Mexicali

Municipality of Baja California

2020: 1,049,792, Population

 2020: US$8.05B, International sales

  2020: US$8.08B, International purchases

2018: $59.2k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Mar 2021: US$295M, FDI in the State of Baja California

About Mexicali

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In 2015, the population in Mexicali was 1,049,792 inhabitants (50.4% men and 49.6% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Mexicali increased by 12.1%.

International sales of Mexicali in 2020 were US$8.05B, -7.63% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$1.65B), Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$781M), and Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$520M).

International purchases of Mexicali in 2020 were US$8.08B, -2.94% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$815M), Diodes, Transistors and Similar Semiconductor (US$788M), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$358M).

In 2015, 23.9% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.73% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 31.8%, while the vulnerable population by income was 8.16%.

In 2020, 3.43% of the population in Mexicali had no access to sewage systems, 0.82% did not have a water supply network, 0.4% did not have a bathroom and 0.68% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Mexicali.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Mexicali. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Mexicali.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Mexicali to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 5 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Then, there are the credits of the Bienestar modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

In recent months, the Empresas Cumplidas credit was created for individuals or legal entities that have fulfilled their tax obligations during 2020 and have maintained at least the average of their workforce in the IMSS during the months of August to October 2020.

Finally, the Mujeres Solidarias credit for individuals who are women, over 18 years of age and who are incorporated into one of the active RIF or RAE tax regimes. In addition, they must not be registered in the UDP bureau, nor have they received financial support from the program in fiscal year 2020.

Credits Collected by Modality

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Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Mexicali, until June 30, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of June 30, 2021, in Baja California according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 5 types of available credits.

In Baja California, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Tijuana (2,844) and Mexicali (2,325). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Tijuana (144) and Mexicali (67). In the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Tijuana (18,794) and Mexicali (12,875).

Regarding the Empresas Cumplidas modality, the municipalities of Mexicali (164) and Tijuana (134) stand out, while in the Mujeres Solidarias modality, Ensenada (87) and Mexicali (85) stand out.

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Electronic Integrated Circuits: US$1.65B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$7.3B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$1.65B), Instruments and Appliances Used in Medical Sciences (US$781M), and Monitors and Projectors, not Incorporating Television Reception Apparatus (US$520M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$7.3B), Netherlands (US$103M), and Hong Kong (US$97.5M).

International Purchases

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Electronic Integrated Circuits: US$815M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$4.36B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$815M), Diodes, Transistors and Similar Semiconductor (US$788M), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$358M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$4.36B), China (US$1.1B), and Singapore (US$491M).

Net International Trade

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February, 2021: US$726M, International purchases

 February, 2021: US$769M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In february 2021, international sales of Mexicali were US$769M and a total of US$726M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Mexicali it was of US$42.8M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in february 2021 was Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$112M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$599M), Colombia (US$21.2M), and France (US$10.1M).

The main international purchase in february 2021 was Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$97.8M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$356M), China (US$151M), and Singapore (US$58.2M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$295M, FDI Jan-Mar 2021
  • US$28.6B, FDI Jan-1999 to Mar-2021

In the period January to March 2021, FDI in Baja California reached the US$295M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$230M), inter-company debts (US$58M), and equity capital (US$6.88M).

From January 1999 and March 2021, Baja California accumulates a total of US$619B in FDI, distributed in inter-company debts (US$14.4B), equity capital (US$9.07B), and reinvestment of earnings (US$5.17B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Baja California's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Mar 2021: United States, US$215M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Mar-2021: United States, US$19.3B

From January to March de 2021, the main origin countries of FDI in Baja California were United States (US$215M), Spain (US$65.6M), and South Korea (US$43.3M).

Between January 1999 and March 2021, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$19.3B), Japan (US$2.52B), and South Korea (US$1.88B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Baja California's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 58.7%, 2021-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 2.55%, 2021-Q1

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Salaries and Workforce

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64.2% Formal - 35.8% Informal: 1.69M, Workforce 2021-Q1

$5.91k MX Formal - $4.02k MX Informal: $5.24k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q1

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Baja California in the first quarter of 2021 was 1.69M people, being  1.95% higher than the previous quarter (1.66M employed) and 0.014% lower than the same period of the previous year (1.69M employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2021 it was of $5.24k MX being $75.5 MX higher than the previous quarter ($5.16k MX) and $426 MX  lower than the same period of the previous year ($5.66k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 39.4 %, Employed women 2021-Q1
  • 60.6 %, Employed men 2021-Q1

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In first quarter of 2021, Baja California had 1,687,734 employed, 0.014% less than the same period of the previous year (1,687,966).

