Puebla

state

2015: 6,168,883, Population

2020-S1: -0.59, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$14.2B, International sales

2020: US$9.02B, International purchases

2020-Q4: 2,899,694, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 6.1 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 73.7 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $39k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: US$591M, Foreign direct investment

In 2015, the population in Puebla was 6,168,883 inhabitants (47.7% men and 52.3% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Puebla increased by 6.73%.

International sales of Puebla in 2020 were US$14.2B, -20.2% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$9.24B), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.81B), and Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases (US$652M).

International purchases of Puebla in 2020 were US$9.02B, -26.8% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.91B), Initiators and Reaction Accelerators and Catalytic Preparations, not Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$1.12B), and Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$945M).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of Puebla was 2.9M people. The workforce reached 2.72M people (40.5% women and 59.5% men) with an average monthly salary of $3.29k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Support Workers in Agriculture (314k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (167k), and Traders in Stores (152k). Puebla registered 177k unemployed (unemployment rate of 6.1%).

In 2015, 50% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 10.9% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 22%, while the vulnerable population by income was 6.11%.

In 2015, 8.25% of the population in Puebla had no access to sewage systems, 6.65% did not have a water supply network, 5.5% did not have a bathroom and 1.01% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Puebla.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Puebla. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Puebla.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Puebla to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

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80,122, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Puebla, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Puebla according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Puebla, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Puebla (3,880), Venustiano Carranza (937), and Tehuacán (515). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Puebla (161), Venustiano Carranza (71), and Tehuacán (16). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Puebla (11,484), Tehuacán (8,600), and San Martín Texmelucan (3,454).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons: US$9.24B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$8.68B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$9.24B), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.81B), and Apparatus for Filtering or Purifying Liquids or Gases (US$652M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$8.68B), Germany (US$2.86B), and Canada (US$735M).

International Purchases

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Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$1.91B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$2.27B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$1.91B), Initiators and Reaction Accelerators and Catalytic Preparations, not Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$1.12B), and Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$945M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$2.27B), Germany (US$1.91B), and China (US$637M).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020: US$989M, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$1.42B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Puebla were US$1.42B and a total of US$989M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Puebla it was of US$433M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$761M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$912M), Germany (US$314M), and China (US$57.5M).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$149M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were Germany (US$179M), United States (US$171M), and Hungary (US$54.5M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Puebla, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Cuautlancingo (US$6.92B), Puebla (US$1.48B), Huejotzingo (US$508M), Amozoc (US$236M), and Tehuacán (US$167M).

In Puebla, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Cuautlancingo (US$5.49B), Puebla (US$1.17B), Huejotzingo (US$556M), San Andrés Cholula (US$311M), and Amozoc (US$177M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$591M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$16.5B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Puebla reached the US$591, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$592M), equity capital (US$80.4M), and inter-company debts (-US$81.3M).

From January 1999 and December 2020, Puebla accumulates a total of US$16.5B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in equity capital (US$6.72B), reinvestment of earnings (US$6.09B), and inter-company debts (US$3.69B).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$180M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: Germany, US$5.82B

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Puebla were United States (US$180M), Spain (US$134M), and Canada (US$131M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are Germany (US$5.82B), United States (US$5.03B), and Spain (US$2.22B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 59.3%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 6.1%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Puebla was 59.3%, which implied an increase of 1.82 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (57.5%) and a decrease of 2.36 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (61.6%).

The unemployment rate was 6.1 % (177k people), which implied an increase of 1.42 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (4.69%) and an increase of 3.56 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (2.54%).

Salaries and Workforce

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26.3% Formal - 73.7% Informal: 2.72M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$4.85k MX Formal - $2.74k MX Informal: $3.29k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in Puebla in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 2.72M people, being  3.39% higher than the previous quarter (2.63M employed) and 5.4% lower than the same period of the previous year (2.88M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $3.29k MX being $191 MX higher than the previous quarter ($3.1k MX) and $52 MX  lower than the same period of the previous year ($3.35k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 40.5 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 59.5 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, Puebla had 2,722,704 employed, 5.4% less than the same period of the previous year (2,878,209).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Support Workers in Agriculture (314k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (167k), and Traders in Stores (152k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Puebla. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 54.3%, the unemployment rate was 3.07% and the rate of labor informality reached 66.5%.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $39k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $108k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Puebla comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Puebla, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $9.15k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $117k MX in the same period.

