Michoacán de Ocampo

state

2020: 4,748,846, Population

 2020: US$6.69B, International sales

  2020: US$1.97B, International purchases

 2021-Q4 : US$2.04B, Exports

 2022-Q1: 2,203,754, Economically Active Population

  2022-Q1: 1.62 %, Unemployment rate

2022-Q1: 67.1 %, Labor informality rate

Jan-Mar 2022: US$109M, Foreign direct investment

About Michoacán de Ocampo

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In 2020, the population in Michoacán de Ocampo was 4,748,846 inhabitants (48.6% men and 51.4% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Michoacán de Ocampo increased by 9.14%.

International sales of Michoacán de Ocampo in 2020 were US$6.69B, 29.8% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried (US$2.94B), Other Fruit and Nuts, Fresh (US$593M), and Fruit and Nuts, Uncooked or Cooked in Water or Steam, Frozen, whether Added Sugar or other Sweetening Matter (US$281M).

International purchases of Michoacán de Ocampo in 2020 were US$1.97B, 41.2% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Polymers of Propylene or other Olefins, in Primary Forms (US$126M), Flat-Rolled Products of Iron or Non-Alloy (US$58.6M), and Plastics Articles for the Conveyance or Packing of Goods (US$41.5M).

In the first quarter of 2022, the economically active population of Michoacán de Ocampo was 2.2M people. The workforce reached 2.17M people (38.8% women and 61.2% men) with an average monthly salary of $6.35k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (149k), Workers in the Cultivation of Fruit (149k), and Traders in Stores (145k). Michoacán de Ocampo registered 35.7k unemployed (unemployment rate of 1.62%).

Net International Trade

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May, 2022

  • US$194M, International purchases
  • US$484M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In may 2022, international sales of Michoacán de Ocampo were US$484M and a total of US$194M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Michoacán de Ocampo it was of US$290M.

International Sales

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Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried: US$2.94B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$4.24B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried (US$2.94B), Other Fruit and Nuts, Fresh (US$593M), and Fruit and Nuts, Uncooked or Cooked in Water or Steam, Frozen, whether Added Sugar or other Sweetening Matter (US$281M).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$4.24B), Canada (US$198M), and Japan (US$120M).

International Purchases

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Polymers of Propylene or other Olefins, in Primary Forms: US$126M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$319M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Polymers of Propylene or other Olefins, in Primary Forms (US$126M), Flat-Rolled Products of Iron or Non-Alloy (US$58.6M), and Plastics Articles for the Conveyance or Packing of Goods (US$41.5M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$319M), China (US$138M), and Malaysia (US$48.6M).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in may 2022 was Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried (US$321M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$422M), Canada (US$27.2M), and Japan (US$5.08M).

The main international purchase in may 2022 was Polymers of Propylene or other Olefins, in Primary Forms (US$12.6M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$14.7M), China (US$6.73M), and Israel (US$3.57M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Michoacán de Ocampo, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2021 were Uruapan (US$2.21B), Jacona (US$308M), Peribán (US$307M), Zamora (US$291M), and Morelia (US$236M).

In Michoacán de Ocampo, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2021 were Morelia (US$423M), Lázaro Cárdenas (US$292M), Zacapu (US$119M), Uruapan (US$46M), and Jacona (US$20.1M).

Evolution of Exports

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Michoacán de Ocampo

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of Michoacán de Ocampo's exports according to data provided by INEGI. It is also possible to compare the evolution with other states by adding them in the upper selector.

In the fourth quarter of 2021, Michoacán de Ocampo registered US$2.04B in exports, showing an increase de 35.4% compared to the previous quarter.

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$109M, FDI Jan-Mar 2022
  • US$9.76B, FDI Jan-1999 to Mar-2022

In the period January to March 2022, FDI in Michoacán de Ocampo reached the US$109M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$106M), equity capital (US$7.73M), and inter-company debts (-US$5.18M).

