Puebla

municipality

2015: 1,576,259, Population

 2020: US$1.07B, International sales

2020: US$958M, International purchases

2018: $39k MX, Average quarterly current income

In 2015, the population in Puebla was 1,576,259 inhabitants (47.4% men and 52.6% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Puebla increased by 2.37%.

International sales of Puebla in 2020 were US$1.07B, 8.26% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$446M), Bread, Pastry, Cakes, Biscuits, other Bakers' Wares; empty Cachets Suitable for Pharmaceutical Use, Rice Paper and Similar Products (US$222M), and Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$130M).

International purchases of Puebla in 2020 were US$958M, -31.4% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$214M), Ball Bearings, Needles or Roller (US$97M), and Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$55.7M).

In 2015, 36.9% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 3.76% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 26.3%, while the vulnerable population by income was 10.5%.

In 2015, 1.1% of the population in Puebla had no access to sewage systems, 2.89% did not have a water supply network, 0.83% did not have a bathroom and 0.17% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

#permalink to section
info-sign
Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Puebla.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Puebla. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Puebla.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Puebla to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

#permalink to section

The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

#permalink to section

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Puebla, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Puebla according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Puebla, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Puebla (3,880), Venustiano Carranza (937), and Tehuacán (515). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Puebla (161), Venustiano Carranza (71), and Tehuacán (16). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Puebla (11,484), Tehuacán (8,600), and San Martín Texmelucan (3,454).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

#permalink to section
info-sign

Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$446M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$873M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$446M), Bread, Pastry, Cakes, Biscuits, other Bakers' Wares; empty Cachets Suitable for Pharmaceutical Use, Rice Paper and Similar Products (US$222M), and Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$130M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$873M), Japan (US$55.8M), and China (US$27.6M).

International Purchases

#permalink to section
info-sign

Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$214M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$270M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$214M), Ball Bearings, Needles or Roller (US$97M), and Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$55.7M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$270M), Germany (US$168M), and China (US$130M).

Net International Trade

#permalink to section
info-sign

December, 2020: US$147M, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$193M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Puebla were US$193M and a total of US$147M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Puebla it was of US$45.5M.

Monthly International Trade

#permalink to section
info-sign

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Bread, Pastry, Cakes, Biscuits, other Bakers' Wares; empty Cachets Suitable for Pharmaceutical Use, Rice Paper and Similar Products (US$72.3M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$140M), Japan (US$5.4M), and Canada (US$3.12M).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$22.6M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$30.8M), Germany (US$16.4M), and China (US$12.9M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section
info-sign

  • US$591M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$16.5B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Puebla's state.

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Puebla reached the US$0, distributed in .

From January 1999 and December 2020, Puebla accumulates a total of US$16.5B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in .

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section
info-sign

Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$180M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: Germany, US$5.82B

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Puebla's state.

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Puebla were United States (US$180M), Spain (US$134M), and Canada (US$131M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are Germany (US$5.82B), United States (US$5.03B), and Spain (US$2.22B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

#permalink to section
info-sign

Economically Active Population: 59.3%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 6.1%, 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Puebla was 59.3%, which implied an increase of 1.82 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (57.5%) and a decrease of 2.36 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (61.6%).

The unemployment rate was 6.1 % (177k people), which implied an increase of 1.42 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (4.69%) and an increase of 3.56 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (2.54%).

Salaries and Workforce

#permalink to section

26.3% Formal - 73.7% Informal: 2.72M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$4.85k MX Formal - $2.74k MX Informal: $3.29k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Puebla in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 2.72M people, being  3.39% higher than the previous quarter (2.63M employed) and 5.4% lower than the same period of the previous year (2.88M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $3.29k MX being $191 MX higher than the previous quarter ($3.1k MX) and $52 MX  lower than the same period of the previous year ($3.35k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

#permalink to section
Género

  • 40.5 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 59.5 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In fourth quarter of 2020, Puebla had 2,722,704 employed, 5.4% less than the same period of the previous year (2,878,209).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Support Workers in Agriculture (314k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (167k), and Traders in Stores (152k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

#permalink to section

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Puebla. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 54.3%, the unemployment rate was 3.07% and the rate of labor informality reached 66.5%.

