Construction

Sector (23)

 2021-Q2: $1.71T MX, Gross Domestic Product

DENUE May 2020: 27,305, Economic units

Jan-Jun 2021: US$295M, Foreign Direct Investment

2021-Q2 : $5.92k MX, Average Monthly Salary

2021-Q2 : 4.12M, Workforce

2021-Q2 : 3.02%, Female Workforce

2021-Q2: 39.4, Average Age

In the second quarter of 2021 the gross domestic product was $1.71T MX, 0.42% more than the previous quarter.

According DENUE 2021, Construction registered 27,305 economic units. The states with the highest number of economic units were Ciudad de México (2,401), Jalisco (1,916), and Nuevo León (1,852).

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, total gross production was $530B MX. The states with the highest total gross production were Ciudad de México ($118B MX) and Nuevo León ($51.7B MX).

For its part, total income reached $541B MX in 2019, being the states with the highest income Ciudad de México ($121B MX) and Nuevo León ($52.5B MX).

Economic activities are related if they require similar knowledge or inputs. In 2014 in Construction the states with the highest affinity were Baja California Sur (0.9), Sinaloa (0.89), Chihuahua (0.85), San Luis Potosí (0.85), and Sonora (0.83).

During the second quarter of 2021 in Construction the workforce was 4.12M people, 97% men and 3.02% women. In addition, the average monthly salary informed was $5.92k MX.

During the same period, occupations with the highest number of workers in Construction were Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related, Support Workers in Construction, and Daubers.

At the state level, the occupied population of Construction was concentrated in List Estado de México,Jalisco,Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave.

The average age of workers in Construction in the second quarter of 2021 was 39.4 years. In the same period, the average schooling of the workforce of Construction, was 8.71 years.

Salaries and Workforce

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Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q2: $5.92k MX

Working population 2021-Q2: 4.12M

In the second quarter of 2021, the workforce in Construction it was of 4.12M people, 97% men with a reported average monthly salary of $5.93k MX and 3.02% women with a salary of $5.6k MX.

Of the total employed population, 15.5% of the total workforce were formal workers with an average monthly salary of $7.96k MX, while he 84.5% corresponds to informal workers with an average salary of $5.54k MX.

Salaries and Workforce by Occupations and States

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In the second quarter of 2021 the occupations with the highest number of workers were Bricklayers, Stonemasons and Related, Support Workers in Construction, and Daubers.

At the state level, the workforce of Construction was concentrated on Estado de México, Jalisco, and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave.

Gross Domestic Product

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Gross domestic product 2021-Q2: $1.71T MX

Gross Domestic Product 2020: $1.45T MX

In the second quarter of 2021, Construction recorded a gross domestic product of $1.71T MX, evidencing an increase of 0.42% compared to the previous quarter and an increase of 48.1% compared to the same period of the previous year.

* Current values, at current prices, base year 2013. Excludes taxes on products.

Production Indicators by State

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 19,501 economic units were totaled in Construction, highlighting List Ciudad de México (1,864),Jalisco (1,517),Estado de México (1,226).

Total gross production was $530B MX. The states with the highest total gross production were Ciudad de México ($118B MX) and Nuevo León ($51.7B MX).

Total income reached $541B MX in 2019, being the states with the highest income Ciudad de México ($121B MX) and Nuevo León ($52.5B MX).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Production Indicators by Municipality

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In 2019, Construction had a total of 19,501 economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of economic units were Guadalajara (659), Monterrey (630), and Mérida (553).

Also, $527B MX in total income were registered and the municipalities with the highest income were Miguel Hidalgo ($37.9B MX), Monterrey ($32.8B MX), and Guadalajara ($27.5B MX).

Total expenditure registered in 2019 was $351B MX and the municipalities with the highest expenditure were Miguel Hidalgo ($23.1B MX), Monterrey ($22.8B MX), and Guadalajara ($18.9B MX).

In 2019 there were 539k employees dependent on economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of employees were Guadalajara (29k), Monterrey (23.3k), and Mérida (20.7k).

* Any inconsistency between the data at the state and municipal level is due to the anonymization methodologies applied to the data, also municipalities not shown in the visualization have been anonymized.

Economic Units

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The visualization shows the number of economic units in Construction according to the number of employees.

According to DENUE data published in May 2021, 15,884 companies with 0 to 10 employees were registered (151 companies more than the previous period). In the same period, 8,768 companies with 11 to 50 employees were registered (145 companies more than the previous period).

1,344 companies with 51 to 100 employees were registered in 2021 (21 companies more than the previous period). Likewise, 1,309 companies with more than 101 employees were registered (38 companies more than the previous period).

Source National Statistical Directory of Economic Units (DENUE)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$295M, FDI Jan-Jun 2021
  • US$22.7B, FDI Jan-1999 to Jun-2021

In the period January to June 2021, FDI from Construction was US$295M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$225M), equity Capital (US$163M), and inter-company debts (-US$92.5M).

