Oaxaca

state

2015: 3,967,889, Population

2020-S1: -2.04, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$130M, International sales

2020: US$11M, International purchases

2020-Q4: 1,880,398, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 1.68 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 78.5 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $31.6k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: US$261M, Foreign direct investment

In 2015, the population in Oaxaca was 3,967,889 inhabitants (47.6% men and 52.4% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Oaxaca increased by 4.36%.

International sales of Oaxaca in 2020 were US$130M, 50.9% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Other Vegetables, Fresh or Chilled (US$51.2M), Undenatured Ethyl Alcohol Alcohol Content Volume of less than 80% (US$39.2M), and Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried (US$24.7M).

International purchases of Oaxaca in 2020 were US$11M, -34.6% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Plates, Sheets and Strip, Noncellular and not Reinforced (US$1.41M), Tires of Rubber (US$1.07M), and Parts and Accessories of Vehicles of Headings 8711 to 8713 (US$537k).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of Oaxaca was 1.88M people. The workforce reached 1.85M people (41.7% women and 58.3% men) with an average monthly salary of $3.16k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Support Workers in Agriculture (215k), Workers in the Corn and / or Bean (209k), and Traders in Stores (90.6k). Oaxaca registered 31.7k unemployed (unemployment rate of 1.68%).

In 2015, 43.3% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 24.8% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 20.1%, while the vulnerable population by income was 2.64%.

In 2015, 23.9% of the population in Oaxaca had no access to sewage systems, 12.8% did not have a water supply network, 13% did not have a bathroom and 3.16% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Oaxaca.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Oaxaca. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Oaxaca.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Oaxaca to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

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64,201, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Oaxaca, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Oaxaca according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Oaxaca, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Oaxaca de Juárez (1,314), San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec (322), and Santa María Huatulco (219). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Oaxaca de Juárez (110), Juchitán de Zaragoza (7), and San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec (5). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Oaxaca de Juárez (5,223), Juchitán de Zaragoza (4,290), and Salina Cruz (3,739).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Other Vegetables, Fresh or Chilled: US$51.2M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$119M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Other Vegetables, Fresh or Chilled (US$51.2M), Undenatured Ethyl Alcohol Alcohol Content Volume of less than 80% (US$39.2M), and Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried (US$24.7M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$119M), Canada (US$4.27M), and Germany (US$1.24M).

International Purchases

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Plates, Sheets and Strip, Noncellular and not Reinforced: US$1.41M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$4.51M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Plates, Sheets and Strip, Noncellular and not Reinforced (US$1.41M), Tires of Rubber (US$1.07M), and Parts and Accessories of Vehicles of Headings 8711 to 8713 (US$537k).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$4.51M), China (US$3.15M), and Italy (US$997k).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020: US$12.8M, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$3.85M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Oaxaca were US$3.85M and a total of US$12.8M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Oaxaca it was of -US$8.93M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Undenatured Ethyl Alcohol Alcohol Content Volume of less than 80% (US$4.17M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$5.34M), Australia (US$143k), and Germany (US$59.8k).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Machinery for Sorting, Separating, Washing, Crushing, Crushing, Grinding, Mixing or Kneading Earth, Stone or other Mineral Solid (US$85.3k). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$124k), Spain (US$19.1k), and Italy (US$13.3k).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Oaxaca, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Santiago Matatlán (US$11.6M), Oaxaca de Juárez (US$11.2M), Salina Cruz (US$1.43M), San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec (US$765k), and San Dionisio Ocotepec (US$637k).

In Oaxaca, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Oaxaca de Juárez (US$6.82M), San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec (US$983k), Salina Cruz (US$375k), Santa María Huatulco (US$166k), and Santiago Matatlán (US$63.4k).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$261M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$6.32B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Oaxaca reached the US$261, distributed in inter-company debts (US$235M), reinvestment of earnings (US$33.8M), and equity capital (-US$8.19M).

From January 1999 and December 2020, Oaxaca accumulates a total of US$6.32B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in equity capital (US$2.53B), inter-company debts (US$2B), and reinvestment of earnings (US$1.8B).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: Canada, US$143M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: Spain, US$1.89B

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Oaxaca were Canada (US$143M), Italy (Confidential), and United States (US$35.5M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are Spain (US$1.89B), Belgium (US$1.66B), and United States (US$1.18B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 61.4%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 1.68%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Oaxaca was 61.4%, which implied an increase of 2.42 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (59%) and a decrease of 2.36 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (63.7%).

The unemployment rate was 1.68 % (31.7k people), which implied a decrease of 1.38 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (3.07%) and a decrease of 0.33 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (2.02%).

