Construction

Sector (23)

 2020-Q4: $1.57T MX, Gross Domestic Product

DENUE-2020: 52,463, Economic units

Jan-Dec 2020: US$459M, Foreign Direct Investment

2020-Q4 : $5.71k MX, Average Monthly Salary

2020-Q4 : 3.92M, Workforce

2020-Q4 : 2.86%, Female Workforce

2020-Q4: 39.5, Average Age

In the fourth quarter of 2020 the gross domestic product was $1.57T MX, 10.2% more than the previous quarter.

In 2019, Construction registered 52,463 economic units. The states with the highest number of economic units were Ciudad de México (1,864), Jalisco (1,517), and Estado de México (1,226). In the same period, the states with the highest added value were Ciudad de México ($43.8B MX), Nuevo León ($18.1B MX), and Jalisco ($14.2B MX).

In Construction the states with the highest production were Ciudad de México ($118B MX), Nuevo León ($51.7B MX), and Jalisco ($43.4B MX). In the same period, an income were registered distributed mainly in Ciudad de México ($121B MX), Nuevo León ($52.5B MX), and Jalisco ($44B MX).

In 2019, in Construction the states with the highest level of investment in the same period were Coahuila de Zaragoza ($391M MX), Querétaro ($184M MX), and Ciudad de México ($165M MX).

Economic activities are related if they require similar knowledge or inputs. In 2014 in Construction the states with the highest affinity were Baja California Sur (0.91), Chihuahua (0.85), San Luis Potosí (0.85), Sinaloa (0.84), and Durango (0.83).

During the fourth quarter of 2020 in Construction the workforce was 3.92M, 97.1% men and 2.86% women. In addition, the average monthly salary informed was $5.68k MX for men and $6.66k MX for women.

During the same period, occupations with the highest number of workers in Construction were Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related, Support Workers in Construction, and Daubers and the states with the largest workforce were Estado de México, Jalisco, and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave.

The average age of workers in Construction in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 36.5 years in women and 39.6 years in men. In the same period, the average years of schooling in Construction, was 12.7 years in women and 8.5 years in men.

Salaries and Workforce

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Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4: $5.71k MX

Working population 2020-Q4: 3.92M

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the workforce in Construction it was of 3.92M, 97.1% men with a reported average monthly salary of $5.68k MX and 2.86% women with a salary of $6.66k MX.

Of the total employed population, 15.5% of the total workforce were formal workers with an average monthly salary of $7.44k MX, while he 84.5% corresponds to informal workers with an average salary of $5.39k MX.

Salaries and Workforce by Occupations and States

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In the fourth quarter of 2020 the occupations with the highest number of workers were Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related, Support Workers in Construction, and Daubers.

At the state level, the workforce of Construction was concentrated on Estado de México, Jalisco, and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave.

Gross Domestic Product

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Gross domestic product 2020-Q4: $1.57T MX

Gross Domestic Product 2020: $5.83T MX

In the fourth quarter of 2020, Construction recorded a gross domestic product of $1.57T MX, evidencing an increase of 10.2% compared to the previous quarter and a drop of 6.16% compared to the same period of the previous year.

* Current values, at current prices, base year 2013. Excludes taxes on products.

Production Indicators by State

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In 2019, the states with the highest number of economic units were Ciudad de México (1,864), Jalisco (1,517), and Estado de México (1,226) in Construction, in addition the states with the highest total gross production were Ciudad de México ($118B MX), Nuevo León ($51.7B MX), and Jalisco ($43.4B MX).

In the same period, the states with the highest income were Ciudad de México ($121B MX), Nuevo León ($52.5B MX), and Jalisco ($44B MX) and the states with the highest investment were Coahuila de Zaragoza ($391M MX), Querétaro ($184M MX), and Ciudad de México ($165M MX). Lastly, in Construction the states with the highest census gross value added were Ciudad de México ($43.8B MX), Nuevo León ($18.1B MX), and Jalisco ($14.2B MX).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Production Indicators by Municipality

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In 2019, Construction had a total of 19,501 economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of economic units were Guadalajara (659), Monterrey (630), and Mérida (553). Also $527B MX in total income were registered and the municipalities with the highest income were Miguel Hidalgo ($37.9B MX), Monterrey ($32.8B MX), and Guadalajara ($27.5B MX).

