Tonalá

Municipality of Jalisco

2020: 569,913, Population

 2020: US$46M, International sales

  2020: US$37.7M, International purchases

Jan-Mar 2022: US$1.32B, FDI in the State of Jalisco

In 2020, the population in Tonalá was 569,913 inhabitants (49.4% men and 50.6% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Tonalá increased by 19.1%.

International sales of Tonalá in 2020 were US$46M, 38.5% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Statuettes and other Ornamental Ceramic (US$10.2M), Articles Sugar Confectionery (Including White Chocolate) (US$5.55M), and Seats whether or not Convertible into Beds, and Parts (US$4.48M).

International purchases of Tonalá in 2020 were US$37.7M, 80.3% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Meat of Swine, Fresh, Chilled or Frozen (US$16.9M), Plywood, Veneered Panels and Similar Laminated Wood (US$2.5M), and Plates, Sheets and Strip, Noncellular and not Reinforced (US$1.21M).

Net International Trade

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May, 2022

  • US$3.71M, International purchases
  • US$5.07M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In may 2022, international sales of Tonalá were US$5.07M and a total of US$3.71M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Tonalá it was of US$1.37M.

International Sales

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Statuettes and other Ornamental Ceramic: US$10.2M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$35.9M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2021 were Statuettes and other Ornamental Ceramic (US$10.2M), Articles Sugar Confectionery (Including White Chocolate) (US$5.55M), and Seats whether or not Convertible into Beds, and Parts (US$4.48M).

The main international sales destinations in 2021 were United States (US$35.9M), Panama (US$762k), and Costa Rica (US$397k).

International Purchases

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Meat of Swine, Fresh, Chilled or Frozen: US$16.9M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$11.6M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2021 were Meat of Swine, Fresh, Chilled or Frozen (US$16.9M), Plywood, Veneered Panels and Similar Laminated Wood (US$2.5M), and Plates, Sheets and Strip, Noncellular and not Reinforced (US$1.21M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2021 were United States (US$11.6M), China (US$5.2M), and Canada (US$4.74M).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in may 2022 was Statuettes and other Ornamental Ceramic (US$1.55M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$3.51M), France (US$50.9k), and United Kingdom (US$49.1k).

The main international purchase in may 2022 was Meat of Swine, Fresh, Chilled or Frozen (US$1.75M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$1.08M), China (US$839k), and Spain (US$568k).

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$1.32B, FDI Jan-Mar 2022
  • US$37.7B, FDI Jan-1999 to Mar-2022

In the period January to March 2022, FDI in Jalisco reached the US$1.32B, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$666M), equity capital (US$500M), and inter-company debts (US$153M).

From January 1999 and March 2022, Jalisco accumulates a total of US$659B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$16.3B), reinvestment of earnings (US$11.1B), and inter-company debts (US$10.3B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Jalisco's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Mar 2022: United States, US$672M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Mar-2022: United States, US$18.7B

From January to March de 2022, the main origin countries of FDI in Jalisco were United States (US$672M), Canada (US$169M), and United Kingdom (US$122M).

Between January 1999 and March 2022, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$18.7B), Spain (US$3.14B), and Germany (US$3.11B).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Jalisco's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The line graph shows the quarterly evolution of income from remittances.

In the first quarter of 2022, registered a remittance amount of US$34M.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Tonalá were Retail Trade (8,024 unidades), Manufacturing Industries (2,812 unidades), and Other Services except Government Activities (2,524 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Population and Housing

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Tonalá 2020: 288,218, Female Population

 Tonalá 2020: 281,695, Male Population

The total population of Tonalá in 2020 was 569,913 inhabitants, with 50.6% woman, and 49.4% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 5 to 9 years (54,020 inhabitants), 15 to 19 years (53,095 inhabitants), and 10 to 14 years (52,988 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 28.1% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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1.58k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Tonalá.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 1.58k inhabitants, which corresponds to 0.28% of the total population of Tonalá.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (552 inhabitants), Tarasco (264 inhabitants), and Mazahua (200 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Tonalá in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Tonalá in the last 5 years came from United States (1.5k people), Argentina (27 people), and El Salvador (26 people).

