Manufacturing

Sector (31-33)

 2020-Q4: $4.35T MX, Gross Domestic Product

DENUE-2020: 1,212,428, Economic units

Jan-Dec 2020: US$11.8B, Foreign Direct Investment

2020-Q4 : $5k MX, Average Monthly Salary

2020-Q4 : 8.71M, Workforce

2020-Q4 : 38.5%, Female Workforce

2020-Q4: 38, Average Age

In the fourth quarter of 2020 the gross domestic product was $4.35T MX, 1.92% more than the previous quarter.

In 2019, Manufacturing registered 1,212,428 economic units. The states with the highest number of economic units were Estado de México (61,840), Oaxaca (52,023), and Puebla (50,091). In the same period, the states with the highest added value were Estado de México ($387B MX), Nuevo León ($359B MX), and Coahuila de Zaragoza ($294B MX).

In Manufacturing the states with the highest production were Nuevo León ($1.33T MX), Estado de México ($1.18T MX), and Guanajuato ($1.05T MX). In the same period, an income were registered distributed mainly in Nuevo León ($1.35T MX), Estado de México ($1.22T MX), and Guanajuato ($1.07T MX).

In 2019, in Manufacturing the states with the highest level of investment in the same period were Nuevo León ($31.7B MX), Querétaro ($21.2B MX), and Guanajuato ($21B MX).

Economic activities are related if they require similar knowledge or inputs. In 2014 in Manufacturing the states with the highest affinity were Baja California Sur (0.8), San Luis Potosí (0.72), Zacatecas (0.72), Campeche (0.68), and Durango (0.66).

During the fourth quarter of 2020 in Manufacturing the workforce was 8.71M, 61.5% men and 38.5% women. In addition, the average monthly salary informed was $5.46k MX for men and $4.25k MX for women.

During the same period, occupations with the highest number of workers in Manufacturing were Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products, Assemblers and Assemblers of Electrical Parts and Electronic, and Support Workers in the Food Industry, Beverages and Snuff Products and the states with the largest workforce were Estado de México, Guanajuato, and Jalisco.

The average age of workers in Manufacturing in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 38.5 years in women and 37.7 years in men. In the same period, the average years of schooling in Manufacturing, was 9.77 years in women and 10.5 years in men.

Salaries and Workforce

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Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4: $5k MX

Working population 2020-Q4: 8.71M

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the workforce in Manufacturing it was of 8.71M, 61.5% men with a reported average monthly salary of $5.46k MX and 38.5% women with a salary of $4.25k MX.

Of the total employed population, 62.5% of the total workforce were formal workers with an average monthly salary of $5.95k MX, while he 37.5% corresponds to informal workers with an average salary of $3.41k MX.

Salaries and Workforce by Occupations and States

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In the fourth quarter of 2020 the occupations with the highest number of workers were Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products, Assemblers and Assemblers of Electrical Parts and Electronic, and Support Workers in the Food Industry, Beverages and Snuff Products.

At the state level, the workforce of Manufacturing was concentrated on Estado de México, Guanajuato, and Jalisco.

Gross Domestic Product

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Gross domestic product 2020-Q4: $4.35T MX

Gross Domestic Product 2020: $15.9T MX

In the fourth quarter of 2020, Manufacturing recorded a gross domestic product of $4.35T MX, evidencing an increase of 1.92% compared to the previous quarter and an increase of 5.88% compared to the same period of the previous year.

* Current values, at current prices, base year 2013. Excludes taxes on products.

Production Indicators by State

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In 2019, the states with the highest number of economic units were Estado de México (61,840), Oaxaca (52,023), and Puebla (50,091) in Manufacturing, in addition the states with the highest total gross production were Nuevo León ($1.33T MX), Estado de México ($1.18T MX), and Guanajuato ($1.05T MX).

In the same period, the states with the highest income were Nuevo León ($1.35T MX), Estado de México ($1.22T MX), and Guanajuato ($1.07T MX) and the states with the highest investment were Nuevo León ($31.7B MX), Querétaro ($21.2B MX), and Guanajuato ($21B MX). Lastly, in Manufacturing the states with the highest census gross value added were Estado de México ($387B MX), Nuevo León ($359B MX), and Coahuila de Zaragoza ($294B MX).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Production Indicators by Municipality

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In 2019, Manufacturing had a total of 579,828 economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of economic units were León (10.9k), Guadalajara (8.01k), and Iztapalapa (7.39k). Also $11.1T MX in total income were registered and the municipalities with the highest income were Toluca ($335B MX), Ramos Arizpe ($304B MX), and Saltillo ($296B MX).