In the same period, Construction had $351B MX in total expenditure and the municipalities with the highest expenditure were Miguel Hidalgo ($23.1B MX), Monterrey ($22.8B MX), and Guadalajara ($18.9B MX). On the other hand, in 2019 there were 539B employees dependent on economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of employees were Guadalajara (29k), Monterrey (23.3k), and Mérida (20.7k).

* Any inconsistency between the data at the state and municipal level is due to the anonymization methodologies applied to the data, also municipalities not shown in the visualization have been anonymized.

The visualization shows the number of companies according to the number of employees.

In 2020, 29,148 companies with 0-10 employees were registered, evidencing a drop of 7.84% (31,627) compared to the previous year. In the same period, 18,196 companies with 11-50 employees, evidencing an increase of 9.54% (16,611) compared to the previous year.

In 2020, 2577 companies with 51-100 employees were registered, evidencing a drop of 15.3% (3,043) compared to the previous year. In the same period, 2,542 companies with more than 101 employees were registered, evidencing a drop of 11.7% (2,879) compared to the previous year.

Source National Statistical Directory of Economic Units (DENUE)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$459M, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$22.4B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

In the period January to December 2020, Foreign Direct Investment from Construction was US$459M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$508M), inter-company debts (US$215M), and equity Capital (-US$264M).

Since January 1999 to December 2020, the accumulated amount of Foreign Direct Investment in Construction was US$22.4B, distributed in equity Capital (US$11.7B), reinvestment of earnings (US$7.25B), and inter-company debts (US$3.5B).

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

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Period Jan-Dec 2020: US$213M, Mexico City is the main receiving state

Period Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: US$6.76B, Estado de México is the main receiving state

From January to December 2020, the states that received the highest Foreign Direct Investment for Construction were Mexico City (US$213M), Nuevo León (US$117M), and Estado de México (US$63M).

Historically (from January 1999 to December2020) the states that have received the highest Foreign Direct Investment are Estado de México (US$6.76B), Mexico City (US$4.7B), and Nuevo León (US$1.74B).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Origin

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Main investing country between Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$245M

Main investing country between Jan-1999 and Dec-2020: Spain, US$7.99B

During January to December de 2020, the main countries of origin of Foreign Direct investment for Construction were United States (US$245M), Australia (Confidential), and Denmark (Confidential).

Historically (from January 1999 to December de 2020) the countries that contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment were United States (US$245M), Australia (Confidential), and Denmark (Confidential).

Diversification Frontier

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The Affinity-Complexity visualization compares the risk and strategic value of a potential industry's opportunities in a territory. Affinity  is a predictor of the probability that a state increases its market size in an industry. Complexity  is associated with higher levels of income, potential for economic growth, lower levels of inequality and lower emissions.

Specialization and Opportunity

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In 2020, the states with the highest degree of specialization in Construction were Baja California Sur (2.59), Colima (2.32), and Sonora (2.08). The degree of specialization is measured using the RCA index, which represents the ratio between the observed and expected establishments of each state for each industry.

In 2020, the states with the highest degree of development opportunity in Construction according to Relatedness were Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (0.38), Oaxaca (0.28), and Guanajuato (0.28). The Relatedness measures the distance between an industry and the current industrial composition in each state. The presented entities register a level of specialization lower than one unit (RCA <1).

Workforce by Schooling Years, Age Range and Gender

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Average Age 2020-Q4: 39.5

Average Years of Schooling 2020-Q4: 8.62

The visualization shows the workforce of Construction by age group and years of schooling, comparing men and women.

In fourth quarter of 2020 in Construction, women averaged 36.5 years and 39.6 years for men.

During the same period, the average number of years of schooling in women was 12.7 years and in men 8.5 years.

* The visualization omits the range of schooling "Not Specified".

Staff According to Age of the Companies

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of employed staff according to age range or educational level in economic units of different ages.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic units of the Construction sector had 676,301 people employed, by age range 35,047 people up to 20 years old were registered, 222,874 people from 21 to 30 years old, 261,766 people from 31 to 40 years old and 156,614 people over 40 years old.

By educational level 41,016 people without education were registered, 325,149 people with basic education, 174,645 people with upper secondary education and 135,491 people with higher education.

Access to Financing

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the distribution of economic units according to size that had access to financing was 16.1% units with up to 10 people, 36.4% units with 11 to 50 people, 50.5% units with 51 to 250 people, and 56.8% units with 251 and more people.

According to the age of the economic units, the distribution of those that obtained financing was 13.9% of the recently created (up to 2 years) units, 20.1% of the youth (3 to 5 years) units, 28.1% of the adults (6 to 10 years) units, and 34.6% of the seniors (over 10 years) units.

