled or Frozen (US$57.6M), Fish, Frozen, Excluding Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat of Heading 0304 (US$34.1M), and Pepper of the Genus Piper; Fruits of the Capsicum Genus or Pimenta, Dried, Crushed or Ground (US$23.8M).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of Colima was 372k people. The workforce reached 358k people (40.3% women and 59.7% men) with an average monthly salary of $5.86k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (22.7k), Workers in the Cultivation of Fruit (22.3k), and Domestic Workers (13.3k). Colima registered 14k unemployed (unemployment rate of 3.77%).

In 2015, 30.3% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 2.99% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 34%, while the vulnerable population by income was 7.72%.

In 2015, 0.73% of the population in Colima had no access to sewage systems, 1.09% did not have a water supply network, 2.29% did not have a bathroom and 0.56% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

#permalink to section
info-sign
Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Colima.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Colima. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Colima.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Colima to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

#permalink to section

The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

#permalink to section

25,847, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Colima, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Colima according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Colima, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Colima (1,247), Manzanillo (705), and Villa de Álvarez (561). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Colima (51), Villa de Álvarez (40), and Tecomán (9). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Manzanillo (6,170), Colima (4,460), and Villa de Álvarez (432).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

#permalink to section
info-sign

Cantaloupes, Watermelons and Papayas, Frescos: US$39.1M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$92.6M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Cantaloupes, Watermelons and Papayas, Frescos (US$39.1M), Agrios (Citrus) Fresh or Dried (US$36.4M), and Fruit Juices or Fruit and Vegetable Juices (US$15.1M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$92.6M), China (US$44.4M), and Canada (US$5.93M).

International Purchases

#permalink to section
info-sign

Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat (Whether or not Minced), Fresh, Chilled or Frozen: US$57.6M, Main Imported Product (2020)

China: US$228M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat (Whether or not Minced), Fresh, Chilled or Frozen (US$57.6M), Fish, Frozen, Excluding Fish Fillets and other Fish Meat of Heading 0304 (US$34.1M), and Pepper of the Genus Piper; Fruits of the Capsicum Genus or Pimenta, Dried, Crushed or Ground (US$23.8M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were China (US$228M), United States (US$28.6M), and Vietnam (US$19.5M).

Net International Trade

#permalink to section
info-sign

December, 2020: US$40.8M, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$19.4M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Colima were US$19.4M and a total of US$40.8M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Colima it was of -US$21.4M.

Monthly International Trade

#permalink to section
info-sign

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Cantaloupes, Watermelons and Papayas, Frescos (US$3.02M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$5.11M), China (US$1.7M), and Canada (US$300k).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$475k). The main countries of origin of international purchases were China (US$14M), Vietnam (US$1.12M), and United States (US$697k).

Net Trade Balance

#permalink to section

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Colima, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Tecomán (US$151M), Manzanillo (US$124M), Colima (US$22.1M), and Villa de Álvarez (US$1.85M).

In Colima, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Manzanillo (US$472M), Tecomán (US$5.01M), Colima (US$2.64M), Villa de Álvarez (US$1.65M), and Cuauhtémoc (US$179k).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section
info-sign

  • US$97.6M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$2.39B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Colima reached the US$97.6, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$39.3M), inter-company debts (US$35.5M), and equity capital (US$22.8M).

From January 1999 and December 2020, Colima accumulates a total of US$2.39B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in equity capital (US$1.31B), reinvestment of earnings (US$634M), and inter-company debts (US$444M).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section
info-sign

Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$71.9M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: United States, US$754M

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Colima were United States (US$71.9M), Spain (US$30.3M), and Chile (Confidential).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are United States (US$754M), Canada (US$482M), and Spain (US$464M).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

#permalink to section
info-sign

Economically Active Population: 61.1%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 3.77%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Colima was 61.1%, which implied an increase of 1.17 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (60%) and a decrease of 5.43 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (66.6%).

The unemployment rate was 3.77 % (14k people), which implied a decrease of 0.32 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (4.09%) and an increase of 0.82 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (2.95%).

Salaries and Workforce

#permalink to section

50% Formal - 50% Informal: 358k, Workforce 2020-Q4

$7.23k MX Formal - $4.49k MX Informal: $5.86k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in Colima in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 358k people, being  2.05% higher than the previous quarter (350k employed) and 6.98% lower than the same period of the previous year (384k employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $5.86k MX being $392 MX higher than the previous quarter ($5.47k MX) and $339 MX  higher than the same period of the previous year ($5.52k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

#permalink to section
Género

  • 40.3 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 59.7 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, Colima had 357,550 employed, 6.98% less than the same period of the previous year (384,392).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (22.7k), Workers in the Cultivation of Fruit (22.3k), and Domestic Workers (13.3k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

#permalink to section

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Colima. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 55.3%, the unemployment rate was 4.22% and the rate of labor informality reached 50.4%.