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2021 were Traders in Stores (85k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (78.1k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (62.6k)

Participation Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Baja California. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 49.9%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Unemployment Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Baja California. Along these lines, in June 2020 the unemployment rate was 4.43%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Labor Informality Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Baja California. Along these lines, in June 2020 the rate of labor informality reached 40.8%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

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Mexicali 2020: 520,544, Female Population

 Mexicali 2020: 529,248, Male Population

The total population of Mexicali in 2020 was 1,049,792 inhabitants, with 49.6% woman, and 50.4% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 20 to 24 years (91,917 inhabitants), 15 to 19 years (87,742 inhabitants), and 25 to 29 years (86,787 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25.4% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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5.23k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Mexicali.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 5.23k inhabitants, which corresponds to 0.5% of the total population of Mexicali.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Tarasco (822 inhabitants), Náhuatl (798 inhabitants), and Zapoteco (625 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Mexicali in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Mexicali in the last 5 years came from United States (5.39k people), Guatemala (306 people), and Haiti (135 people).

The main causes of migration to Mexicali in recent years were family (2.2k people), personal (1.08k people), and labor (894 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $59.2k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $156k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Baja California comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Baja California, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $14.3k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $170k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 31.2%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 68.8%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 330k dwellings were registered. Of these, 31.2% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 68.8% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12.4% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 45 a 49 años.

2015: 0.36, GINI in Mexicali

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2015, in Baja California, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Tijuana (0.361), Tecate (0.364), Mexicali (0.365), Playas de Rosarito (0.372), and Ensenada (0.373). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Ensenada (0.373), Playas de Rosarito (0.372), Mexicali (0.365), Tecate (0.364), and Tijuana (0.361).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 1.73%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 23.9%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 23.9% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (3.38% lower than to 2010) and 1.73% in extreme poverty (0.9% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 31.8% (2.95% lower than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 8.16% (1.21% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Mexicali in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 0.82%, (2020)

Population without Electricity: 0.68%, (2020)

Population without Bathroom: 0.4%, (2020)

Population without Sewerage: 3.43%, (2020)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2020.

In 2020, 3.43% of the population in Mexicali did not have access to sewage systems (36k people), 0.82% did not have a water supply network (8.65k people) , 0.4% did not have a bathroom (4.22k people) and 0.68% did not have electricity (7.18k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 27.3%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 45.5%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 27.3% and 25.6%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 45.5% and 28.6%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

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2020: 28.7, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 16.7, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Mexicali, the average travel time from home to work was 28.7 minutes, 87.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 5.1% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 16.7 minutes, 97.5% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 1.76% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Mexicali according to travel times.

In 2020, 36.7% of the population used to walk as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 67.9% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Mexicali according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Mexicali were Middle School (226k people or 28.9% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (192k people or 24.5% of the total), and Bachelor's Degree (164k people or 21% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Mexicali 2020: 1.61%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Mexicali in 2020 was 1.61%. Of the total illiterate population, 49.4% corresponded to men and 50.6% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 5.46k, social sciences and law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 7.84k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (7,835), Business Administration (3,743), and social sciences and law (3,633). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were social sciences and law (5,458), Business Administration (4,916), and Health Sciences (3,842).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Mexicali, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Autónoma De Baja California (24.2k), Instituto Tecnológico De Mexicali (4.17k), and Centro De Enseñanza Técnica Y Superior (2.42k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Mexicali were Law degree (4.53k), Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration (2.24k), and Industrial engineering (2.06k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 138,181, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 2,901, Literate students in 2020

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020 Baja California had 20.1k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 27k students enrolled at intermediate level and 91.1k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Baja California had 123 students who completed the initial literacy course, 722 intermediate literate students and 2.06k students who completed advanced level courses.

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 14.8 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 45.1 %, Population served by Social Security

In Mexicali, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (460k), Pharmacy Office (194k), and SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (151k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (545k) and Not Specified (164k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Mexicali were physical disability (21.5k people), visual disability (18.7k people), and motor disability (9.03k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Mexicali. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 18,650 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 54.7% women and 45.3% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 5.15% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 4.33% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 37.2 %, Men
  • 26.4 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020, 37.2% of men over 18 years old in Baja California perceived security in their state, while 26.4% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 44.9% in the case of men and 28.7% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Baja California's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020, 9.22% of the population of Baja California claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 21.1% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 41.2% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 54.4% in the Judges and a 15.6% in the Federal Police, while a 4.27%, a 2.48% and a 13% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Baja California claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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April 2021

  • 2,690, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during April 2021 were Stole (809), Domestic Violence (363), and Damage to Property (287), which covered a 54.2% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in April 2020 and April 2021, those with the highest growth were Falsification (633%), Fraud (443%), and Failure to Comply with Obligations of Family Assistance (433%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Mexicali were Retail Trade (10,351 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (6,047 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (3,719 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.