Salaries and Workforce

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21.5% Formal - 78.5% Informal: 1.85M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$5.59k MX Formal - $2.49k MX Informal: $3.16k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in Oaxaca in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 1.85M people, being  6.64% higher than the previous quarter (1.73M employed) and 0.095% higher than the same period of the previous year (1.85M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $3.16k MX being $116 MX lower than the previous quarter ($3.28k MX) and $380 MX  higher than the same period of the previous year ($2.78k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 41.7 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 58.3 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, Oaxaca had 1,848,733 employed, 0.095% more than the same period of the previous year (1,846,973).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Support Workers in Agriculture (215k), Workers in the Corn and / or Bean (209k), and Traders in Stores (90.6k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Oaxaca. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 54.7%, the unemployment rate was 12.8% and the rate of labor informality reached 47.8%.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $31.6k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $106k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Oaxaca comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Oaxaca, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $5.31k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $111k MX in the same period.

San Antonio Acutla: 0.33, Municipality with less inequality

Ixtlán de Juárez: 0.55, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Oaxaca, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: San Antonio Acutla (0.33), San Jerónimo Taviche (0.34), San Pedro Mixtepec (0.34), San Juan Juquila Vijanos (0.34), and Santa María Apazco (0.34). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Ixtlán de Juárez (0.55), Constancia del Rosario (0.53), San Juan Cacahuatepec (0.51), Santiago Juxtlahuaca (0.51), and Huautla de Jiménez (0.5).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 24.8%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 43.3%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 43.3% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (5.56% higher than to 2010) and 24.8% in extreme poverty (4.44% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 20.1% (2.1% lower than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 2.64% (1.35% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Oaxaca in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation basic services housing and deprivation food access.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 12.8%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 3.16%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 13%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 23.9%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 23.9% of the population in Oaxaca did not have access to sewage systems (948k people), 12.8% did not have a water supply network (509k people) , 13% did not have a bathroom (518k people) and 3.16% did not have electricity (125k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 26.6%, Housing with 2 rooms (2015)
  • 44.8%, Housing with 1 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 2 and 3 rooms, 26.6% and 26%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 1 and 2 bedrooms, 44.8% and 34%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 13.6% of all Oaxaca housings had internet access (142,114 housings), 74.1% owned at least one television (772,795 housings), 16.2% claimed to have a computer (169,370 housings) and 54.1% purchased at least one mobile phone (564,795 housings).

Of all Oaxaca housing, 9.54% had the 4 connectivity elements (99,594 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 32.2, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 10.7%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Oaxaca, the average travel time from home to work was 32.2 minutes, 75.7% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 10.7% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Oaxaca in 2015 according to travel times.

43.6% of the population uses a walking as the main means of transportation, while 3.23% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are walking and bus, taxi, or similar.

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 20.5k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 21.1k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (21,086), Business Administration (13,404), and social sciences and law (9,456). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (20,484), Health Sciences (19,270), and social sciences and law (11,496).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Oaxaca, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez De Oaxaca (41.5k), Instituto Tecnológico De Oaxaca (13.7k), and Instituto Tecnológico Del Istmo (6.67k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Oaxaca were Law degree (13.2k), Degree in nursing (11.7k), and Bussines managment's engineering (8.04k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 606,333, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 7,707, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Oaxaca had 115k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 217k students enrolled at intermediate level and 275k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Oaxaca had 2.03k students who completed the initial literacy course, 2.32k intermediate literate students and 3.36k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Oaxaca, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 7.99k advisers and 522 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 81 zone coordination, 397 community squares, 17.4k study areas and 2.13k meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -5.43% (8.45k in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians changed 0% (522 in 2019). The area coordinates more than 3.85% (78 in 2019), community squares less than -0.75% (400 in 2019), the study areas less than -6.29% (18.6k in 2019) and meeting areas less than -4.19% (2.22k in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 55.8 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 16.4 %, Population served by Social Security

In Oaxaca, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (2.21M), IMSS (Social Security) (653k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (493k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (2.52M) and Does not Seek Attention (670k).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 28.9 %, Men
  • 20.1 %, Women

In 2019, 28.9% of men over 18 years old in Oaxaca perceived security in their state, while 20.1% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the upper sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 35% in the case of men and 30.5% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2019, 12.7% of the population of Oaxaca claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 9.29% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 10.2% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 10.9% in the Judges and a 16% in the Federal Police, while a 15.9%, a 20.4% and a 7.77% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Oaxaca claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 3,298, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (912), Domestic Violence (565), and Injury (368), which covered a 55.9% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Femicide (400%), Extortion (150%), and Other Crimes against Property (125%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Oaxaca were Retail Trade (87,019 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (52,023 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (32,301 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Retail Trade ($11.1B MX companies), Manufacturing Industries ($7.48B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($7.46B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($12B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($5.39B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($3.18B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 7.22%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 71.4%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services(40.4%), Manufacturing Industries(32.7%), and Retail Trade(20.7%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Corporate (100%), Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (91.8%), and Mass Media Information (88.9%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 36.8% of the large economic in Oaxaca separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (78.9%), plastic (78.7%), and organic waste (38.4%).