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

#permalink to section

  • $39k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $108k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Puebla comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Puebla, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $9.15k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $117k MX in the same period.

2015: 0.4, GINI in Puebla

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Puebla, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Tlacuilotepec (0.35), Xochiltepec (0.35), Jalpan (0.35), Tepeyahualco de Cuauhtémoc (0.35), and Naupan (0.35). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Tecomatlán (0.49), Teteles de Avila Castillo (0.48), Caxhuacan (0.47), Chiautla (0.47), and Tehuitzingo (0.47).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

#permalink to section

Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 3.76%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 36.9%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 36.9% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (5.41% higher than to 2010) and 3.76% in extreme poverty (1.96% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 26.3% (0.72% higher than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 10.5% (0.3% lower than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Puebla in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and deprivation health services.

Access to Basic Services

#permalink to section

Population without Access to Water: 2.89%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 0.17%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 0.83%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 1.1%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 1.1% of the population in Puebla did not have access to sewage systems (17.4k people), 2.89% did not have a water supply network (45.5k people) , 0.83% did not have a bathroom (13.1k people) and 0.17% did not have electricity (2.72k people).

Quality of Life

#permalink to section

Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

#permalink to section

  • 23.9%, Housing with 4 rooms (2015)
  • 39.4%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 4 and 5 rooms, 23.9% and 22%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 39.4% and 27.8%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

#permalink to section

In 2015, 43.1% of all Puebla housings had internet access (185,716 housings), 97.3% owned at least one television (419,114 housings), 42.7% claimed to have a computer (183,876 housings) and 85.8% purchased at least one mobile phone (369,259 housings).

Of all Puebla housing, 33.8% had the 4 connectivity elements (145,415 households).

Travel Time to Work

#permalink to section

2015: 35.9, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 10.6%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Puebla, the average travel time from home to work was 35.9 minutes, 81.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 10.6% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Puebla in 2015 according to travel times.

55.7% of the population uses a bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation, while 3.78% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are bus, taxi, or similar and own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle).

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

#permalink to section

Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 39.8k, Health Sciences

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 47.2k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (47,186), Business Administration (27,756), and social sciences and law (25,556). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Health Sciences (39,754), social sciences and law (36,736), and Business Administration (36,136).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

#permalink to section

In Puebla, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Benemérita Universidad Autónoma De Puebla (142k), Instituto De Estudios Universitarios, A.C. (38.8k), and Universidad Popular Autónoma Del Estado De Puebla (26.1k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Puebla were Law degree (23.2k), Bachelor of Medicine (17.3k), and Degree in psychology (13.8k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

#permalink to section

  • 587,416, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 11,015, Literate students in 2020

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020 Puebla had 156k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 197k students enrolled at intermediate level and 235k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Puebla had 2.56k students who completed the initial literacy course, 2.74k intermediate literate students and 5.72k students who completed advanced level courses.

Health Options and Coverage

#permalink to section

  • 25.6 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 34.8 %, Population served by Social Security

In Puebla, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were IMSS (Social Security) (548k), SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (403k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (278k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were IMSS (Social Security) (601k) and Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (461k).

Public security

#permalink to section

Definition of Concepts

#permalink to section

In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

#permalink to section
info-sign

Perception of Security in your State

  • 13.1 %, Men
  • 8.13 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2019, 13.1% of men over 18 years old in Puebla perceived security in their state, while 8.13% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 15.8% in the case of men and 8.88% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

#permalink to section

* The data presented is available to Puebla's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2019, 7.74% of the population of Puebla claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 15.8% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 6.82% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 8.12% in the Judges and a 13.3% in the Federal Police, while a 22.4%, a 23.9% and a 11% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Puebla claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

#permalink to section

December 2020

  • 2,007, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (891), Domestic Violence (214), and Fraud (140), which covered a 62% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Threats (4.15k%), Failure to Comply with Obligations of Family Assistance (1k%), and Dispossession (767%).

Economic Indicators

#permalink to section

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Puebla were Retail Trade (35,919 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (11,872 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (10,703 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.