Zacatecas

state

2015: 1,579,209, Population

2020-S1: -0.53, Economic complexity (ECI)

 2020: US$1.32B, International sales

2020: US$331M, International purchases

2020-Q4: 704,127, Economically Active Population

  2020-Q4: 4.11 %, Unemployment rate

 2020-Q4: 62.9 %, Labor informality rate

2018: $38k MX, Average quarterly current income

Jan-Dec 2020: -US$406M, Foreign direct investment

About Zacatecas

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In 2015, the population in Zacatecas was 1,579,209 inhabitants (48.8% men and 51.2% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Zacatecas increased by 5.94%.

International sales of Zacatecas in 2020 were US$1.32B, 84.9% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Lead Minerals and their Concentrates (US$1.14B), Tomatoes Fresh or Chilled (US$42.8M), and Electrical Wires and Cables (US$39.2M).

International purchases of Zacatecas in 2020 were US$331M, -40% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$40.6M), Parts of Apparatus for Protecting Electrical Circuits, with a Voltage Exceeding 1000 V and Boards, Panels, for Electricity Control and Distribution (US$20.1M), and Other Articles of Iron or Steel (US$19.5M).

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the economically active population of Zacatecas was 704k people. The workforce reached 675k people (36.7% women and 63.3% men) with an average monthly salary of $4.37k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Support Workers in Agriculture (90.6k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (43k), and Traders in Stores (35k). Zacatecas registered 29k unemployed (unemployment rate of 4.11%).

In 2015, 45.5% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 6.08% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached 23.6%, while the vulnerable population by income was 7.69%.

In 2015, 6.42% of the population in Zacatecas had no access to sewage systems, 3.17% did not have a water supply network, 1.33% did not have a bathroom and 0.75% did not have electricity.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Zacatecas.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Zacatecas. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Zacatecas.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

COVID-19 Cases by Gender and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Zacatecas to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Go to COVID-19 Explorer

Types of Credits

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The general objective of the financial support program for family micro-businesses is to contribute to the permanence of micro-businesses, companies, people who work on their own, people who provide services, domestic workers and independent workers, in the face of the economic crisis derived from the health emergency caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, both to safeguard their economic activity and to maintain the jobs they generate.

There are 3 types of support. The first corresponds to the IMSS-Employers, credits granted with the objective of meeting the financing need of companies with employer registration in the IMSS that, as of April 15, 2020, kept the average of their workforce from the first quarter of 2020.

In second place is the IMSS-Homeworkers , credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of domestic workers and independent workers, valid in their rights as of April 30, 2020.

Finally, there are the credits of the Wellness modality, credits granted in order to meet the need for financing of micro-businesses, both in the formal and informal sectors, as well as people who work on their own account and people who provide services.

Credits Collected by Modality

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18,895, Total credits collected

Due to the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, the financial support program for family micro-businesses has been created, which has 3 types of credits.

The values under each figure indicate the total credits collected in each modality in Zacatecas, until January 31, 2021 .

Credits Collected by Municipalities

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The visualization shows the distribution of credits collected as of January 31, 2021, in Zacatecas according to municipalities. With the upper button it is possible to review this distribution for the 3 types of available credits.

In Zacatecas, the municipalities that have received the most credits from the IMSS-Employers modality are Benito Juárez (4,327), Cuauhtémoc (4,147), and Guadalupe (1,519). In the IMSS-Homeworkers modality, the municipalities with the most credits collected are Benito Juárez (398), Cuauhtémoc (371), and Guadalupe (33). Finally, in the Wellness modality, the municipalities that have collected the most credits are Fresnillo (3,871), Zacatecas (2,521), and Guadalupe (896).

* The municipalities in gray do not present data or the values have been anonymized.

International Sales

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Lead Minerals and their Concentrates: US$1.14B, Main Exported Product (2020)

South Korea: US$773M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2020 were Lead Minerals and their Concentrates (US$1.14B), Tomatoes Fresh or Chilled (US$42.8M), and Electrical Wires and Cables (US$39.2M).

The main international sales destinations in 2020 were South Korea (US$773M), United States (US$170M), and Belgium (US$108M).

International Purchases

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Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles: US$40.6M, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$135M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2020 were Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$40.6M), Parts of Apparatus for Protecting Electrical Circuits, with a Voltage Exceeding 1000 V and Boards, Panels, for Electricity Control and Distribution (US$20.1M), and Other Articles of Iron or Steel (US$19.5M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2020 were United States (US$135M), China (US$80.8M), and Japan (US$31.6M).

Net International Trade

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December, 2020: US$55.7M, International purchases

 December, 2020: US$43.9M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In december 2020, international sales of Zacatecas were US$43.9M and a total of US$55.7M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Zacatecas it was of -US$11.8M.

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in december 2020 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$11.6M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$15.6M), Brazil (US$816k), and Italy (US$744k).

The main international purchase in december 2020 was Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$4.88M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$11.8M), China (US$5.59M), and Japan (US$3.99M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Zacatecas, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2020 were Calera (US$102M), Guadalupe (US$98.3M), Fresnillo (US$25M), Morelos (US$4.87M), and Zacatecas (US$79.3k).