From January 1999 and March 2022, Michoacán de Ocampo accumulates a total of US$659B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$4.78B), reinvestment of earnings (US$4B), and inter-company debts (US$975M).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Mar 2022: Spain, US$41.2M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Mar-2022: Luxembourg, US$3.9B

From January to March de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Michoacán de Ocampo were Spain (US$41.2M), United States (US$30.3M), and Hong Kong (Confidential).

Between January 1999 and March 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are Luxembourg (US$3.9B), United States (US$2.49B), and Spain (US$1.19B).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The map shows the distribution of remittance income in the municipalities of Michoacán de Ocampo. The lineplot shows the quarterly evolution of remittance income.

In the first quarter of 2022, the municipalities of Michoacán de Ocampo with the highest income from remittances were list Morelia (US$132M), La Piedad (US$61.5M), and Zamora (US$55.6M).

Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

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The visualization compares the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the income from remittances.

During 2022, a total amount of remittances of US$1.17B is accumulated, while the FDI accumulated in the year reaches US$109M.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Michoacán de Ocampo were Retail Trade (97,473 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (37,608 unidades), and Other Services except Government Activities (29,656 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($53.4B MX companies), Retail Trade ($15.9B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($14.9B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($20.2B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($10.8B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($6.35B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 14.5%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 60%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services (58.8%), Other Services except Government Activities (35.6%), and Manufacturing Industries (24.9%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Financial and Insurance Services (86.3%), Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (83.7%), and Transportation and Storage (71%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 47.7% of the large economic in Michoacán de Ocampo separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (87.7%), plastic (74%), and organic waste (44.4%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Michoacán de Ocampo are another problems (27.3%), public insecurity (15.1%), low demand for goods or services (12.2%), and high costs of raw materials (10.8%).

Industrial Parks

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In Mexico there are industrial zones and areas, where the industrial parks are located. An industrial park is a delimited, urbanized land, with all the services, permits and infrastructure for the optimal operation of manufacturing and logistics companies, it offers infrastructure and equipment for the industry, in addition to basic services such as water, electricity and telecommunications, among others.

It operates under internal regulations and has an administration that coordinates security. For an industrial park to be considered as such, it must comply with the Mexican Standard (NMX-R-046-SCFI-2015). This Standard establishes the basic requirements that a real estate development for industrial use must meet.

Industrial Parks

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In 2020, Michoacán de Ocampo registers 0 industrial parks, 0 micro parks and 3 industrial parks under construction.

The industrial park registered in Michoacán de Ocampo corresponds to .

Population and Housing

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Michoacán de Ocampo 2020: 2,442,505, Female Population

 Michoacán de Ocampo 2020: 2,306,341, Male Population

The total population of Michoacán de Ocampo in 2020 was 4,748,846 inhabitants, with 51.4% woman, and 48.6% men.

The municipalities of Michoacán de Ocampo with the highest population were Morelia (849,053 inhabitants), Uruapan (356,786 inhabitants), and Zamora (204,860 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 5 to 9 years (441,618 inhabitants), 0 to 4 years (429,837 inhabitants), and 10 to 14 years (426,869 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 27.3% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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147k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Michoacán de Ocampo.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 147k inhabitants, which corresponds to 3.09% of the total population of Michoacán de Ocampo.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Tarasco (127,404 inhabitants), Náhuatl (9,098 inhabitants), and Mixteco (4,346 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Michoacán de Ocampo in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Michoacán de Ocampo in the last 5 years came from United States (27.3k people), Venezuela (370 people), and Cuba (236 people).

The main causes of migration to Michoacán de Ocampo in recent years were family (15.7k people), labor (4.77k people), and living place (3.59k people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

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People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 94.7k, Migrants to Michoacán de Ocampo

Main state of origin of migrants: 15.9%, Guerrero

The charts shows the internal immigration to Michoacán de Ocampo in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Michoacán de Ocampo come from Guerrero (15k people, 15.9% of all migrants), Estado de México (14.1k people, 14.9% of all migrants), and Jalisco (11.6k people, 12.2% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 59.4%, 2022-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 1.62%, 2022-Q1

In the first quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Michoacán de Ocampo was 59.4%, which implied an increase of 0.3 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (59.1%).

