Jalisco

state

2015: 7,844,830, Population

2020-S1: 0.96, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$22B, International sales

2020: US$24.3B, International purchases

2020-Q4: 3,810,866, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 4.1 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 47.1 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $60.5k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: US$2.15B, Foreign direct investment

In 2015, the population in Jalisco was 7,844,830 inhabitants (48.9% men and 51.1% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Jalisco increased by 6.72%.

International sales of Jalisco in 2020 were US$22B, 23.3% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks (US$4.86B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$3.01B), and Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$2.19B).

International purchases of Jalisco in 2020 were US$24.3B, -14.2% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks (US$2.73B), Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$2.58B), and Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$989M).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of Jalisco was 3.81M people. The workforce reached 3.65M people (39.4% women and 60.6% men) with an average monthly salary of $5.52k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (252k), Traders in Stores (215k), and Domestic Workers (127k). Jalisco registered 156k unemployed (unemployment rate of 4.1%).

In 2015, 31.5% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 3.24% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 28.7%, while the vulnerable population by income was 9.03%.

In 2015, 1.21% of the population in Jalisco had no access to sewage systems, 1.71% did not have a water supply network, 1.43% did not have a bathroom and 0.37% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Jalisco.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Jalisco. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Jalisco.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Jalisco to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

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104,179, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Jalisco, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Jalisco according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Jalisco, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Guadalajara (4,142), Zapopan (2,347), and Puerto Vallarta (804). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Guadalajara (355), Tepatitlán de Morelos (193), and Zapopan (140). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Guadalajara (17,797), Zapopan (11,471), and Tonalá (3,585).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks: US$4.86B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$17.1B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks (US$4.86B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$3.01B), and Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$2.19B).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$17.1B), Canada (US$729M), and China (US$276M).

International Purchases

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Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks: US$2.73B, Main Imported Product (2020)

China: US$8.08B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks (US$2.73B), Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$2.58B), and Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$989M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were China (US$8.08B), United States (US$5.95B), and Taiwan (US$1.53B).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020: US$2.52B, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$2.72B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Jalisco were US$2.72B and a total of US$2.52B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Jalisco it was of US$193M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Other Fruit and Nuts, Fresh (US$314M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$1.69B), Canada (US$70.9M), and China (US$38.8M).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Telephones, Including Mobile Phones and those of other Wireless Networks (US$272M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were China (US$721M), United States (US$599M), and Taiwan (US$124M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Jalisco, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Zapopan (US$11B), El Salto (US$5.31B), Guadalajara (US$2.82B), San Pedro Tlaquepaque (US$2.76B), and Tlajomulco de Zúñiga (US$1.84B).

In Jalisco, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Zapopan (US$11.8B), Guadalajara (US$4.41B), Tlajomulco de Zúñiga (US$3.58B), San Pedro Tlaquepaque (US$3.22B), and El Salto (US$2.43B).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$2.15B, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$33.7B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Jalisco reached the US$2.15k, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$1.18B), inter-company debts (US$559M), and equity capital (US$413M).

From January 1999 and December 2020, Jalisco accumulates a total of US$33.7B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in equity capital (US$15.3B), reinvestment of earnings (US$9.73B), and inter-company debts (US$8.65B).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$481M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: United States, US$17.3B

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Jalisco were United States (US$481M), Germany (US$354M), and Canada (US$333M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are United States (US$17.3B), Germany (US$2.94B), and Spain (US$2.81B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 59.7%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 4.1%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Jalisco was 59.7%, which implied an increase of 0.64 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (59.1%) and a decrease of 2.4 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (62.1%).

The unemployment rate was 4.1 % (156k people), which implied a decrease of 0.9 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (5.01%) and an increase of 0.95 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (3.15%).

Salaries and Workforce

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52.9% Formal - 47.1% Informal: 3.65M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$6.36k MX Formal - $4.57k MX Informal: $5.52k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in Jalisco in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 3.65M people, being  2.19% higher than the previous quarter (3.58M employed) and 3.13% lower than the same period of the previous year (3.77M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $5.52k MX being $76.5 MX higher than the previous quarter ($5.44k MX) and $832 MX  higher than the same period of the previous year ($4.69k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 39.4 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 60.6 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, Jalisco had 3,654,530 employed, 3.13% less than the same period of the previous year (3,772,715).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (252k), Traders in Stores (215k), and Domestic Workers (127k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Jalisco. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 58.3%, the unemployment rate was 3.83% and the rate of labor informality reached 61.3%.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $60.5k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $180k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Jalisco comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Jalisco, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $13.3k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $194k MX in the same period.

