México

nation

2015: 119,530,753, Population

 2020: US$346B, International sales

2020: US$334B, International purchases

2020-Q4: 55,880,916, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 4.56 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 55.6 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $49.1k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: US$29.1B, Foreign direct investment

 2020-T4 : $23.4T MX, Gross Domestic Product

In 2015, the population in México was 119,530,753 inhabitants (48.6% men and 51.4% women). Compared to 2010, the population in México increased by 6.41%.

International sales of México in 2020 were US$346B, -8.69% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$40.5B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$32B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$26.8B).

International purchases of México in 2020 were US$334B, -19.4% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$22B), Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$18.8B), and Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals (US$17B).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of México was 55.9M people. The workforce reached 53.3M people (38.9% women and 61.1% men) with an average monthly salary of $4.66k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (3.19M), Traders in Stores (2.7M), and Support Workers in Agriculture (2.41M). México registered 2.55M unemployed (unemployment rate of 4.56%).

In 2015, 36% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 7.96% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 26.6%, while the vulnerable population by income was 7.74%.

In 2015, 6.21% of the population in México had no access to sewage systems, 4.91% did not have a water supply network, 3.55% did not have a bathroom and 1.17% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in México.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in México. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in México.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in México to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

IMSS-Employers

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Credits collected as of January 31, 2021: 185,261, IMSS-Employers

The visualization shows the distribution by state of credits collected in the IMSS-Employers modality until January 31, 2021.

The states with the highest number of credits collected are Ciudad de México (18,827), Jalisco (11,699), and Sinaloa (11,639).

According to company size, to the indicated date,  174,762 credits for companies with 1 to 10 workers have been collected, 7,458 credits for companies with 11 to 20 workers, 2,504 credits for companies with 21 to 50 workers and 537 credits for companies with more than 50 workers.

IMSS-Trabajadores del hogar y Bienestar

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Credits collected until January 31, 2021

  • 11,509, Homeworkers
  • 1,193,433, Bienestar

The visualization shows the distribution by state of credits collected in the IMSS-HomeWorkers modality until January 31, 2021. By clicking on the upper button, it is possible to analyze the distribution of credits collected in the wellness modality on the same date . The chart on the right shows the distribution by sex and age range of the beneficiaries.

The states with the highest number of credits collected in the IMSS-Homeworkers modality are Ciudad de México (1,729), Jalisco (1,114), and Chihuahua (892).

In relation to the credits of the Wellness modality, the states that have received the highest number of credits are Ciudad de México (212,663), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (122,151), and Estado de México (113,955).

International Sales

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Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons: US$40.5B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$295B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$40.5B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$32B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$26.8B).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$295B), Canada (US$9.15B), and China (US$7.6B).

International Purchases

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Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$22B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$160B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$22B), Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$18.8B), and Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals (US$17B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$160B), China (US$71.8B), and South Korea (US$14.2B).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020

  • US$35.4B, International purchases
  • US$42.1B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of México were US$42.1B and a total of US$35.4B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of México was of US$6.68B.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$4B). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$28.1B), Canada (US$826M), and Germany (US$776M).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.88B). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$13.2B), China (US$6.93B), and Japan (US$1.29B).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Mexico, the states with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Ciudad de México (US$92.5B), Chihuahua (US$55.5B), Nuevo León (US$41.4B), Baja California (US$34.3B), and Jalisco (US$25.4B).

In Mexico, the states with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Ciudad de México (US$104B), Chihuahua (US$49.7B), Nuevo León (US$37.6B), Baja California (US$33.3B), and Jalisco (US$27.2B).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$29.1B, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$608B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in México reached the US$29.1B, distributed in Inter-company debts (US$6.58B), Equity Capital (US$6.39B), and Reinvestment of earnings (US$16.1B).

From January 1999 and December 2020, México accumulates a total of US$608B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in Inter-company debts (US$143B), Equity Capital (US$266B), and Reinvestment of earnings (US$198B).

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$11.4B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: United States, US$284B

From January to December 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in México were United States (US$11.4B), Canada (US$4.22B), and Spain (US$4B).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are United States (US$284B), Spain (US$73.4B), and Canada (US$45B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 57.5%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 4.56%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in México was 57.5%, which implied an increase of 1.99 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (55.5%) and a decrease of 2.91 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (60.4%).

The unemployment rate was 4.56 % (2.55M people), which implied a decrease of 0.59 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (5.15%) and an increase of 1.19 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (3.37%).

Salaries and Workforce

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44.4% Formal - 55.6% Informal: 53.3M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$6.1k MX Formal - $3.5k MX Informal: $4.66k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in México in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 53.3M people, being  4.55% higher than the previous quarter (51M employed) and 4.22% lower than the same period of the previous year (55.7M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $4.66k MX being $146 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.51k MX) and $248 MX  higher than the same period of the previous year ($4.41k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 38.9 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 61.1 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, México had 53,331,429 employed, 4.22% less than the same period of the previous year (55,683,450).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (3.19M), Traders in Stores (2.7M), and Support Workers in Agriculture (2.41M)

Labor Informality

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State with Greater Informality: 78.5%, Oaxaca

Industrial Sector With Greater Informality: 94.1%, Accommodation and Food Services

In fourth quarter of 2020 the States with the highest rates of labor informality in Mexico were Oaxaca (78.5%), Guerrero (77.3%), and Chiapas (76.4%).

