León

municipality

2015: 1,578,626, Population

 2020: US$555M, International sales

2020: US$1.21B, International purchases

2018: $46.1k MX, Average quarterly current income

In 2015, the population in León was 1,578,626 inhabitants (49.1% men and 50.9% women). Compared to 2010, the population in León increased by 9.9%.

International sales of León in 2020 were US$555M, 6.53% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$76.8M), Preparations Hides after Tanning or Crusting and Shrunken Skins of Bovine (Including Buffalo) or Equine, whether or not Split, except those of Heading 41.14 (US$67.4M), and Lift Trucks; other Handling Carts with Lifting Incorporated (US$61M).

International purchases of León in 2020 were US$1.21B, -25% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Tires of Rubber (US$148M), Hides and Skins Tanned or "Crust" Bovine (Including Buffalo) or Equine Animals, without Hair, Split but not further Prepared (US$57.4M), and Other Plates, Sheets and Strip, of Plastics (US$53.1M).

In 2015, 29.3% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 2.21% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 34%, while the vulnerable population by income was 8.83%.

In 2015, 1.41% of the population in León had no access to sewage systems, 3.8% did not have a water supply network, 0.88% did not have a bathroom and 0.18% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in León.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in León. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in León.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in León to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

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Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in León, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Guanajuato according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Guanajuato, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are León (3,354), Irapuato (902), and Celaya (867). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are San Miguel de Allende (169), León (121), and Irapuato (68). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are León (17,268), Celaya (9,697), and Salvatierra (229).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$76.8M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$419M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$76.8M), Preparations Hides after Tanning or Crusting and Shrunken Skins of Bovine (Including Buffalo) or Equine, whether or not Split, except those of Heading 41.14 (US$67.4M), and Lift Trucks; other Handling Carts with Lifting Incorporated (US$61M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$419M), China (US$32.7M), and Croatia (US$11.7M).

International Purchases

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Tires of Rubber: US$148M, Main Imported Product (2020)

China: US$368M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Tires of Rubber (US$148M), Hides and Skins Tanned or "Crust" Bovine (Including Buffalo) or Equine Animals, without Hair, Split but not further Prepared (US$57.4M), and Other Plates, Sheets and Strip, of Plastics (US$53.1M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were China (US$368M), United States (US$317M), and Germany (US$82.2M).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020: US$172M, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$92.5M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of León were US$92.5M and a total of US$172M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of León it was of -US$79.5M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$8.86M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$28.5M), Canada (US$563k), and Dominican Republic (US$467k).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Tires of Rubber (US$23.1M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were China (US$47.9M), United States (US$43M), and Italy (US$9.07M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$493M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$23B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Guanajuato's state.

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Guanajuato reached the US$0, distributed in .

From January 1999 and December 2020, Guanajuato accumulates a total of US$23B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in .

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$148M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: United States, US$10.4B

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Guanajuato's state.

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Guanajuato were United States (US$148M), Spain (US$128M), and Germany (US$70.9M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are United States (US$10.4B), Japan (US$3.15B), and Spain (US$2.61B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 59.6%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 5.26%, 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Guanajuato was 59.6%, which implied an increase of 1.26 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (58.4%) and a decrease of 1.82 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (61.5%).

The unemployment rate was 5.26 % (140k people), which implied a decrease of 1.28 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (6.53%) and an increase of 2 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (3.25%).

Salaries and Workforce

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45.1% Formal - 54.9% Informal: 2.52M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$5.63k MX Formal - $3.54k MX Informal: $4.48k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Guanajuato in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 2.52M people, being  4.53% higher than the previous quarter (2.41M employed) and 3.02% lower than the same period of the previous year (2.6M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $4.48k MX being $10.4 MX lower than the previous quarter ($4.49k MX) and $361 MX  lower than the same period of the previous year ($4.84k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 40.3 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 59.7 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In fourth quarter of 2020, Guanajuato had 2,517,241 employed, 3.02% less than the same period of the previous year (2,595,510).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (172k), Traders in Stores (133k), and Domestic Workers (92.7k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Guanajuato. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 58.7%, the unemployment rate was 11% and the rate of labor informality reached 48%.

* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $46.1k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $123k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Guanajuato comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Guanajuato, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $9.77k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $133k MX in the same period.

2015: 0.39, GINI in León

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Guanajuato, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Purísima del Rincón (0.36), Villagrán (0.39), San Francisco del Rincón (0.39), San José Iturbide (0.39), and Pueblo Nuevo (0.39). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Victoria (0.48), Xichú (0.47), Irapuato (0.46), San Miguel de Allende (0.45), and Pénjamo (0.45).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 2.21%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 29.3%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 29.3% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (3.53% lower than to 2010) and 2.21% in extreme poverty (1.77% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 34% (4.65% higher than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 8.83% (0.99% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of León in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and educational backwardness.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 3.8%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 0.18%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 0.88%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 1.41%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 1.41% of the population in León did not have access to sewage systems (22.3k people), 3.8% did not have a water supply network (59.9k people) , 0.88% did not have a bathroom (13.9k people) and 0.18% did not have electricity (2.82k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 32.7%, Housing with 3 rooms (2015)
  • 44.3%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 3 and 4 rooms, 32.7% and 26%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 44.3% and 26.1%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 36.7% of all León housings had internet access (141,891 housings), 98.2% owned at least one television (379,855 housings), 35.6% claimed to have a computer (137,589 housings) and 83.5% purchased at least one mobile phone (322,972 housings).

Of all León housing, 27.1% had the 4 connectivity elements (104,940 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 31.2, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 8.1%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In León, the average travel time from home to work was 31.2 minutes, 83.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 8.1% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of León in 2015 according to travel times.

37.9% of the population uses a bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation, while 3.09% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are bus, taxi, or similar and own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle).

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 15.6k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 13.7k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (13,714), Business Administration (12,264), and social sciences and law (7,654). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (15,644), social sciences and law (12,876), and Health Sciences (8,570).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In León, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad La Salle, A.C. - Bajío (18k), Universidad Tecnológica De León (15.6k), and Universidad De León (12.1k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in León were Law degree (8.07k), Degree in psychology (4.28k), and Degree in architecture (4.24k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 490,182, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 9,045, Literate students in 2020

* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020 Guanajuato had 108k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 134k students enrolled at intermediate level and 248k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Guanajuato had 818 students who completed the initial literacy course, 2.36k intermediate literate students and 5.87k students who completed advanced level courses.

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 27.4 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 41.8 %, Population served by Social Security

In León, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were IMSS (Social Security) (660k), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (433k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (214k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were IMSS (Social Security) (755k) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (462k).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 12.7 %, Men
  • 8.46 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2019, 12.7% of men over 18 years old in Guanajuato perceived security in their state, while 8.46% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 17.5% in the case of men and 11.3% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Guanajuato's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2019, 10.1% of the population of Guanajuato claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 9.19% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 14.6% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 17.3% in the Judges and a 17.1% in the Federal Police, while a 13.5%, a 15.7% and a 8.74% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Guanajuato claimed to feel more confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 3,534, Total complaints
  • Narcomenudeo, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Narcomenudeo (1.39k), Stole (710), and Other Crimes of the Common Law (302), which covered a 68.1% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Dispossession (300%), Simple Violation (140%), and Sexual Harassment (133%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in León were Retail Trade (29,046 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (10,899 unidades), and Other Services except Government Activities (9,892 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.