The main causes of migration to Tonalá in recent years were family (948 people), labor (215 people), and legal (142 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 61.6%, 2022-Q1

Unemployment Rate: 2.36%, 2022-Q1

* The data presented is available to Jalisco's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the first quarter of 2022, the labor participation rate in Jalisco was 61.6%, which implied a decrease of 0.55 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (62.2%).

The unemployment rate was 2.36 % (95.4k people), which implied a decrease of 0.74 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (3.1%).

Salaries and Workforce

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53.7% Formal - 46.3% Informal: 3.94M, Workforce 2022-Q1

$6.5k MX Formal - $4.64k MX Informal: $5.64k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2022-Q1

* The data presented is available to Jalisco's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Jalisco in the first quarter of 2022 was 3.94M people, being  0.49% higher than the previous quarter (3.92M employed).

The average monthly salary in the first quarter of 2022 it was of $5.64k MX being $206 MX higher than the previous quarter ($5.43k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 39.4 %, Employed women 2022-Q1
  • 60.6 %, Employed men 2022-Q1

* The data presented is available to Jalisco's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In first quarter of 2022, Jalisco had 3,943,727 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the first quarter of 2022 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (268k), Traders in Stores (210k), and Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related (118k)

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 38.1%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 49.5%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 38.1% and 25.6%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 49.5% and 24.6%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 39.3, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 19.4, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Tonalá, the average travel time from home to work was 39.3 minutes, 72.5% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 16.4% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 19.4 minutes, 95.3% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 3.82% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Tonalá according to travel times.

In 2020, 40% of the population used to walk as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 55% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Tonalá according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Tonalá were Middle School (138k people or 34.9% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (98.4k people or 24.8% of the total), and Primary School (84.9k people or 21.4% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Tonalá 2020: 2.1%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Tonalá in 2020 was 2.1%. Of the total illiterate population, 45.6% corresponded to men and 54.4% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 1.52k, Social Sciences and Law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 1.13k, Administration and business

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (1,133), Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction (992), and Social Sciences and Law (916). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Social Sciences and Law (1,522), Health Sciences (1,365), and Administration and business (1,279).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Tonalá were Laws (1.83k), General medicine (1.28k), and Business Administration (1.12k).

Health Resources

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Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 14 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 44.9 %, Population served by Social Security

In Tonalá, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (251k), Another place (130k), and SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (78.3k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (298k) and Not Specified (180k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Tonalá were physical disability (11.2k people), visual disability (10.2k people), and disability to remember (4.61k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Tonalá. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 10,240 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 55.2% women and 44.8% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 5.63% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 4.38% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Tonalá.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Tonalá. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Tonalá.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Tonalá to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

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Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $55.7k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $144k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Jalisco's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Jalisco comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Jalisco, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $15k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $159k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 32.3%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 67.7%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 150k dwellings were registered. Of these, 32.3% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 67.7% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12.7% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 35 a 39 años.

2020: 0.31, GINI in Tonalá

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Jalisco, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Villa Corona (0.306), Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos (0.313), Juanacatlán (0.314), Acatlán de Juárez (0.314), and Sayula (0.314). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Mezquitic (0.640), Bolaños (0.508), Chimaltitán (0.466), Chiquilistlán (0.464), and Villa Guerrero (0.442).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 4.33%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 32.8%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 32.8% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 4.33% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 26.9%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 11.6%.

The main social deficiencies of Tonalá in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 28.8 %, Men
  • 17.5 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Jalisco's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 28.8% of men over 18 years old in Jalisco perceived security in their state, while 17.5% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 58.2% in the case of men and 25.6% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Jalisco's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2021, 14.2% of the population of Jalisco claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 14.6% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 14.7% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 11.2% in the Judges and a 15.9% in the Federal Police, while a 14.2%, a 18.3% and a 18.1% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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April 2022: 727, Total complaints

 April 2022: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during April 2022 were Stole (278), Other Crimes of the Common Law (97), and Domestic Violence (94), which covered a 64.5% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in April 2021 and April 2022, those with the highest growth were Sexual Abuse (238%), Dispossession (125%), and Narcomenudeo (66.7%).