In the same period, Manufacturing had $8.05T MX in total expenditure and the municipalities with the highest expenditure were Ramos Arizpe ($241B MX), Toluca ($239B MX), and Silao de la Victoria ($232B MX). On the other hand, in 2019 there were 5.33T employees dependent on economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of employees were Juárez (304k), Tijuana (251k), and León (144k).

* Any inconsistency between the data at the state and municipal level is due to the anonymization methodologies applied to the data, also municipalities not shown in the visualization have been anonymized.

The visualization shows the number of companies according to the number of employees.

In 2020, 1,135,012 companies with 0-10 employees were registered, evidencing an increase of 6.69% (1,063,886) compared to the previous year. In the same period, 52,316 companies with 11-50 employees, evidencing an increase of 7.53% (48,653) compared to the previous year.

In 2020, 8452 companies with 51-100 employees were registered, evidencing an increase of 1.28% (8,345) compared to the previous year. In the same period, 16,648 companies with more than 101 employees were registered, evidencing an increase of 4.49% (15,933) compared to the previous year.

Source National Statistical Directory of Economic Units (DENUE)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$11.8B, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$293B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

In the period January to December 2020, Foreign Direct Investment from Manufacturing was US$11.8B, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$6.16B), inter-company debts (US$2.89B), and equity Capital (US$2.77B).

Since January 1999 to December 2020, the accumulated amount of Foreign Direct Investment in Manufacturing was US$293B, distributed in equity Capital (US$115B), inter-company debts (US$90B), and reinvestment of earnings (US$88.4B).

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

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Period Jan-Dec 2020: US$2.46B, Nuevo León is the main receiving state

Period Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: US$36.2B, Nuevo León is the main receiving state

From January to December 2020, the states that received the highest Foreign Direct Investment for Manufacturing were Nuevo León (US$2.46B), Mexico City (US$1.52B), and Estado de México (US$1.18B).

Historically (from January 1999 to December2020) the states that have received the highest Foreign Direct Investment are Nuevo León (US$36.2B), Mexico City (US$35B), and Estado de México (US$30.8B).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Origin

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Main investing country between Jan-Dec 2020: United States, US$5.63B

Main investing country between Jan-1999 and Dec-2020: United States, US$147B

During January to December de 2020, the main countries of origin of Foreign Direct investment for Manufacturing were United States (US$5.63B), Germany (US$1.05B), and Japan (US$1.04B).

Historically (from January 1999 to December de 2020) the countries that contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment were United States (US$5.63B), Germany (US$1.05B), and Japan (US$1.04B).

Diversification Frontier

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The Affinity-Complexity visualization compares the risk and strategic value of a potential industry's opportunities in a territory. Affinity  is a predictor of the probability that a state increases its market size in an industry. Complexity  is associated with higher levels of income, potential for economic growth, lower levels of inequality and lower emissions.

Specialization and Opportunity

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In 2020, the states with the highest degree of specialization in Manufacturing were Oaxaca (1.94), Yucatán (1.91), and Guerrero (1.78). The degree of specialization is measured using the RCA index, which represents the ratio between the observed and expected establishments of each state for each industry.

In 2020, the states with the highest degree of development opportunity in Manufacturing according to Relatedness were Baja California Sur (0.8), San Luis Potosí (0.72), and Zacatecas (0.72). The Relatedness measures the distance between an industry and the current industrial composition in each state. The presented entities register a level of specialization lower than one unit (RCA <1).

Workforce by Schooling Years, Age Range and Gender

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Average Age 2020-Q4: 38

Average Years of Schooling 2020-Q4: 10.2

The visualization shows the workforce of Manufacturing by age group and years of schooling, comparing men and women.

In fourth quarter of 2020 in Manufacturing, women averaged 38.5 years and 37.7 years for men.

During the same period, the average number of years of schooling in women was 9.77 years and in men 10.5 years.

* The visualization omits the range of schooling "Not Specified".

Staff According to Age of the Companies

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of employed staff according to age range or educational level in economic units of different ages.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic units of the Manufacturing sector had 6,493,020 people employed, by age range 498,612 people up to 20 years old were registered, 2,286,201 people from 21 to 30 years old, 1,945,088 people from 31 to 40 years old and 1,756,169 people over 40 years old.

By educational level 161,676 people without education were registered, 3,518,059 people with basic education, 1,846,008 people with upper secondary education and 960,327 people with higher education.

Access to Financing

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the distribution of economic units according to size that had access to financing was 8.34% units with up to 10 people, 28.1% units with 11 to 50 people, 42.9% units with 51 to 250 people, and 36.3% units with 251 and more people.