The states with the highest percentage of economic units that received financing were Durango (39%), Campeche (37%), Colima (36.5%), Sonora (36.2%), and Querétaro (35.2%).

Sources and Uses of Financing

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The visualization shows the percentage of economic units according to size or age according to the sources of financing or the uses they gave to the financing received.

In the chart, each level corresponds to a size or age of the company depending on the option selected in the upper button. The darker the box, the higher the percentage of economic units that are in that category.

Information Technologies

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Internet Usage by State

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the economic units in the Construction sector that had internet services.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of economic units that had internet services were Oaxaca (90.4%), Aguascalientes (90.2%), Campeche (89.5%), Baja California Sur (89.3%), and Yucatán (89.3%).

Availability of Internet Service and Computing

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The visualization shows the distribution of companies that had internet services or computer services according to the size or age of the economic units, depending on the options selected in the upper buttons.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the Construction sector had 80.4% of economic units that had internet services and 81.9% of economic units that had computer services. The disaggregation by size or age of the units can be analyzed in the visualization.

Internet Use in Companies

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The visualization shows where the economic units are concentrated depending on the use they make of the internet, according to the size or age of the company.

According to the size of the company, the economic units of 51 to 250 people that use the internet in banking and financial operations (97.1%) stand out in percentage terms.

According to the age of the company, seniors (over 10 years) economic units that use the internet for banking and financial operations (91.4%) stand out.

Business Management

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Internet Purchases and Sales

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The visualization shows the distribution of purchases and sales over the Internet and the distribution of monetary transactions according to the medium used in the transaction and the size of the companies.

According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, internet sales reached $110B MX and purchases were $91.8B MX. On the other hand, sales made in monetary transactions were $533B MX and purchases reached $346B MX.

Environmental Standard

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The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector that had activities in 2018, according to compliance with the environmental standard.

In 2018, 4.66% of the large economic units complied with the environmental standard, 36.3% did not know if they complied with any environmental standard, and 59% did not comply with the environmental standard.

Staff Engaged in Environmental Protection Activities

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of economic units in the private and parastatal sectors of Construction that had staff in environmental protection activities by state.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units that had staff in environmental protection activities were Ciudad de México (9.79%), Querétaro (9.6%), Tabasco (9.57%), Campeche (8.81%), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (8.44%).

Environmental Protection Processes

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According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, 40.5% of the large economic units in the Construction sector separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (76.4%), metal (67.6%), and wood (63.5%).

On the other hand, 2.22% of the large economic units applied some treatment to the wastewater generated in their activity. The main uses of the treated water were gardening and cleaning (0.9%), discharge to the public network (0.66%), and same production process (0.51%).

Expenditure and Investment in Environmental Protection

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 3.4% of the large economic units in the Construction sector made expenditures on environmental protection, highlighting expenditures in hazardous waste management ($1M MX), non-hazardous waste management ($906k MX), and care and maintenance of the vehicle fleet ($839k MX).

On the other hand, 1.44% of the large economic units made investment in environmental protection. The main investments were in ecosystem protection activities ($793k MX), decrease energy consumption ($442k MX), and care and maintenance of the vehicle fleet ($181k MX).

Science, Innovation and Technology

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Innovation in Large Companies in Recent Years

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The visualizations shows the percentage distribution of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Construction with innovation activities in at least one year between 2016 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units with innovation activities in 2016, 2017 or 2018 were Ciudad de México (10%), Colima (9.66%), Guanajuato (9.39%), Estado de México (8.35%), and Querétaro (8.28%).

Innovation Activities in 2018

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 5.51% of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Construction had innovation activities in 2018.

Of the total staff employed in large economic units, only 3.57% was employed in product innovation activities, 2.61% in process innovation, 1.36% in market innovation, 2.65% in organizational innovation and 1.54% in innovation for technological adaptation and documentation.

Qualified staff in Innovation Activities

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The visualization shows the distribution of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Construction that employed qualified staff in technological research and development activities in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the lowercase Construction Sector had 553 economic units that had qualified staff in technological research and development activities, 94 economic units had it for research and technological development in the field of Biotechnology and 52 economic units for research and technological development in Nanotechnology.

In the same year, 85 economic units had qualified personnel in the registration or processing of patents for brands, products or processes, and 64 economic units had this type of staff to contracts or acquisition of patents for brands, products or processes.