Since January 1999 to June 2021, the accumulated amount of FDI in Construction was US$22.7B, distributed in equity Capital (US$11.8B), reinvestment of earnings (US$7.48B), and inter-company debts (US$3.4B).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

* Due to the confidentiality of the data, the quarterly breakdown by type of investment does not show reinvestment of earnings.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by State

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Period Jan-Jun 2021: US$134M, Mexico City is the main receiving state

Period Jan-1999 to Jun-2021: US$6.76B, Estado de México is the main receiving state

From January to June 2021, the states that received the highest FDI for Construction were Mexico City (US$134M), Baja California (US$35.4M), and Campeche (US$35.3M).

Historically (from January 1999 to June2021) the states that have received the highest FDI are Estado de México (US$6.76B), Mexico City (US$4.83B), and Nuevo León (US$1.69B).

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Origin

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Main investing country between Jan-Jun 2021: United States, US$129M

Main investing country between Jan-1999 and Jun-2021: Spain, US$8B

During January to June de 2021, the main countries of origin of FDI for Construction were United States (US$129M), United Kingdom (US$122M), and China (US$49.5M).

Historically (from January 1999 to June de 2021) the countries that contributed the most to FDI were United States (US$129M), United Kingdom (US$122M), and China (US$49.5M).

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Diversification Frontier

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The Affinity-Complexity visualization compares the risk and strategic value of a potential industry's opportunities in a territory. Affinity  is a predictor of the probability that a state increases its market size in an industry. Complexity  is associated with higher levels of income, potential for economic growth, lower levels of inequality and lower emissions.

Specialization and Opportunity

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As of May 2021, the states with the highest degree of specialization in Construction were Sonora (2.05), Nuevo León (2.01), and Aguascalientes (1.77). The degree of specialization is measured using the RCA index, which represents the ratio between the observed and expected establishments of each state for each industry.

The states with the highest degree of development opportunity in Construction according to Relatedness were Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (0.3), Oaxaca (0.28), and Guanajuato (0.27). The Relatedness measures the distance between an industry and the current industrial composition in each state. The presented entities register a level of specialization lower than one unit (RCA <1).

Workforce by Schooling Years, Age Range and Gender

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Average Age 2021-Q2: 39.4

Average Years of Schooling 2021-Q2: 8.71

The visualization shows the workforce of Construction by age group and years of schooling, comparing men and women.

In the second quarter of 2021 in Construction the average age for women was 37 years and the average schooling was 13.2 years.

The average age of men in the Construction workforce was 39.4 years, while the average schooling was 8.57 years during second quarter of 2021.

* The visualization omits the range of schooling "Not Specified".

Staff According to Age of the Companies

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of employed staff according to age range or educational level in economic units of different ages.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic units of the Construction sector had 676,301 people employed, by age range 35,047 people up to 20 years old were registered, 222,874 people from 21 to 30 years old, 261,766 people from 31 to 40 years old and 156,614 people over 40 years old.

By educational level 41,016 people without education were registered, 325,149 people with basic education, 174,645 people with upper secondary education and 135,491 people with higher education.

Staff Turnover and Permanence

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of staff turnover and permanence in companies of different sizes and ages, according to the option selected in the upper button.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, employee turnover is 25.2% in companies with up to 10 people, 33.6% in companies with 11 to 50 people, 36.5% in companies with 51 to 250 people, and 37.9% in companies with 251 and more people.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the staff distribution who received training according to age range was 47.7% of staff with up to 20 years, 46.8% of staff between 21 and 30 years, 46.7% of staff between 31 and 40 years, and 47.3% of staff with 41 years or more.

According to the level of instruction, the distribution of trained staff was 45.4% of staff without intruction, 47.6% of staff with basic education, 46.8% of staff with upper secondary education, and 46.1% of staff with higher education.

Access to Financing

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the distribution of economic units according to size that had access to financing was 16.1% units with up to 10 people, 36.4% units with 11 to 50 people, 50.5% units with 51 to 250 people, and 56.8% units with 251 and more people.

According to the age of the economic units, the distribution of those that obtained financing was 13.9% of the recently created (up to 2 years) units, 20.1% of the youth (3 to 5 years) units, 28.1% of the adults (6 to 10 years) units, and 34.6% of the seniors (over 10 years) units.

The states with the highest percentage of economic units that received financing were Durango (39%), Campeche (37%), Colima (36.5%), Sonora (36.2%), and Querétaro (35.2%).

Sources and Uses of Financing

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The visualization shows the percentage of economic units according to size or age according to the sources of financing or the uses they gave to the financing received.

In the chart, each level corresponds to a size or age of the company depending on the option selected in the upper button. The darker the box, the higher the percentage of economic units that are in that category.

Information Technologies

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Internet Usage by State

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the economic units in the Construction sector that had internet services.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of economic units that had internet services were Oaxaca (90.4%), Aguascalientes (90.2%), Campeche (89.5%), Baja California Sur (89.3%), and Yucatán (89.3%).