El Salto: 0.41, Municipality with less inequality

Mezquitic: 0.62, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Jalisco, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: El Salto (0.41), Casimiro Castillo (0.42), Tonila (0.42), Puerto Vallarta (0.42), and Gómez Farías (0.42). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Mezquitic (0.62), Totatiche (0.55), Bolaños (0.54), Quitupan (0.53), and Mixtlán (0.53).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 3.24%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 31.5%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 31.5% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (0.25% lower than to 2010) and 3.24% in extreme poverty (2.02% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 28.7% (5.03% lower than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 9.03% (2.79% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Jalisco in 2015 were deprivation social security, educational backwardness and deprivation health services.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 1.71%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 0.37%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 1.43%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 1.21%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 1.21% of the population in Jalisco did not have access to sewage systems (94.9k people), 1.71% did not have a water supply network (134k people) , 1.43% did not have a bathroom (112k people) and 0.37% did not have electricity (28.9k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 28.7%, Housing with 3 rooms (2015)
  • 42.7%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 3 and 4 rooms, 28.7% and 26.8%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 42.7% and 25.6%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 39.1% of all Jalisco housings had internet access (806,199 housings), 97.3% owned at least one television (2,003,441 housings), 38.9% claimed to have a computer (800,539 housings) and 85.4% purchased at least one mobile phone (1,760,095 housings).

Of all Jalisco housing, 29.6% had the 4 connectivity elements (609,019 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 31.3, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 9.92%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Jalisco, the average travel time from home to work was 31.3 minutes, 81.7% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 9.92% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Jalisco in 2015 according to travel times.

34.3% of the population uses a bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation, while 6.92% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are bus, taxi, or similar and own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle).

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 69.1k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 61.8k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (61,812), Business Administration (59,382), and social sciences and law (36,696). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (69,130), social sciences and law (58,196), and Health Sciences (57,542).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Jalisco, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad De Guadalajara (260k), Instituto Tecnológico José Mario Molina Pasquel Y Henríquez (28.7k), and Instituto Tecnológico Y De Estudios Superiores De Occidente (21.9k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Jalisco were lawyer (25.4k), Degree in psychology (20.9k), and Law degree (20k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 369,746, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 6,589, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Jalisco had 58.3k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 92.7k students enrolled at intermediate level and 219k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Jalisco had 527 students who completed the initial literacy course, 1.39k intermediate literate students and 4.67k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Jalisco, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 3.11k advisers and 575 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 57 zone coordination, 485 community squares, 6.12k study areas and 1.49k meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -3.21% (3.21k in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 4.74% (549 in 2019). The area coordinates more than 5.56% (54 in 2019), community squares more than 0.21% (484 in 2019), the study areas less than -3.49% (6.34k in 2019) and meeting areas less than -5.52% (1.58k in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 31.7 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 37 %, Population served by Social Security

In Jalisco, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were IMSS (Social Security) (2.9M), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (2.48M), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (1.22M).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were IMSS (Social Security) (3.24M) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (2.58M).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 27.1 %, Men
  • 15.7 %, Women

In 2019, 27.1% of men over 18 years old in Jalisco perceived security in their state, while 15.7% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the lower class socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (31%), while women perceived greater security in the lower middle socioeconomic stratum (17.2%).

Trust in Authorities

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In 2019, 11.1% of the population of Jalisco claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 16.4% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 12.7% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 13.7% in the Judges and a 18.9% in the Federal Police, while a 16.1%, a 21.6% and a 11% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Jalisco claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, more trust in Judges and more trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 10,506, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (4.55k), Domestic Violence (867), and Injury (867), which covered a 59.8% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Other Crimes against Personal Freedom (80.6%), Falsification (71.6%), and Other Crimes against Sexual Freedom and Security (66.7%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Jalisco were Retail Trade (145,586 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (50,210 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (44,452 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($112B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($59B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($51.9B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($113B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($51.7B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($28.1B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 15.5%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 58.2%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services(52.1%), Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer(29.6%), and Manufacturing Industries(22.6%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Financial and Insurance Services (83.9%), Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (71.2%), and Other Services except Government Activities (67.3%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 53.2% of the large economic in Jalisco separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (91.6%), plastic (74.3%), and metal (48.1%).