México

nation

2020: 126,014,024, Population

 2020: US$359B, International sales

  2020: US$365B, International purchases

2021-Q1: 55,385,133, Economically Active Population

  2021-Q1: 4.35 %, Unemployment rate

 2021-Q1: 55.1 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $49.1k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Mar 2021: US$11.9B, Foreign direct investment

 2020-T4 : $23.2T MX, Gross Domestic Product

In 2015, the population in México was 126,014,024 inhabitants (48.8% men and 51.2% women). Compared to 2010, the population in México increased by 12.2%.

International sales of México in 2020 were US$359B, -9.75% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$40.5B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$32B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$26.8B).

International purchases of México in 2020 were US$365B, -12.2% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$22B), Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$18.8B), and Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals (US$17B).

In the first quarter of 2021, the economically active population of México was 55.4M people. The workforce reached 53M people (38.3% women and 61.7% men) with an average monthly salary of $4.94k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (3.03M), Traders in Stores (2.56M), and Support Workers in Agriculture (2.24M). México registered 2.41M unemployed (unemployment rate of 4.35%).

In 2015, 36% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 7.96% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 26.6%, while the vulnerable population by income was 7.74%.

In 2020, 4.35% of the population in México had no access to sewage systems, 3.36% did not have a water supply network, 2.23% did not have a bathroom and 0.88% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in México.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in México. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in México.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in México to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 5 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Then, there are the credits of the Bienestar modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

In recent months, the Empresas Cumplidas credit was created for individuals or legal entities that have fulfilled their tax obligations during 2020 and have maintained at least the average of their workforce in the IMSS during the months of August to October 2020.

Finally, the Mujeres Solidarias credit for individuals who are women, over 18 years of age and who are incorporated into one of the active RIF or RAE tax regimes. In addition, they must not be registered in the UDP bureau, nor have they received financial support from the program in fiscal year 2020.

IMSS-Employers

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Credits collected as of March 31, 2021: 186,783, IMSS-Employers

The visualization shows the distribution by state of credits collected in the IMSS-Employers modality until March 31, 2021.

The states with the highest number of credits collected are Ciudad de México (19,033), Jalisco (11,769), and Sinaloa (11,725).

According to company size, to the indicated date,  176,157 credits for companies with 1 to 10 workers have been collected, 7,545 credits for companies with 11 to 20 workers, 2,535 credits for companies with 21 to 50 workers and 546 credits for companies with more than 50 workers.

IMSS-Trabajadores del hogar, Bienestar, Empresas Cumplidas y Mujeres Solidarias

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Credits collected until June 30, 2021

  • 11,509, Homeworkers
  • 1,203,335, Bienestar
  • 13,368, Mujeres Solidarias
  • 22,310, Empresas Cumplidas

The visualization shows the distribution by state of credits collected in the IMSS-Trabajadores del Hogar modality until June 30, 2021. By clicking on the upper button, it is possible to analyze the distribution of credits collected in the Bienestar, Empresas Cumplidas y Mujeres Solidarias modality on the same date . The chart on the right shows the distribution by sex and age range of the beneficiaries.

International Sales

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Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons: US$40.5B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$295B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$40.5B), Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$32B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$26.8B).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$295B), Canada (US$9.15B), and China (US$7.6B).

International Purchases

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Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$22B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$160B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$22B), Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$18.8B), and Oils of Petroleum or Bituminous Minerals (US$17B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$160B), China (US$71.8B), and South Korea (US$14.2B).

Net International Trade

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February, 2021: US$30.3B, International purchases

 February, 2021: US$35.5B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In february 2021, international sales of México were US$35.5B and a total of US$30.3B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of México it was of US$5.18B.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in february 2021 was Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$3.45B). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$23.9B), Canada (US$928M), and China (US$666M).

The main international purchase in february 2021 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.88B). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$12.7B), China (US$6.63B), and South Korea (US$1.25B).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Mexico, the states with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Ciudad de México (US$92.5B), Chihuahua (US$55.5B), Nuevo León (US$41.4B), Baja California (US$34.3B), and Jalisco (US$25.4B).

In Mexico, the states with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Ciudad de México (US$104B), Chihuahua (US$49.7B), Nuevo León (US$37.6B), Baja California (US$33.3B), and Jalisco (US$27.2B).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$11.9B, FDI Jan-Mar 2021
  • US$619B, FDI Jan-1999 to Mar-2021

In the period January to March 2021, FDI in México reached the US$11.9B, distributed in Inter-company debts (US$2.63B), Equity Capital (US$2.21B), and Reinvestment of earnings (US$7.03B).