Availability of Internet Service and Computing

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The visualization shows the distribution of companies that had internet services or computer services according to the size or age of the economic units, depending on the options selected in the upper buttons.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the Construction sector had 80.4% of economic units that had internet services and 81.9% of economic units that had computer services. The disaggregation by size or age of the units can be analyzed in the visualization.

Internet Use in Companies

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The visualization shows where the economic units are concentrated depending on the use they make of the internet, according to the size or age of the company.

According to the size of the company, the economic units of 51 to 250 people that use the internet in banking and financial operations (97.1%) stand out in percentage terms.

According to the age of the company, seniors (over 10 years) economic units that use the internet for banking and financial operations (91.4%) stand out.

Business Management

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Internet Purchases and Sales

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The visualization shows the distribution of purchases and sales over the Internet and the distribution of monetary transactions according to the medium used in the transaction and the size of the companies.

According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, internet sales reached $110B MX and purchases were $91.8B MX. On the other hand, sales made in monetary transactions were $533B MX and purchases reached $346B MX.

Problems faced by economic units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units of Construction with up to 10 workers are high taxes (15.5%), public insecurity (13.9%), high costs of raw materials (13.4%), and low demand for goods or services (12.4%).

Accounting System

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the distribution of economic units that had an accounting system  was 76.2% units with up to 10 people, 95.3% units with 11 to 50 people, 97.8% units with 51 to 250 people, and 97.8% units with 251 and more people.

The states with the highest percentage of economic units that had an accounting system were Baja California Sur (94.2%), Zacatecas (93.3%), Yucatán (93.3%), Nayarit (93.2%), and Chiapas (93.2%).

Expenditure and Income Control Mechanisms

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The chart shows the percentage of companies by size that used different mechanisms to control expenses and income in their operations.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main expenses and income control mechanisms were external accounting system (63%) in companies with up to 10 people, external accounting system (62.1%) in companies with 11 to 50 people, internally developed accounting system (49%) in companies with 51 to 250 people, and internally developed accounting system (65.3%) in companies with 251 and more people.

Monetary Transactions

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the economic units in the Construction sector according to the amount of income from the supply of goods and services.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest income from the supply of goods and services were list Ciudad de México ($118B MX),Nuevo León ($52B MX),Jalisco ($43.6B MX),Estado de México ($24.6B MX),Chihuahua ($24.4B MX).

With the upper selector it is possible to see the distribution of expenses for consumption of goods and services, in addition to the amounts of purchases or sales over the internet.

Environmental Standard

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The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector that had activities in 2018, according to compliance with the environmental standard.

In 2018, 4.66% of the large economic units complied with the environmental standard, 36.3% did not know if they complied with any environmental standard, and 59% did not comply with the environmental standard.

Staff Engaged in Environmental Protection Activities

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of economic units in the private and parastatal sectors of Construction that had staff in environmental protection activities by state.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units that had staff in environmental protection activities were Ciudad de México (9.79%), Querétaro (9.6%), Tabasco (9.57%), Campeche (8.81%), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (8.44%).

Environmental Protection Processes

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According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, 40.5% of the large economic units in the Construction sector separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (76.4%), metal (67.6%), and wood (63.5%).

On the other hand, 2.22% of the large economic units applied some treatment to the wastewater generated in their activity. The main uses of the treated water were gardening and cleaning (0.9%), discharge to the public network (0.66%), and same production process (0.51%).

Expenditure and Investment in Environmental Protection

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 3.4% of the large economic units in the Construction sector made expenditures on environmental protection, highlighting expenditures in hazardous waste management ($1M MX), non-hazardous waste management ($906k MX), and care and maintenance of the vehicle fleet ($839k MX).

On the other hand, 1.44% of the large economic units made investment in environmental protection. The main investments were in ecosystem protection activities ($793k MX), decrease energy consumption ($442k MX), and care and maintenance of the vehicle fleet ($181k MX).

Science, Innovation and Technology

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Innovation in Large Companies in Recent Years

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The visualizations shows the percentage distribution of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Construction with innovation activities in at least one year between 2016 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units with innovation activities in 2016, 2017 or 2018 were Ciudad de México (10%), Colima (9.66%), Guanajuato (9.39%), Estado de México (8.35%), and Querétaro (8.28%).

Innovation Activities in 2018

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 5.51% of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Construction had innovation activities in 2018.

Of the total staff employed in large economic units, 3.57% was employed in product innovation activities, 2.61% in process innovation, 1.36% in market innovation, 2.65% in organizational innovation, and 1.54% in innovation for technological adaptation and documentation.

Qualified staff in Innovation Activities

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The visualization shows the distribution of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Construction that employed qualified staff in technological research and development activities in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the lowercase Construction Sector had 553 economic units that had qualified staff in technological research and development activities, 94 economic units had it for research and technological development in the field of Biotechnology and 52 economic units for research and technological development in Nanotechnology.

In the same year, 85 economic units had qualified personnel in the registration or processing of patents for brands, products or processes, and 64 economic units had this type of staff to contracts or acquisition of patents for brands, products or processes.