Toluca

municipality

2015: 873,536, Population

 2020: US$1.38B, International sales

2020: US$1.47B, International purchases

2018: $48k MX, Average quarterly current income

In 2015, the population in Toluca was 873,536 inhabitants (47.9% men and 52.1% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Toluca increased by 6.59%.

International sales of Toluca in 2020 were US$1.38B, -14.2% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Motors and Generators (US$337M), Valves and Similar Articles for Pipes, Vats or the Like, Including Pressure-Reducing Valves and Thermostatically Controlled Valves (US$159M), and Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$159M).

International purchases of Toluca in 2020 were US$1.47B, -18.4% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$183M), Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$104M), and Parts of Electric Motors and Generators (US$61.8M).

In 2015, 39.4% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 6.1% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 18.3%, while the vulnerable population by income was 13.8%.

In 2015, 2.46% of the population in Toluca had no access to sewage systems, 3.99% did not have a water supply network, 1.59% did not have a bathroom and 0.23% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

#permalink to section
info-sign
Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Toluca.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Toluca. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Toluca.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Toluca to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

#permalink to section

The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

#permalink to section

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Toluca, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Estado de México according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Estado de México, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are La Paz (2,097), Ecatepec de Morelos (1,303), and Tlalnepantla de Baz (1,206). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are La Paz (152), Toluca (108), and Nezahualcóyotl (68). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Ecatepec de Morelos (17,322), Nezahualcóyotl (8,829), and Tecámac (7,232).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

#permalink to section
info-sign

Motors and Generators: US$337M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$1.2B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Motors and Generators (US$337M), Valves and Similar Articles for Pipes, Vats or the Like, Including Pressure-Reducing Valves and Thermostatically Controlled Valves (US$159M), and Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$159M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were United States (US$1.2B), China (US$30.7M), and Canada (US$28.3M).

International Purchases

#permalink to section
info-sign

Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$183M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$510M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$183M), Parts for Engines of Reciprocating, Rotary Internal Combustion or Compression-Ignition (US$104M), and Parts of Electric Motors and Generators (US$61.8M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$510M), Germany (US$224M), and China (US$209M).

Net International Trade

#permalink to section
info-sign

December, 2020: US$160M, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$161M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Toluca were US$161M and a total of US$160M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Toluca it was of US$1.02M.

Monthly International Trade

#permalink to section
info-sign

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Motors and Generators (US$38.5M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$119M), Brazil (US$4.04M), and China (US$1.96M).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$15.9M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$47.7M), Germany (US$21M), and China (US$18.6M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section
info-sign

  • US$2.4B, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$56.1B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Estado de México's state.

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Estado de México reached the US$0, distributed in .

From January 1999 and December 2020, Estado de México accumulates a total of US$56.1B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in .

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

#permalink to section
info-sign

Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$1.01B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: United States, US$26.8B

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Estado de México's state.

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Estado de México were United States (US$1.01B), Spain (US$417M), and Canada (US$323M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are United States (US$26.8B), Spain (US$8.2B), and Germany (US$3.84B).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

#permalink to section
info-sign

Economically Active Population: 55.1%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 6.54%, 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Estado de México was 55.1%, which implied an increase of 2.14 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (53%) and a decrease of 4.53 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (59.6%).

The unemployment rate was 6.54 % (511k people), which implied a decrease of 0.12 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (6.66%) and an increase of 1.98 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (4.55%).

Salaries and Workforce

#permalink to section

45.3% Formal - 54.7% Informal: 7.31M, Workforce 2020-Q4

$3.11k MX Formal - $3.09k MX Informal: $3.1k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Estado de México in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 7.31M people, being  5.62% higher than the previous quarter (6.92M employed) and 6.59% lower than the same period of the previous year (7.82M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $3.1k MX being $378 MX higher than the previous quarter ($2.72k MX) and $98.6 MX  lower than the same period of the previous year ($3.19k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

#permalink to section
Género

  • 38.8 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 61.2 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In fourth quarter of 2020, Estado de México had 7,306,881 employed, 6.59% less than the same period of the previous year (7,822,624).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (499k), Traders in Stores (449k), and Domestic Workers (261k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

#permalink to section

* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Estado de México. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 44.5%, the unemployment rate was 7.9% and the rate of labor informality reached 51.2%.