In Zacatecas, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2020 were Calera (US$224M), Fresnillo (US$179M), Guadalupe (US$128M), Morelos (US$6.57M), and Zacatecas (US$6.55M).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • -US$406M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$11.8B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

In the period January to December 2020, foreign direct investment in Zacatecas reached the -US$406, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$175M), equity capital (US$21.9M), and inter-company debts (-US$603M).

From January 1999 and December 2020, Zacatecas accumulates a total of US$11.8B in Foreign Direct Investment, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$5.76B), equity capital (US$5.57B), and inter-company debts (US$522M).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2020: Spain, US$64M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: Canada, US$6.59B

From January to December de 2020, the main origin countries of net Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Zacatecas were Spain (US$64M), Belgium (Confidential), and Canada (US$10.9M).

Between January 1999 and December 2020, the countries that have contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment are Canada (US$6.59B), Belgium (US$1.9B), and United States (US$993M).

* Some countries have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 59.2%, 2020-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 4.11%, 2020-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor participation rate in Zacatecas was 59.2%, which implied an increase of 0.66 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (58.5%) and an increase of 0.74 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (58.4%).

The unemployment rate was 4.11 % (29k people), which implied an increase of 0.26 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (3.85%) and an increase of 1.64 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (2.47%).

Salaries and Workforce

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37.1% Formal - 62.9% Informal: 675k, Workforce 2020-Q4

$6.62k MX Formal - $3.05k MX Informal: $4.37k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4

The population employed in Zacatecas in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 675k people, being  2.23% higher than the previous quarter (660k employed) and 0.99% higher than the same period of the previous year (669k employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2020 it was of $4.37k MX being $104 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.27k MX) and $613 MX  higher than the same period of the previous year ($3.76k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 36.7 %, Employed women 2020-Q4
  • 63.3 %, Employed men 2020-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2020, Zacatecas had 675,163 employed, 0.99% more than the same period of the previous year (668,529).

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Support Workers in Agriculture (90.6k), Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (43k), and Traders in Stores (35k)

Employment during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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* ETOE data cannot methodologically be a continuity of the ENOE series. ENOE is included for reference purposes only.

The data presented is intended to offer information to monitor the situation of occupation and employment in the contingency period of COVID-19 in Zacatecas. Along these lines, in June 2020 the labor participation rate reached a 61%, the unemployment rate was 5.93% and the rate of labor informality reached 35.6%.

Economic Complexity

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Definition of Concepts

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Advances in the study of complex systems have inspired methods to explain differences in diversification, inequality, and economic growth at multiple geographic levels. These methods, grouped under the rubric of , are useful tools for analyzing industrial policy, economic geography, international development and innovation.

The economic complexity analysis allows visualizing the development opportunities that exist in a geographic area from dynamic relationships between industries and products. A measure of this complexity is Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

The Economic Complexity Index is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each of them. This index has been used to predict important macroeconomic outcomes, such as income level, economic growth, social inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Complexity by State

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The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) is a measure of the existing capacities in an economy, inferred from the connection between the localities and the activities carried out in each one of them. A higher level of complexity is related to the development of specific industries with a high level of required capacities, which has been related to a higher level of income, greater economic growth and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The visualization shows the economic complexity of the states of Mexico in 2020. To modify the parameters used in the calculation of the Economic Complexity Index (ECI), visit the ECI explorer.

Go to ECI Explorer

Average Quarterly Total Current Income per Household

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  • $38k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2018
  • $110k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2018

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Zacatecas comparing 2016 and 2018.

In Zacatecas, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $8.19k MX in 2018, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $118k MX in the same period.

Pánuco: 0.35, Municipality with less inequality

Jiménez del Teul: 0.45, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2018, in Zacatecas, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Pánuco (0.35), Genaro Codina (0.35), Melchor Ocampo (0.37), Villa de Cos (0.38), and General Pánfilo Natera (0.38). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Jiménez del Teul (0.45), General Francisco R. Murguía (0.44), Valparaíso (0.44), Nochistlán de Mejía (0.44), and Benito Juárez (0.43).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators 2010-2015

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2015

  • 6.08%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 45.5%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation in 2010 and 2015.

In 2015, 45.5% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty (3.95% lower than to 2010) and 6.08% in extreme poverty (4.77% lower than to 2010). The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 23.6% (5.24% higher than to 2010), while the vulnerable population due to income was 7.69% (0.82% higher than to 2010).

The main social deficiencies of Zacatecas in 2015 were deprivation social security, deprivation food access and educational backwardness.

Access to Basic Services

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Population without Access to Water: 3.17%, (2015)

Population without Electricity: 0.75%, (2015)

Population without Bathroom: 1.33%, (2015)

Population without Sewerage: 6.42%, (2015)

The visualization shows the percentage evolution of the population without access to basic services between 2000 and 2015.

In 2015, 6.42% of the population in Zacatecas did not have access to sewage systems (101k people), 3.17% did not have a water supply network (50.1k people) , 1.33% did not have a bathroom (20.9k people) and 0.75% did not have electricity (11.8k people).