The unemployment rate was 1.62 % (35.7k people), which implied a decrease of 0.92 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.54%).

Salaries and Workforce

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32.9% Formal - 67.1% Informal: 2.17M, Workforce 2022-Q1

$8.79k MX Formal - $5.16k MX Informal: $6.35k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q1

The population employed in Michoacán de Ocampo in the first quarter of 2022 was 2.17M people, being  2.7% higher than the previous quarter (2.11M employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2022 it was of $6.35k MX being $218 MX higher than the previous quarter ($6.13k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 38.8 %, Employed women 2022-Q1
  • 61.2 %, Employed men 2022-Q1

In first quarter of 2022, Michoacán de Ocampo had 2,168,027 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2022 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (149k), Workers in the Cultivation of Fruit (149k), and Traders in Stores (145k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 30.8%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 40.1%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 30.8% and 25.7%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 40.1% and 28.5%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 24.7, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 16.9, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Michoacán de Ocampo, the average travel time from home to work was 24.7 minutes, 80.8% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 5.53% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 16.9 minutes, 95.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 2.7% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Michoacán de Ocampo according to travel times.

In 2020, 34.5% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 60.2% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Michoacán de Ocampo according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Michoacán de Ocampo were Primary School (1.02M people or 32% of the total), Middle School (899k people or 28.3% of the total), and High School or General Baccalaureate (590k people or 18.6% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Michoacán de Ocampo 2020: 7.02%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Michoacán de Ocampo in 2020 was 7.02%. Of the total illiterate population, 45.1% corresponded to men and 54.9% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Michoacán de Ocampo. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance Michoacán de Ocampo: 90.4%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Michoacán de Ocampo: 60.5%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 60.5% of the population of Michoacán de Ocampo between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 90.4% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 38.1% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 17.8k, Administration and business

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 19.6k, Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (19,576), Administration and business (13,644), and Social Sciences and Law (11,090). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (17,784), Social Sciences and Law (15,733), and Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (10,362).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Michoacán de Ocampo were Laws (15.3k), Business Administration (9.41k), and Accounting and Supervision (7.01k).

Health Resources

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Distribution of Health Units

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The map shows el número de unidades de salud in the municipalities of Michoacán de Ocampo.

With the top selectors you can see the distribution of health establishments by type of establishments and institution.

Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources

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The map shows the number of Health Centers in the municipalities of Michoacán de Ocampo.

You can view this distribution in different years by changing the option selected in the button above.

Health Resources by Subcategory

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The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Michoacán de Ocampo.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 31.9 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 21.7 %, Population served by Social Security

In Michoacán de Ocampo, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (1.48M), Pharmacy Office (1.12M), and IMSS (Social Security) (1.01M).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Not Specified (1.6M) and Pemex, Defense or Marine (1.51M).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Michoacán de Ocampo were physical disability (131k people), visual disability (107k people), and hearing disability (56.7k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Michoacán de Ocampo. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 106,925 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 56.1% women and 43.9% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 6.41% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 85 or more years concentrated the 4.46% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Cost of Treatments by Hospital Level

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The line graph shows the evolution of total average cost of COVID-19 treatment by hospital level. The table provides details of the total cost and days of treatment by patient. You can select a date on the line chart to filter the data in the table.

In July 2021, the total average cost according to hospital level was: medium ($78k MX).

Supplies Cost in Private Hospitals

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The graph shows the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19. These include treatments, devices, services and drugs. This cost is regardless of the presentation and dose of the drug. Also, hospitals vary in the way they report supplies, and only the supplies of interest for this first scope are approved. It is important to highlight that the medicines correspond to the cut-off period of the database from March 2020 to July 2021, and that the use of drugs has changed over time to greater knowledge of the treatment of Covid-19.

In July 2021, the medical supplies of interest with the highest average unit cost were .