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

#permalink to section

  • $48k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $129k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Estado de México comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Estado de México, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $12.5k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $141k MX in the same period.

2015: 0.43, GINI in Toluca

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Estado de México, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Huehuetoca (0.36), Coacalco de Berriozábal (0.38), Jaltenco (0.38), Cocotitlán (0.38), and Coyotepec (0.38). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Tejupilco (0.51), Luvianos (0.5), Zacualpan (0.5), Sultepec (0.49), and Amatepec (0.49).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

#permalink to section

Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 6.1%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 39.4%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 39.4% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (7.24% higher than to 2010) and 6.1% in extreme poverty (0.2% higher than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 18.3% (11.2% lower than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 13.8% (7.81% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Toluca in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and deprivation health services.

Access to Basic Services

#permalink to section

Population without Access to Water: 3.99%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 0.23%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 1.59%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 2.46%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 2.46% of the population in Toluca did not have access to sewage systems (21.4k people), 3.99% did not have a water supply network (34.9k people) , 1.59% did not have a bathroom (13.9k people) and 0.23% did not have electricity (1.99k people).

Quality of Life

#permalink to section

Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

#permalink to section

  • 27.6%, Housing with 4 rooms (2015)
  • 39.5%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 4 and 3 rooms, 27.6% and 21%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 39.5% and 27.5%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

#permalink to section

In 2015, 35.8% of all Toluca housings had internet access (78,318 housings), 96.6% owned at least one television (211,127 housings), 37.1% claimed to have a computer (81,017 housings) and 81.1% purchased at least one mobile phone (177,409 housings).

Of all Toluca housing, 28.1% had the 4 connectivity elements (61,353 households).

Travel Time to Work

#permalink to section

2015: 34.9, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 11%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Toluca, the average travel time from home to work was 34.9 minutes, 80.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 11% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

#permalink to section

The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Toluca in 2015 according to travel times.

48.1% of the population uses a bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation, while 2.76% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are bus, taxi, or similar and own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle).

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

#permalink to section

Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 18.6k, social sciences and law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 13.4k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (13,432), social sciences and law (11,804), and Business Administration (11,440). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were social sciences and law (18,616), Health Sciences (13,916), and Business Administration (12,796).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

#permalink to section

In Toluca, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Autónoma Del Estado De México (70.8k), Universidad Univer (16.7k), and Universidad Tecnológica De México (12.3k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Toluca were Law degree (12.3k), Degree in psychology (8.37k), and Degree in nursing (5.76k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

#permalink to section

  • 832,171, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 11,612, Literate students in 2020

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2020 Estado de México had 200k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 237k students enrolled at intermediate level and 395k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Estado de México had 2.25k students who completed the initial literacy course, 2.25k intermediate literate students and 7.11k students who completed advanced level courses.

Health Options and Coverage

#permalink to section

  • 34 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 29.1 %, Population served by Social Security

In Toluca, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (297k), IMSS (Social Security) (255k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (112k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (320k) and IMSS (Social Security) (274k).

Public security

#permalink to section

Definition of Concepts

#permalink to section

In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

#permalink to section
info-sign

Perception of Security in your State

  • 11.4 %, Men
  • 8.94 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2019, 11.4% of men over 18 years old in Estado de México perceived security in their state, while 8.94% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 16.7% in the case of men and 12.4% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

#permalink to section

* The data presented is available to Estado de México's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2019, 5.82% of the population of Estado de México claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 23.5% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 6.28% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 9.72% in the Judges and a 14.2% in the Federal Police, while a 32.6%, a 33.6% and a 13.6% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Estado de México claimed to feel more confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

#permalink to section

December 2020

  • 2,280, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (871), Other Crimes of the Common Law (560), and Injury (305), which covered a 76.1% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Gender-Based Violence in all its Different Modalities to Family Violence (125%), Corruption of Minors (100%), and Domestic Violence (92.3%).

Economic Indicators

#permalink to section

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Toluca were Retail Trade (22,029 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (6,865 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (5,167 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.