From January 1999 and March 2021, México accumulates a total of US$619B in FDI, distributed in Inter-company debts (US$145B), Equity Capital (US$269B), and Reinvestment of earnings (US$205B).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Mar 2021: United States, US$5.05B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Mar-2021: United States, US$288B

From January to March 2021, the main origin countries of FDI in México were United States (US$5.05B), Spain (US$1.43B), and Luxembourg (US$967M).

Between January 1999 and March 2021, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$288B), Spain (US$74.9B), and Canada (US$45.5B).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 57.1%, 2021-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 4.35%, 2021-Q1

Salaries and Workforce

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44.9% Formal - 55.1% Informal: 53M, Workforce 2021-Q1

$6.48k MX Formal - $3.68k MX Informal: $4.94k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q1

The population employed in México in the first quarter of 2021 was 53M people, being  0.67% lower than the previous quarter (53.3M employed) and 4.3% lower than the same period of the previous year (55.4M employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2021 it was of $4.94k MX being $279 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.66k MX) and $164 MX  higher than the same period of the previous year ($4.77k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 38.3 %, Employed women 2021-Q1
  • 61.7 %, Employed men 2021-Q1

In first quarter of 2021, México had 52,973,270 employed, 4.3% less than the same period of the previous year (55,352,304).

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2021 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (3.03M), Traders in Stores (2.56M), and Support Workers in Agriculture (2.24M)

Labor Informality

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State with Greater Informality: 79.7%, Oaxaca

Industrial Sector With Greater Informality: 84.5%, Construction

In first quarter of 2021 the States with the highest rates of labor informality in Mexico were Oaxaca (79.7%), Guerrero (76.1%), and Chiapas (74.2%).

In the same period, the industrial sectors that registered the highest rates of labor informality were Construction (84.5%), Agriculture, Animal Production, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (78.2%), and Other Services (Except Public Administration) (74.3%).

Participation Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 53.1%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Unemployment Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the unemployment rate was 5.49%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Labor Informality Rate

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The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the rate of labor informality reached 53%.

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico as of May 2021. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

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México 2020: 64,540,634, Female Population

 México 2020: 61,473,390, Male Population

The total population of México in 2020 was 126,014,024 inhabitants, with 51.2% woman, and 48.8% men.

The states with the largest population were Estado de México (16,992,418 inhabitants), Ciudad de México (9,209,944 inhabitants), and Jalisco (8,348,151 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 10 to 14 years (10,943,540 inhabitants), 15 to 19 years (10,806,690 inhabitants), and 5 to 9 years (10,764,379 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25.8% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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7.52M inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of México.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 7.52M inhabitants, which corresponds to 5.97% of the total population of México.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (1,675,036 inhabitants), Maya (800,533 inhabitants), and Tseltal (672,595 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to México in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered México in the last 5 years came from United States (381k people), Venezuela (33.8k people), and Colombia (13.9k people).

The main causes of migration to México in recent years were family (240k people), labor (91.1k people), and living place (67.2k people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $49.1k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $147k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in México comparing 2016 and 2018.

In México, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $10.5k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $157k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 32.6%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 67.4%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 35.2M dwellings were registered. Of these, 32.6% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 67.4% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.5% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 45 a 49 años.

Tlaxcala: 0.373, State with less inequality

Ciudad de México: 0.532, State with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, the states of Mexico with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Tlaxcala (0.373), Estado de México (0.401), Baja California (0.402), Puebla (0.407), and Coahuila de Zaragoza (0.414). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Ciudad de México (0.532), Oaxaca (0.496), Chiapas (0.487), Guerrero (0.482), and Campeche (0.472).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 7.96%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 36%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 36% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (1.23% higher than to 2010) and 7.96% in extreme poverty (3.36% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 26.6% (1.47% lower than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 7.74% (1.85% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of México in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and deprivation basic services housing.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 3.36%, (2020)

Population without Electricity: 0.88%, (2020)

Population without Bathroom: 2.23%, (2020)

Population without Sewerage: 4.35%, (2020)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2020.

In 2020, 4.35% of the population in México did not have access to sewage systems (171k people), 3.36% did not have a water supply network (132k people) , 2.23% did not have a bathroom (87.9k people) and 0.88% did not have electricity (34.7k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 27.2%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 41.9%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 27.2% and 24.4%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 41.9% and 30.3%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

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2020: 34.7, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 19.5, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work or to school in 2020.

In México, the average travel time from home to work was 34.7 minutes, 77.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 11.2% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 19.5 minutes, 94.1% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 4.11% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of México according to travel times.