According to the age of the economic units, the distribution of those that obtained financing was 12.2% of the recently created (up to 2 years) units, 10.6% of the youth (3 to 5 years) units, 9.65% of the adults (6 to 10 years) units, and 8.83% of the seniors (over 10 years) units.

The states with the highest percentage of economic units that received financing were Querétaro (16.9%), Nuevo León (15.7%), Baja California Sur (14.9%), Guanajuato (13.9%), and Chihuahua (13.5%).

Sources and Uses of Financing

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The visualization shows the percentage of economic units according to size or age according to the sources of financing or the uses they gave to the financing received.

In the chart, each level corresponds to a size or age of the company depending on the option selected in the upper button. The darker the box, the higher the percentage of economic units that are in that category.

Information Technologies

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Internet Usage by State

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the economic units in the Manufacturing sector that had internet services.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of economic units that had internet services were Nuevo León (42.8%), Baja California (38.1%), Querétaro (34.2%), Chihuahua (31.6%), and Aguascalientes (30.2%).

Availability of Internet Service and Computing

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The visualization shows the distribution of companies that had internet services or computer services according to the size or age of the economic units, depending on the options selected in the upper buttons.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the Manufacturing sector had 13.8% of economic units that had internet services and 14.9% of economic units that had computer services. The disaggregation by size or age of the units can be analyzed in the visualization.

Internet Use in Companies

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The visualization shows where the economic units are concentrated depending on the use they make of the internet, according to the size or age of the company.

According to the size of the company, the economic units of 251 and more people that use the internet in search information for goods or services (93%) stand out in percentage terms.

According to the age of the company, seniors (over 10 years) economic units that use the internet for search information for goods or services (81.8%) stand out.

Business Management

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Internet Purchases and Sales

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The visualization shows the distribution of purchases and sales over the Internet and the distribution of monetary transactions according to the medium used in the transaction and the size of the companies.

According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, internet sales reached $1.6T MX and purchases were $1.32T MX. On the other hand, sales made in monetary transactions were $11T MX and purchases reached $7.78T MX.

Environmental Standard

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The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector that had activities in 2018, according to compliance with the environmental standard.

In 2018, 29.1% of the large economic units complied with the environmental standard, 31.3% did not know if they complied with any environmental standard, and 39.6% did not comply with the environmental standard.

Staff Engaged in Environmental Protection Activities

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of economic units in the private and parastatal sectors of Manufacturing that had staff in environmental protection activities by state.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units that had staff in environmental protection activities were Tamaulipas (46.2%), Chihuahua (44.3%), Tlaxcala (42.6%), Querétaro (40.4%), and Coahuila de Zaragoza (37.5%).

Environmental Protection Processes

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According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, 69.6% of the large economic units in the Manufacturing sector separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (87.8%), plastic (72.8%), and metal (62%).

On the other hand, 13.7% of the large economic units applied some treatment to the wastewater generated in their activity. The main uses of the treated water were discharge to the public network (4.74%), gardening and cleaning (3.99%), and same production process (3.83%).

Expenditure and Investment in Environmental Protection

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 23.3% of the large economic units in the Manufacturing sector made expenditures on environmental protection, highlighting expenditures in sewage treatment ($2.01M MX), hazardous waste management ($1.48M MX), and hiring of consultants and external services ($1.36M MX).

On the other hand, 6.31% of the large economic units made investment in environmental protection. The main investments were in decrease energy consumption ($683k MX), sewage treatment ($374k MX), and decrease water consumption ($288k MX).

Science, Innovation and Technology

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Innovation in Large Companies in Recent Years

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The visualizations shows the percentage distribution of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Manufacturing with innovation activities in at least one year between 2016 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units with innovation activities in 2016, 2017 or 2018 were Baja California Sur (31.1%), Campeche (23.6%), Tlaxcala (23.4%), Querétaro (23.3%), and Colima (21.2%).

Innovation Activities in 2018

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 15.6% of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Manufacturing had innovation activities in 2018.

Of the total staff employed in large economic units, only 2.08% was employed in product innovation activities, 2.04% in process innovation, 0.51% in market innovation, 1.14% in organizational innovation and 0.74% in innovation for technological adaptation and documentation.

Qualified staff in Innovation Activities

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The visualization shows the distribution of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Manufacturing that employed qualified staff in technological research and development activities in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the lowercase Manufacturing Sector had 2,304 economic units that had qualified staff in technological research and development activities, 270 economic units had it for research and technological development in the field of Biotechnology and 157 economic units for research and technological development in Nanotechnology.

In the same year, 833 economic units had qualified personnel in the registration or processing of patents for brands, products or processes, and 381 economic units had this type of staff to contracts or acquisition of patents for brands, products or processes.