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 28.4%, Housing with 4 rooms (2015)
  • 40%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2015)

In 2015, most housing had 4 and 3 rooms, 28.4% and 26.4%, respectively.

In the same period, the housing with 2 and 1 bedrooms, 40% and 27.9%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

Connectivity in the Housing

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In 2015, 24% of all Zacatecas housings had internet access (100,586 housings), 95.8% owned at least one television (401,154 housings), 26.9% claimed to have a computer (112,656 housings) and 70.7% purchased at least one mobile phone (296,214 housings).

Of all Zacatecas housing, 18.2% had the 4 connectivity elements (76,245 households).

Travel Time to Work

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2015: 24, Average travel time in minutes

 2015: 5.88%, Population that takes more than 1 hour to move

In Zacatecas, the average travel time from home to work was 24 minutes, 85% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 5.88% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2015 compared to travel times at the national level.

Means of Transportation to Work

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work used by the population of Zacatecas in 2015 according to travel times.

35.6% of the population uses a own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation, while 8.5% of the population uses labor transportation.

The most used means of transport are own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) and walking.

The population that takes up to 15 minutes to get to work prefers walking, while people who take more than 2 hours to commute use bus, taxi, or similar.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 93.5k, Business Administration

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2020): 69.2k, Business Administration

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (69,242), social sciences and law (60,292), and Engineering, manufacturing and construction (45,138). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Business Administration (93,534), social sciences and law (79,628), and Health Sciences (36,202).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Institution and Careers

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In Zacatecas, the institutions that concentrated the highest number of students in 2020 were Universidad Abierta Y A Distancia De México (164k), Universidad Autónoma De Zacatecas (54.9k), and Centro De Estudios Superiores En Ciencias Jurídicas Y Criminológicas (54.6k).

The same year, the most demanded careers in Zacatecas were Law degree (65.5k), Degree in management and administration of small and medium enterprises (18.1k), and Degree in Applied Nutrition (17.9k).

Literacy Studies for Adults

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  • 204,113, Students enrolled in 2020
  • 3,320, Literate students in 2020

In 2020 Zacatecas had 31.8k students enrolled in entry-level literacy courses, 63.6k students enrolled at intermediate level and 109k students enrolled at the advanced level.

In the same year, Zacatecas had 413 students who completed the initial literacy course, 901 intermediate literate students and 2.01k students who completed advanced level courses.

Adult Education

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The National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) is an educational institution that serves people over 15 years of age who did not have the opportunity to learn to read or write.

In Zacatecas, the fourth quarter of 2020 INEA had 3.03k advisers and 231 active teaching technicians. In the same period it had 36 zone coordination, 219 community squares, 5.4k study areas and 12 meeting areas.

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2020, the number of advisers decreased -5.25% (3.2k in 2019) and the number of active teaching technicians increased 0.87% (229 in 2019). The area coordinates more than 9.09% (33 in 2019), community squares changed 0% (219 in 2019), the study areas less than -4.49% (5.66k in 2019) and meeting areas less than -20% (15 in 2019).

Health Options and Coverage

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  • 50.6 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 25.4 %, Population served by Social Security

In Zacatecas, the most widely used health care options in 2015 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (799k), IMSS (Social Security) (402k), and Medical Office, clinic or private hospital (159k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (868k) and IMSS (Social Security) (388k).

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 20 %, Men
  • 13.1 %, Women

In 2019, 20% of men over 18 years old in Zacatecas perceived security in their state, while 13.1% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the lower class socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (25.1%), while women perceived greater security in the lower middle socioeconomic stratum (13.9%).

Trust in Authorities

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In 2019, 16.6% of the population of Zacatecas claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 10.9% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 18.5% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 20.8% in the Judges and a 23.2% in the Federal Police, while a 12%, a 11.1% and a 7.15% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

When comparing by gender and the much trust option, women from Zacatecas claimed to feel less confidence in the State Police against men; less trust in the Federal Police, less trust in Judges and less trust in the Public Ministry and the State Prosecutors.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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December 2020

  • 1,772, Total complaints
  • Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during December 2020 were Stole (423), Domestic Violence (243), and Injury (222), which covered a 50.1% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in December 2019 and December 2020, those with the highest growth were Other Crimes against Sexual Freedom and Security (700%), Simple Violation (100%), and Homicide (69.8%).

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Zacatecas were Retail Trade (26,232 unidades), Other Services except Government Activities (8,598 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation and Food Preparation and Drinks (7,587 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing Industries ($14.3B MX companies), Mining ($7.53B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($6.4B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing Industries ($30.8B MX companies), Mining ($14.7B MX companies), and To the Wholesale Trade ($4.42B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 18.6%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 58%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Health and Social Assistance Services(63.3%), Manufacturing Industries(35.9%), and Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, Water and Gas Pipeline to the Consumer(35%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Financial and Insurance Services (90.7%), Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Exploitation, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (84.6%), and Leisure and Cultural Services, Sports, and other Recreational Services (83.3%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 49.1% of the large economic in Zacatecas separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (85.1%), plastic (68.6%), and metal (49.3%).