Economic Complexity

#permalink to section

Definition of Concepts

#permalink to section

Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

#permalink to section

The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

#permalink to section

  • $52.8k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $143k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Colima comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Colima, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $11.4k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $154k MX in the same period.

Armería: 0.4, Municipality with less inequality

Comala: 0.47, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Colima, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Armería (0.4), Manzanillo (0.41), Tecomán (0.42), Cuauhtémoc (0.42), and Coquimatlán (0.43). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Comala (0.47), Colima (0.46), Ixtlahuacán (0.44), Minatitlán (0.43), and Villa de Álvarez (0.43).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

#permalink to section

Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 2.99%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 30.3%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 30.3% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (1.91% lower than to 2010) and 2.99% in extreme poverty (0.47% higher than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 34% (0.23% higher than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 7.72% (2.84% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Colima in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and educational backwardness.

Access to Basic Services

#permalink to section

Population without Access to Water: 1.09%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 0.56%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 2.29%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 0.73%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 0.73% of the population in Colima did not have access to sewage systems (5.21k people), 1.09% did not have a water supply network (7.72k people) , 2.29% did not have a bathroom (16.3k people) and 0.56% did not have electricity (3.99k people).

Quality of Life

#permalink to section

Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

#permalink to section

  • 32.9%, Housing with 3 rooms (2015)
  • 45.8%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 3 and 2 rooms, 32.9% and 22.2%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 45.8% and 33%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

#permalink to section

In 2015, 38.5% of all Colima housings had internet access (78,996 housings), 95.6% owned at least one television (196,203 housings), 38.2% claimed to have a computer (78,440 housings) and 85.3% purchased at least one mobile phone (175,026 housings).

Of all Colima housing, 27.9% had the 4 connectivity elements (57,343 households).

Travel Time to Work

#permalink to section

2015: 23.1, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 3.9%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Colima, the average travel time from home to work was 23.1 minutes, 87.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 3.9% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Colima in 2015 according to travel times.

38.2% of the population uses a own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation, while 11.2% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) and bus, taxi, or similar.

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle), while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

#permalink to section

Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 8.89k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 7.01k, Business Administration

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (7,014), Engineering, manufacturing and construction (5,610), and social sciences and law (3,008). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (8,892), social sciences and law (5,700), and Education (3,106).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

#permalink to section

In Colima, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad De Colima (27k), Instituto Tecnológico De Colima (6.57k), and Universidad Vizcaya De Las Américas (3.87k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Colima were Law degree (3.77k), Degree in administration (2.73k), and Degree in psychology (2.22k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

#permalink to section

  • 59,244, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 1,120, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Colima had 11.8k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 12.6k students enrolled at intermediate level and 34.9k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Colima had 48 students who completed the initial literacy course, 281 intermediate literate students and 791 students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

#permalink to section

The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Colima, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 639 advisers and 102 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 15 zone coordination, 153 community squares, 1.75k study areas and 18 meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -5.75% (678 in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 9.68% (93 in 2019). The area coordinates more than 25% (12 in 2019), community squares more than 3.38% (148 in 2019), the study areas less than -7.15% (1.89k in 2019) and meeting areas less than -21.7% (23 in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

#permalink to section

  • 37.3 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 37.2 %, Population served by Social Security

In Colima, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (266k), IMSS (Social Security) (264k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (63.6k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were IMSS (Social Security) (288k) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (269k).

Public security

#permalink to section

Definition of Concepts

#permalink to section

In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

#permalink to section
info-sign

Perception of Security in your State

  • 24.9 %, Men
  • 16.1 %, Women

In 2019, 24.9% of men over 18 years old in Colima perceived security in their state, while 16.1% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the lower class socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (32.7%), while women perceived greater security in the lower middle socioeconomic stratum (17.6%).

Trust in Authorities

#permalink to section

In 2019, 12.1% of the population of Colima claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 14.5% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 11.5% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 13.7% in the Judges and a 19.2% in the Federal Police, while a 16%, a 15.1% and a 13.5% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Colima claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and more trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

#permalink to section

December 2020

  • 2,118, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (566), Domestic Violence (319), and Damage to Property (232), which covered a 52.7% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Corruption of Minors (200%), Sexual Harassment (150%), and Breaking and Entering (77.8%).

Economic Indicators

#permalink to section

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Colima were Retail Trade (12,165 unidades), Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (6,099 unidades), and Other Services except Government Activities (5,472 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

#permalink to section

The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($5.01B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($4.36B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($4.12B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($5.28B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($3.7B MX companies), and Transportation and Storage ($2.89B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

#permalink to section

Average percentage: 13.8%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 61.1%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Manufacturing Industries(34.6%), Health and Social Assistance Services(29%), and Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer(22.2%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Corporate (100%), Other Services except Government Activities (90.5%), and Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (85.7%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

#permalink to section

The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 42.9% of the large economic in Colima separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (81.8%), plastic (72.1%), and metal (47.6%).