Evolution of Supplies Costs in Private Hospitals

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DROPROPIZINA
CEFTRIAXONA
ENOXAPARINA

The graph shows the evolution of the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19 in private hospitals. The data shows total costs per input regardless of the presentation, and dose of the drug.

You can add or remove medical supplies from the graph or analyze the number of supplies used by changing the options in the upper selectors.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Michoacán de Ocampo.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Michoacán de Ocampo. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Michoacán de Ocampo.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Michoacán de Ocampo to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $46.4k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $127k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Michoacán de Ocampo comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Michoacán de Ocampo, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $11.1k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $138k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

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Total current quarterly household income: $61.2B MX, Michoacán de Ocampo 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $42.5B MX, Michoacán de Ocampo 2020

In Michoacán de Ocampo, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $61.2B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (64.3%) and transfers (18.4%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $42.5B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (38.4%), transport (18.1%), and education (8.06%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

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Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 54.4%. The expense that decreased the most was education, in a -30.6%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was property rent, in a 20%. The income that decreased the most was others current income, in a -39.1%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 32%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 68%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 1.28M dwellings were registered. Of these, 32% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 68% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 10.8% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 40 a 44 años.

Buenavista: 0.278, Municipality with less inequality

Cherán: 0.400, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Michoacán de Ocampo, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Buenavista (0.278), Tepalcatepec (0.278), Tlazazalca (0.285), Tancítaro (0.285), and Churintzio (0.287). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Cherán (0.400), Zitácuaro (0.386), Pátzcuaro (0.386), Paracho (0.384), and Angangueo (0.383).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 8.41%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 37.2%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 37.2% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 8.41% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 35%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 4.82%.

The main social deficiencies of Michoacán de Ocampo in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and educational backwardness.

Public Spending

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Basic Concepts

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The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

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The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2021: $65.8B MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $1.2B MX, Government

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2021, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $65.8B MX (corresponding to 65.4% of the total budget), others not classified in previous functions with $28.9B MX (corresponding to 28.7% of the total budget), economic development with $4.68B MX (corresponding to 4.65% of the total budget), and government with $1.2B MX (corresponding to 1.19% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2021: $43.8B MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2021: $2.6M MX, Current expenditure (subsidies)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2021 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $43.8B MX (corresponding to 43.6% of the total budget), participations with $28.8B MX (corresponding to 28.7% of the total budget), and pensions and retirements with $20.2B MX (corresponding to 20.1% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

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The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2021 according to the administrative classification were Federal Contributions for States and Municipalities with $32.3B MX (corresponding to 32.1% of the total budget), Participations to Federal Entities and Municipalities with $28.9B MX (corresponding to 28.7% of the total budget), and Mexican Social Security Institute with $19B MX (corresponding to 18.9% of the total budget).

Derechohabientes

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Infonavit Credits

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The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Michoacán de Ocampo, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In March 2022, 440 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $186M MX.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 19.9 %, Men
  • 15.3 %, Women

In 2021, 19.9% of men over 18 years old in Michoacán de Ocampo perceived security in their state, while 15.3% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 23.8% in the case of men and 19.8% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2021, 8.72% of the population of Michoacán de Ocampo claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 21.5% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 12.2% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 14.9% in the Judges and a 10.7% in the Federal Police, while a 16.9%, a 23.1% and a 21.6% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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April 2022: 3,675, Total complaints

 April 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during April 2022 were Stole (862), Injury (671), and Threats (402), which covered a 52.7% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in April 2021 and April 2022, those with the highest growth were Femicide (300%), Abortion (100%), and Crimes Committed by Public Servants (50%).

Price Variations

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The graph shows the average quarterly variations of wholesale prices of some some agricultural market products.

You can review the variations for other agri-food markets and different periods by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

*Reference prices.

Price Evolution

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The graph shows the average quarterly evolution of the wholesale price of the product selected in the upper buttons, in addition to the quarterly percentage variation of the price.

*Reference prices.