ProceduresGovernment

San Miguel Tenango

Municipality of Oaxaca

2020: 653, Population

Jan-Jun 2022: US$167M, FDI in the State of Oaxaca

About San Miguel Tenango

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In 2020, the population in San Miguel Tenango was 653 inhabitants (51.1% men and 48.9% women). Compared to 2010, the population in San Miguel Tenango decreased by -17.8%.

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$167M, FDI Jan-Jun 2022
  • US$6.37B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2022

In the period January to June 2022, FDI in Oaxaca reached the US$167M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$77.6M), equity capital (US$68.1M), and inter-company debts (US$21.1M).

From January 1999 and June 2022, Oaxaca accumulates a total of US$666B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$2.59B), reinvestment of earnings (US$1.93B), and inter-company debts (US$1.85B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Oaxaca's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Jun 2022: United States, US$61.9M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Jun-2022: Spain, US$1.94B

From January to June de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Oaxaca were United States (US$61.9M), Canada (US$57.7M), and Spain (US$43.5M).

Between January 1999 and June 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are Spain (US$1.94B), Belgium (US$1.67B), and United States (US$1.26B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Oaxaca's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The line graph shows the quarterly evolution of income from remittances.

In the second quarter of 2022, registered a remittance amount of US$2.35k.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in San Miguel Tenango were Retail Trade (26 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (6 unidades), and Other Services except Government Activities (1 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Population and Housing

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San Miguel Tenango 2020: 319, Female Population

 San Miguel Tenango 2020: 334, Male Population

The total population of San Miguel Tenango in 2020 was 653 inhabitants, with 48.9% woman, and 51.1% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 10 to 14 years (59 inhabitants), 5 to 9 years (58 inhabitants), and 25 to 29 years (50 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25.6% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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21 inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of San Miguel Tenango.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 21 inhabitants, which corresponds to 3.22% of the total population of San Miguel Tenango.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Chontal de Oaxaca (18 inhabitants), Mixe (1 inhabitants), and Chatino (1 inhabitants).

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 60.3%, 2022-Q2

Unemployment Rate: 1.66%, 2022-Q2

* The data presented is available to Oaxaca's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the second quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Oaxaca was 60.3%, which implied a decrease of 0.13 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (60.4%).

The unemployment rate was 1.66 % (25.1k people), which implied an increase of 0.083 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (1.57%).

Salaries and Workforce

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21.8% Formal - 78.2% Informal: 1.49M, Workforce 2022-Q2

$6.24k MX Formal - $2.91k MX Informal: $3.64k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q2

* The data presented is available to Oaxaca's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Oaxaca in the second quarter of 2022 was 1.49M people, being  19.7% lower than the previous quarter (1.85M employed).

The average monthly salary in the second quarter of 2022 it was of $3.64k MX being $361 MX higher than the previous quarter ($3.28k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 43.6 %, Employed women 2022-Q2
  • 56.4 %, Employed men 2022-Q2

* The data presented is available to Oaxaca's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In second quarter of 2022, Oaxaca had 1,488,577 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the second quarter of 2022 were Workers in the Corn and / or Bean (193k), Support Workers in Agriculture (124k), and Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (89.9k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 29.2%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 42.5%, Housing with 1 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 29.2% and 28.8%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 1 and 2 bedrooms, 42.5% and 42%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 49.9, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 16.7, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In San Miguel Tenango, the average travel time from home to work was 49.9 minutes, 60.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 31% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 16.7 minutes, 93.1% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 5.56% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of San Miguel Tenango according to travel times.

In 2020, 88.5% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 97.9% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in San Miguel Tenango according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of San Miguel Tenango were Primary School (231 people or 51.1% of the total), Middle School (140 people or 31% of the total), and High School or General Baccalaureate (50 people or 11.1% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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San Miguel Tenango 2020: 11.4%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for San Miguel Tenango in 2020 was 11.4%. Of the total illiterate population, 32.1% corresponded to men and 67.9% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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Health Resources

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Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

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Institution

The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 68.5 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 2.3 %, Population served by Social Security

In San Miguel Tenango, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (447), Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (156), and Pharmacy Office (25).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Pemex, Defense or Marine (467) and Not Specified (102).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of San Miguel Tenango were physical disability (24 people), visual disability (11 people), and disability to remember (8 people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in San Miguel Tenango. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 11 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 72.7% women and 27.3% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 18.2% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 75 to 79 years concentrated the 9.09% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in San Miguel Tenango.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in San Miguel Tenango. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in San Miguel Tenango.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in San Miguel Tenango to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $36.3k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $109k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Oaxaca's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Oaxaca comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Oaxaca, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $7.22k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $116k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 23%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 77%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 226 dwellings were registered. Of these, 23% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 77% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.5% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 50 a 54 años.

2020: 0.3, GINI in San Miguel Tenango

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Oaxaca, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: San José del Peñasco (0.259), San Antonio Acutla (0.265), Santiago Lachiguiri (0.267), San Bartolo Yautepec (0.268), and San Nicolás (0.275). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Santo Domingo Tonaltepec (0.567), San Simón Zahuatlán (0.558), Santiago Juxtlahuaca (0.467), Putla Villa de Guerrero (0.435), and Constancia del Rosario (0.433).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 15.3%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 70.6%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 70.6% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 15.3% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 6.43%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 5.51%.

The main social deficiencies of San Miguel Tenango in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and educational backwardness.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 28.8 %, Men
  • 19.4 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Oaxaca's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 28.8% of men over 18 years old in Oaxaca perceived security in their state, while 19.4% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the lower class socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (30.6%), while women perceived greater security in the upper middle socioeconomic stratum (37.6%).

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Oaxaca's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 13.5% of the population of Oaxaca claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 8.12% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 12% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 10.3% in the Judges and a 13.5% in the Federal Police, while a 9.17%, a 13.4% and a 15.6% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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July 2022: 1, Total complaints

 July 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during July 2022 were Stole (1), Trust Abuse (0), and Damage to Property (0), which covered a 100% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in July 2021 and July 2022, those with the highest growth were Trust Abuse (0%), Damage to Property (0%), and Dispossession (0%).