Tlacuilotepec: 0.35, Municipality with less inequality

Tecomatlán: 0.49, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Puebla, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Tlacuilotepec (0.35), Xochiltepec (0.35), Jalpan (0.35), Tepeyahualco de Cuauhtémoc (0.35), and Naupan (0.35). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Tecomatlán (0.49), Teteles de Avila Castillo (0.48), Caxhuacan (0.47), Chiautla (0.47), and Tehuitzingo (0.47).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 10.9%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 50%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 50% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (5.59% higher than to 2010) and 10.9% in extreme poverty (6.09% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 22% (0.35% higher than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 6.11% (0.54% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Puebla in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation basic services housing and deprivation food access.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 6.65%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 1.01%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 5.5%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 8.25%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 8.25% of the population in Puebla did not have access to sewage systems (509k people), 6.65% did not have a water supply network (410k people) , 5.5% did not have a bathroom (339k people) and 1.01% did not have electricity (62.6k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 25.2%, Housing with 3 rooms (2015)
  • 37.8%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 3 and 4 rooms, 25.2% and 21.7%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 37.8% and 37.1%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 22.9% of all Puebla housings had internet access (355,968 housings), 90.3% owned at least one television (1,403,667 housings), 23.8% claimed to have a computer (369,232 housings) and 69.5% purchased at least one mobile phone (1,079,287 housings).

Of all Puebla housing, 17% had the 4 connectivity elements (263,561 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 32.3, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 10%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Puebla, the average travel time from home to work was 32.3 minutes, 79.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 10% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Puebla in 2015 according to travel times.

38.2% of the population uses a bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation, while 3.86% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are bus, taxi, or similar and walking.

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 64.9k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 82.8k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (82,766), Business Administration (47,024), and social sciences and law (41,900). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (64,908), social sciences and law (60,262), and Health Sciences (57,120).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Puebla, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Benemérita Universidad Autónoma De Puebla (171k), Instituto De Estudios Universitarios, A.C. (38.8k), and Universidad Popular Autónoma Del Estado De Puebla (27.3k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Puebla were Law degree (41.4k), Degree in psychology (21.1k), and Industrial engineering (19.1k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 587,416, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 11,015, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Puebla had 156k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 197k students enrolled at intermediate level and 235k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Puebla had 2.56k students who completed the initial literacy course, 2.74k intermediate literate students and 5.72k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Puebla, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 5.91k advisers and 480 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 51 zone coordination, 378 community squares, 12.2k study areas and 395 meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -6.16% (6.3k in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 0.63% (477 in 2019). The area coordinates more than 6.25% (48 in 2019), community squares less than -8.92% (415 in 2019), the study areas less than -6.82% (13.1k in 2019) and meeting areas less than -7.28% (426 in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 46.8 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 19.1 %, Population served by Social Security

In Puebla, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (2.88M), IMSS (Social Security) (1.18M), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (1.18M).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (3.42M) and Does not Seek Attention (1.22M).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 13.1 %, Men
  • 8.13 %, Women

In 2019, 13.1% of men over 18 years old in Puebla perceived security in their state, while 8.13% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 15.8% in the case of men and 8.88% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2019, 7.74% of the population of Puebla claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 15.8% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 6.82% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 8.12% in the Judges and a 13.3% in the Federal Police, while a 22.4%, a 23.9% and a 11% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Puebla claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 5,643, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (2.31k), Domestic Violence (728), and Injury (450), which covered a 61.8% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Failure to Comply with Obligations of Family Assistance (2.7k%), Narcomenudeo (275%), and Falsification (147%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Puebla were Retail Trade (134,900 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (50,091 unidades), and Other Services except Government Activities (36,606 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($149B MX companies), Retail Trade ($24.9B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($19.9B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($190B MX companies), To the Wholesale Trade ($12.2B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($11.2B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 15.1%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 62.3%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services(45.6%), Manufacturing Industries(26.5%), and Retail Trade(21.2%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Mining (88.4%), Financial and Insurance Services (80.1%), and Support Services to Business and Waste Management and Waste and Remediation Services (77.3%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 52.6% of the large economic in Puebla separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (89.5%), plastic (74.8%), and metal (42.7%).