Mérida

Municipality of Yucatán

2020: 995,129, Population

 2020: US$1.08B, International sales

  2020: US$2.04B, International purchases

Jan-Mar 2022: US$128M, FDI in the State of Yucatán

In 2020, the population in Mérida was 995,129 inhabitants (48.2% men and 51.8% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Mérida increased by 19.8%.

International sales of Mérida in 2020 were US$1.08B, 85% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus (US$236M), Diamonds, whether or not Worked, not Mounted or Set (US$39.9M), and Waste and Scrap of Precious Metal or Plated with Precious Metal (Plated); other Waste and Scrap Containing Precious Metal or Precious Metal Compounds, of a Kind Used Principally for the Recovery of Precious Metal (US$30.7M).

International purchases of Mérida in 2020 were US$2.04B, 44.8% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken (US$511M), Corn (US$279M), and Turbojets, Turbopropellers and other Gas Turbines (US$200M).

Net International Trade

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May, 2022

  • US$176M, International purchases
  • US$67.9M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In may 2022, international sales of Mérida were US$67.9M and a total of US$176M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Mérida it was of -US$108M.

International Sales

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Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus: US$236M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$340M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus (US$236M), Diamonds, whether or not Worked, not Mounted or Set (US$39.9M), and Waste and Scrap of Precious Metal or Plated with Precious Metal (Plated); other Waste and Scrap Containing Precious Metal or Precious Metal Compounds, of a Kind Used Principally for the Recovery of Precious Metal (US$30.7M).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$340M), Cuba (US$38.5M), and Canada (US$35.3M).

International Purchases

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Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken: US$511M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$1.21B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken (US$511M), Corn (US$279M), and Turbojets, Turbopropellers and other Gas Turbines (US$200M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$1.21B), China (US$212M), and Brazil (US$141M).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in may 2022 was Articles of Jewelery and Parts, of Precious Metal or Clad with Precious Metal (Plated) Sus (US$17.2M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$22.7M), Canada (US$3.41M), and United Kingdom (US$1.53M).

The main international purchase in may 2022 was Beans (Beans, Beans, Beans) Soya (Soya), whether or not Broken (US$53.4M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$110M), India (US$10.2M), and China (US$10.2M).

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$128M, FDI Jan-Mar 2022
  • US$3.69B, FDI Jan-1999 to Mar-2022

In the period January to March 2022, FDI in Yucatán reached the US$128M, distributed in equity capital (US$76.3M), reinvestment of earnings (US$47.7M), and inter-company debts (US$4.43M).

From January 1999 and March 2022, Yucatán accumulates a total of US$659B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$2.08B), reinvestment of earnings (US$1.26B), and inter-company debts (US$348M).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Yucatán's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Mar 2022: United States, US$87.5M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Mar-2022: United States, US$1.94B

From January to March de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Yucatán were United States (US$87.5M), Spain (US$19.3M), and Canada (US$8.37M).

Between January 1999 and March 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$1.94B), Spain (US$534M), and Belgium (US$506M).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Yucatán's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The line graph shows the quarterly evolution of income from remittances.

In the first quarter of 2022, registered a remittance amount of US$29.6M.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Mérida were Retail Trade (16,718 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (7,395 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (6,637 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Industrial Parks

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In Mexico there are industrial zones and areas, where the industrial parks are located. An industrial park is a delimited, urbanized land, with all the services, permits and infrastructure for the optimal operation of manufacturing and logistics companies, it offers infrastructure and equipment for the industry, in addition to basic services such as water, electricity and telecommunications, among others.

It operates under internal regulations and has an administration that coordinates security. For an industrial park to be considered as such, it must comply with the Mexican Standard (NMX-R-046-SCFI-2015). This Standard establishes the basic requirements that a real estate development for industrial use must meet.

Industrial Parks

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In 2020, Mérida registers 1 industrial park, 0 micro parks and 0 industrial parks under construction. It is possible to mention Yucatan Industrial Park (30 companies).

Population and Housing

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Mérida 2020: 515,760, Female Population

 Mérida 2020: 479,369, Male Population

The total population of Mérida in 2020 was 995,129 inhabitants, with 51.8% woman, and 48.2% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 20 to 24 years (85,041 inhabitants), 25 to 29 years (82,886 inhabitants), and 30 to 34 years (80,439 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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80k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Mérida.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 80k inhabitants, which corresponds to 8.04% of the total population of Mérida.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Maya (75,487 inhabitants), Ch'ol (1,442 inhabitants), and Tseltal (772 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Mérida in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Mérida in the last 5 years came from United States (2.38k people), Panama (721 people), and Cuba (670 people).