In the same period, the industrial sectors that registered the highest rates of labor informality were Accommodation and Food Services (94.1%), Construction (84.5%), and Agriculture, Animal Production, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (77.4%).

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 53.1%, the unemployment rate was 5.49% and the rate of labor informality reached 53%.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $49.1k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $147k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in México comparing 2016 and 2018.

In México, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $10.5k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $157k MX in the same period.

General Zuazua: 0.31, Municipality with less inequality

Bacalar: 0.66, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in México, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: General Zuazua (0.31), Ciénega de Flores (0.31), Kinchil (0.32), Apodaca (0.32), and Timucuy (0.32). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Bacalar (0.66), Mezquitic (0.62), Ixtlán de Juárez (0.55), Totatiche (0.55), and Lamadrid (0.55).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 7.96%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 36%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 36% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (1.23% higher than to 2010) and 7.96% in extreme poverty (3.36% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 26.6% (1.47% lower than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 7.74% (1.85% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of México in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and deprivation basic services housing.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 4.91%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 1.17%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 3.55%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 6.21%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 6.21% of the population in México did not have access to sewage systems (232k people), 4.91% did not have a water supply network (183k people) , 3.55% did not have a bathroom (133k people) and 1.17% did not have electricity (43.6k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 25.5%, Housing with 3 rooms (2015)
  • 41.2%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 3 and 4 rooms, 25.5% and 24.2%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 41.2% and 32.1%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 32.9% of all México housings had internet access (10,517,893 housings), 92.9% owned at least one television (29,681,837 housings), 32.6% claimed to have a computer (10,420,107 housings) and 78.5% purchased at least one mobile phone (25,088,926 housings).

Of all México housing, 24.6% had the 4 connectivity elements (7,864,923 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 33.2, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 11.6%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015.

In México, the average travel time from home to work was 33.2 minutes, 79.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 11.6% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of México in 2015 according to travel times.

36.1% of the population uses a bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation, while 6.89% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are bus, taxi, or similar and own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle).

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 1.1M, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 1.28M, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (1,281,940), Business Administration (861,020), and social sciences and law (674,418). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (1,102,600), social sciences and law (987,772), and Health Sciences (736,626).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In México, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Nacional Autónoma De México (497k), Universidad De Guadalajara (260k), and Universidad Autónoma De Nuevo León (246k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in México were Law degree (681k), Industrial engineering (304k), and Degree in psychology (300k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 9,173,336, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 153,991, Literate students in 2020

In 2020, the states with the highest number of adults enrolled in literacy courses of the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) were Chiapas (898,710), Estado de México (832,171), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (640,253).

In the same year, the states with the highest number of adults who completed their literacy studies were Estado de México (11,612), Puebla (11,015), and Coahuila de Zaragoza (9,443).

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In México, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 115k advisers and 10.4k active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 1.47k zone coordination, 7.78k community squares, 226k study areas and 22.4k meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -9.26% (126k in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians decreased -1.57% (10.5k in 2019). The area coordinates more than 6.05% (1.39k in 2019), community squares less than -0.14% (7.79k in 2019), the study areas less than -9.11% (249k in 2019) and meeting areas less than -8.38% (24.5k in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 37.9 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 29.7 %, Population served by Social Security

In México, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (45.2M), IMSS (Social Security) (35.5M), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (16.4M).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (49M) and IMSS (Social Security) (37.1M).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 23 %, Men
  • 16.1 %, Women

In 2019, 23% of men over 18 years old in México perceived security in their state, while 16.1% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 25.3% in the case of men and 18.6% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2019, 9.35% of the population of México claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 17.2% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 10.2% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 12.6% in the Judges and a 17.5% in the Federal Police, while a 20.1%, a 20.6% and a 11.2% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from México claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 153,427, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (48.6k), Domestic Violence (17.4k), and Injury (14.9k), which covered a 52.7% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Child Trafficking (200%), Equated Violation (71.8%), and Electoral (54.2%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in México were Retail Trade (2,092,770 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (681,769 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (637,124 unidades).

The states with the highest number of economic units were Estado de México (624,472 unidades), Ciudad de México (427,959 unidades), and Jalisco (335,120 unidades).

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

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The visualization shows the evolution of the Gross Domestic Product of Mexico by economic sector.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the Gross Domestic Product of the country was $23.4T MX (current values, at current prices, base year 2013. Excludes taxes on products).

The economic sectors that registered the highest Gross Domestic Product in the indicated period were Manufacturing ($4.35T MX), Retail Trade ($2.58T MX), and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing ($2.43T MX).

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($1.32T MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($597B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($573B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($1.6T MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($524B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($319B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 15.9%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 56.6%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services(42.4%), Manufacturing Industries(29.1%), and Retail Trade(22.3%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Financial and Insurance Services (78.1%), Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (72%), and Real Estate and Rental Services of Furniture and Intangible Assets (68.9%).

Environmental Protection Actions by State

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the large economic units of México that carried out separation of their waste by state.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units that carried out waste separation were Quintana Roo (64.8%), Estado de México (60.7%), and Yucatán (59.3%).