In 2020, 41.9% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 69.5% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in México according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of México were Middle School (25.8M people or 29.1% of the total), Primary School (20M people or 22.6% of the total), and High School or General Baccalaureate (19.6M people or 22.1% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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México 2020: 4.73%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for México in 2020 was 4.73%. Of the total illiterate population, 39.9% corresponded to men and 60.1% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate by state. You can click on a state to change the population pyramid to the selected state.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance México: 92.7%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in México: 61.9%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the states according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 61.9% of the population of México between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 92.7% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 44.4% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

The states with the highest percentage of the population between 3 and 24 years who attended school were Tabasco (71.9%), Ciudad de México (71.2%), and Sinaloa (70.7%).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 551k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 641k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (640,970), Business Administration (430,510), and social sciences and law (337,209). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (551,300), social sciences and law (493,886), and Health Sciences (368,313).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In México, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Nacional Autónoma De México (248k), Universidad De Guadalajara (130k), and Universidad Autónoma De Nuevo León (123k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in México were Law degree (341k), Industrial engineering (152k), and Degree in psychology (150k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 9,173,336, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 153,991, Literate students in 2020

In 2020, the states with the highest number of adults enrolled in literacy courses of the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) were Chiapas (898,710), Estado de México (832,171), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (640,253).

In the same year, the states with the highest number of adults who completed their literacy studies were Estado de México (11,612), Puebla (11,015), and Coahuila de Zaragoza (9,443).

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In México, the first quarter of 2021 INEA had 102k advisers and 10.3k active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 1.47k zone coordination, 7.75k community squares, 217k study areas and 22.1k meeting areas.

Comparing the first quarter of 2020 and 2021, the number of advisers decreased -14.9% (120k in 2020) and the number of active teaching technicians decreased -0.14% (10.3k in 2020). The area coordinates more than 6.97% (1.38k in 2020), community squares less than -0.22% (7.77k in 2020), the study areas less than -7.52% (234k in 2020) and meeting areas less than -5.69% (23.4k in 2020).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 29.4 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 32.2 %, Population served by Social Security

In México, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (39.6M), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (36.2M), and Pharmacy Office (20M).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (47M) and Pemex, Defense or Marine (35.8M).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of México were physical disability (2.94M people), visual disability (2.69M people), and hearing disability (1.35M people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in México. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 2,691,338 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 55.4% women and 44.6% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 5.42% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 3.9% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 24.8 %, Men
  • 17.9 %, Women

In 2020, 24.8% of men over 18 years old in México perceived security in their state, while 17.9% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the lower class socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (26.5%), while women perceived greater security in the upper socioeconomic stratum (20.4%).

Trust in Authorities

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In 2020, 9.77% of the population of México claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 15.5% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 37.3% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 53.2% in the Judges and a 16.4% in the Federal Police, while a 4.79%, a 2.53% and a 10.7% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from México claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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April 2021

  • 174,355, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during April 2021 were Stole (49.1k), Domestic Violence (23.4k), and Injury (18.3k), which covered a 52% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in April 2020 and April 2021, those with the highest growth were Electoral (7.58k%), Child Trafficking (400%), and Failure to Comply with Obligations of Family Assistance (381%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in México were Retail Trade (2,092,770 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (681,769 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (637,124 unidades).

The states with the highest number of economic units were Estado de México (624,472 unidades), Ciudad de México (427,959 unidades), and Jalisco (335,120 unidades).

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

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The visualization shows the evolution of the Gross Domestic Product of Mexico by economic sector.

In the first quarter of 2021, the Gross Domestic Product of the country was $23.2T MX (current values, at current prices, base year 2013. Excludes taxes on products).

The economic sectors that registered the highest Gross Domestic Product in the indicated period were Manufacturing ($4.45T MX), Real Estate and Rental and Leasing ($2.46T MX), and Wholesale Trade ($2.33T MX).

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($1.32T MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($597B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($573B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($1.6T MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($524B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($319B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 15.9%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 56.6%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services (42.4%), Manufacturing Industries (29.1%), and Retail Trade (22.3%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Financial and Insurance Services (78.1%), Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (72%), and Real Estate and Rental Services of Furniture and Intangible Assets (68.9%).

Environmental Protection Actions by State

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the large economic units of México that carried out separation of their waste by state.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units that carried out waste separation were Quintana Roo (64.8%), Estado de México (60.7%), and Yucatán (59.3%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in México are another problems (22.2%), public insecurity (21.4%), low demand for goods or services (11.6%), and high expenses in service payments (9.73%).

Staff Training by Industries

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The chart shows the percentage of staff who were trained in each industrial sector according to age range. It allows looking at which age ranges companies focus the highest percentages of trained staff.

In the visualization, each level corresponds to an age range of the staff employed in the economic unit, the darker the box, the greater the percentage of staff trained in that age range.