The main causes of migration to Mérida in recent years were family (3k people), living place (1.14k people), and economical (820 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 64.7%, 2022-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 2.2%, 2022-Q1

* The data presented is available to Yucatán's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the first quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Yucatán was 64.7%, which implied a decrease of 0.14 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (64.9%).

The unemployment rate was 2.2 % (26.3k people), which implied an increase of 0.13 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.07%).

Salaries and Workforce

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39.3% Formal - 60.7% Informal: 1.17M, Workforce 2022-Q1

$8.09k MX Formal - $4.16k MX Informal: $5.7k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q1

* The data presented is available to Yucatán's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Yucatán in the first quarter of 2022 was 1.17M people, being  0.33% higher than the previous quarter (1.17M employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2022 it was of $5.7k MX being $488 MX higher than the previous quarter ($5.21k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 40.9 %, Employed women 2022-Q1
  • 59.1 %, Employed men 2022-Q1

* The data presented is available to Yucatán's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In first quarter of 2022, Yucatán had 1,170,340 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2022 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (77.4k), Traders in Stores (44.7k), and Domestic Workers (44.6k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 24.6%, Housing with 4 rooms (2020)
  • 47.7%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 4 and 3 rooms, 24.6% and 22.5%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 47.7% and 30.2%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 30.4, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 19.2, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Mérida, the average travel time from home to work was 30.4 minutes, 79.6% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 8.38% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 19.2 minutes, 94.8% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 3.78% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Mérida according to travel times.

In 2020, 48% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 41.2% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Mérida according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Mérida were Bachelor's Degree (215k people or 28% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (166k people or 21.5% of the total), and Middle School (165k people or 21.5% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Mérida 2020: 2.04%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Mérida in 2020 was 2.04%. Of the total illiterate population, 36.3% corresponded to men and 63.7% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 9.16k, Administration and business

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 8.2k, Administration and business

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (8,196), Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (6,785), and Social Sciences and Law (4,423). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (9,157), Social Sciences and Law (6,827), and Health Sciences (4,023).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Mérida were Laws (5.75k), Accounting and Supervision (4.27k), and Psychology (3.79k).

Health Resources

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Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources by Subcategory

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The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Mérida.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 9.67 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 45.5 %, Population served by Social Security

In Mérida, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (446k), Pharmacy Office (207k), and Another place (156k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (565k) and Not Specified (206k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Mérida were physical disability (28.8k people), visual disability (23.9k people), and disability to remember (11.4k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Mérida. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 23,925 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 56.8% women and 43.2% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 5.64% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 4.02% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Mérida.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Mérida. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Mérida.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Mérida to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $46.8k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $156k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Yucatán's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Yucatán comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Yucatán, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $8.66k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $165k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 35.4%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 64.6%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 304k dwellings were registered. Of these, 35.4% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 64.6% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.6% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 45 a 49 años.

2020: 0.35, GINI in Mérida

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Yucatán, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Abalá (0.280), Bokobá (0.280), Kopomá (0.281), Tetiz (0.283), and Cuzamá (0.284). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Valladolid (0.413), Chichimilá (0.407), Tizimín (0.404), Peto (0.387), and Tekax (0.387).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 2.93%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 22.7%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 22.7% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 2.93% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 33.8%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 9.06%.

The main social deficiencies of Mérida in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 79.8 %, Men
  • 64.6 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Yucatán's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 79.8% of men over 18 years old in Yucatán perceived security in their state, while 64.6% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 89.2% in the case of men and 85.8% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Yucatán's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 20.8% of the population of Yucatán claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 6.68% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 18.7% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 17.2% in the Judges and a 18.8% in the Federal Police, while a 10.1%, a 12.1% and a 10.2% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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April 2022: 153, Total complaints

 April 2022: Damage to Property, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during April 2022 were Damage to Property (34), Threats (28), and Domestic Violence (14), which covered a 49.7% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in April 2021 and April 2022, those with the highest growth were Dispossession (0%), Extortion (0%), and Gender-Based Violence in all its Different Modalities to Family Violence (0%).