Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Sector (21)

 2020-Q4: $993B MX, Gross Domestic Product

DENUE-2020: 6,125, Economic units

Jan-Dec 2020: US$1.34B, Foreign Direct Investment

2020-Q4 : $7.42k MX, Average Monthly Salary

2020-Q4 : 121k, Workforce

2020-Q4 : 5.7%, Female Workforce

2020-Q4: 37.1, Average Age

In the fourth quarter of 2020 the gross domestic product was $993B MX, 0.13% more than the previous quarter.

In 2019, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction registered 6,125 economic units. The states with the highest number of economic units were Puebla (732), Guerrero (307), and Querétaro (205). In the same period, the states with the highest added value were Campeche ($507B MX), Tabasco ($185B MX), and Sonora ($73.4B MX).

In Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the states with the highest production were Campeche ($523B MX), Tabasco ($270B MX), and Sonora ($114B MX). In the same period, an income were registered distributed mainly in Campeche ($588B MX), Tabasco ($298B MX), and Sonora ($121B MX).

In 2019, in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the states with the highest level of investment in the same period were Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave ($35.5B MX), Campeche ($30.6B MX), and Tabasco ($22B MX).

Economic activities are related if they require similar knowledge or inputs. In 2014 in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the states with the highest affinity were Baja California Sur (0.88), Sinaloa (0.85), San Luis Potosí (0.81), Chihuahua (0.8), and Sonora (0.78).

During the fourth quarter of 2020 in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the workforce was 121k, 94.3% men and 5.7% women. In addition, the average monthly salary informed was $7.48k MX for men and $6.49k MX for women.

During the same period, occupations with the highest number of workers in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were Machine Operators and Equipment Extraction and Mining and Quarrying, Workers in the Extraction of Quarry, Clay, Sand, Stone and Gravel, and Truck Drivers, Cargo Vans and Cars and the states with the largest workforce were Chihuahua, Durango, and Sonora.

The average age of workers in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction in the fourth quarter of 2020 was 35.3 years in women and 37.3 years in men. In the same period, the average years of schooling in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction, was 13.1 years in women and 10.2 years in men.

Salaries and Workforce

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Average Monthly Salary 2020-Q4: $7.42k MX

Working population 2020-Q4: 121k

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the workforce in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction it was of 121k, 94.3% men with a reported average monthly salary of $7.48k MX and 5.7% women with a salary of $6.49k MX.

Of the total employed population, 74.1% of the total workforce were formal workers with an average monthly salary of $8.68k MX, while he 25.9% corresponds to informal workers with an average salary of $3.84k MX.

Salaries and Workforce by Occupations and States

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In the fourth quarter of 2020 the occupations with the highest number of workers were Machine Operators and Equipment Extraction and Mining and Quarrying, Workers in the Extraction of Quarry, Clay, Sand, Stone and Gravel, and Truck Drivers, Cargo Vans and Cars.

At the state level, the workforce of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction was concentrated on Chihuahua, Durango, and Sonora.

Gross Domestic Product

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Gross domestic product 2020-Q4: $993B MX

Gross Domestic Product 2020: $3.63T MX

In the fourth quarter of 2020, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction recorded a gross domestic product of $993B MX, evidencing an increase of 0.13% compared to the previous quarter and a drop of 6.97% compared to the same period of the previous year.

* Current values, at current prices, base year 2013. Excludes taxes on products.

Production Indicators by State

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In 2019, the states with the highest number of economic units were Puebla (732), Guerrero (307), and Querétaro (205) in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction, in addition the states with the highest total gross production were Campeche ($523B MX), Tabasco ($270B MX), and Sonora ($114B MX).

In the same period, the states with the highest income were Campeche ($588B MX), Tabasco ($298B MX), and Sonora ($121B MX) and the states with the highest investment were Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave ($35.5B MX), Campeche ($30.6B MX), and Tabasco ($22B MX). Lastly, in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the states with the highest census gross value added were Campeche ($507B MX), Tabasco ($185B MX), and Sonora ($73.4B MX).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Production Indicators by Municipality

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In 2019, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction had a total of 3,123 economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of economic units were Tianguismanalco (143), Copala (118), and Zapotitlán (101). Also $242B MX in total income were registered and the municipalities with the highest income were Reynosa ($38.4B MX), Poza Rica de Hidalgo ($32.8B MX), and Nacozari de García ($23.8B MX).

In the same period, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction had $133B MX in total expenditure and the municipalities with the highest expenditure were Poza Rica de Hidalgo ($27.8B MX), Centro ($9.16B MX), and Sierra Mojada ($8.59B MX). On the other hand, in 2019 there were 59.3B employees dependent on economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of employees were Centro (7.07k), Poza Rica de Hidalgo (6.77k), and Sierra Mojada (4.29k).

* Any inconsistency between the data at the state and municipal level is due to the anonymization methodologies applied to the data, also municipalities not shown in the visualization have been anonymized.

The visualization shows the number of companies according to the number of employees.

In 2020, 4,141 companies with 0-10 employees were registered, evidencing a drop of 11.2% (4,663) compared to the previous year. In the same period, 1,385 companies with 11-50 employees, evidencing an increase of 18.3% (1,171) compared to the previous year.

In 2020, 230 companies with 51-100 employees were registered, evidencing a drop of 4.17% (240) compared to the previous year. In the same period, 369 companies with more than 101 employees were registered, evidencing a drop of 9.56% (408) compared to the previous year.

Source National Statistical Directory of Economic Units (DENUE)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$1.34B, FDI Jan-Dec 2020
  • US$32.2B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2020

In the period January to December 2020, Foreign Direct Investment from Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction was US$1.34B, distributed in equity Capital (US$1.38B), reinvestment of earnings (US$519M), and inter-company debts (-US$559M).

Since January 1999 to December 2020, the accumulated amount of Foreign Direct Investment in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction was US$32.2B, distributed in equity Capital (US$13.4B), reinvestment of earnings (US$12.4B), and inter-company debts (US$6.41B).

* Some periods have been anonymized so there may be inconsistencies between the graph and the values indicated in the paragraphs.

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Period Jan-Dec 2020: US$555M, Durango is the main receiving state

Period Jan-1999 to Dec-2020: US$7.63B, Zacatecas is the main receiving state

From January to December 2020, the states that received the highest Foreign Direct Investment for Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were Durango (US$555M), Tabasco (US$310M), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (US$278M).

Historically (from January 1999 to December2020) the states that have received the highest Foreign Direct Investment are Zacatecas (US$7.63B), Chihuahua (US$4.19B), and Sonora (US$3.04B).

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Origin

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Main investing country between Jan-Dec 2020: Canada, US$873M

Main investing country between Jan-1999 and Dec-2020: Canada, US$16.8B

During January to December de 2020, the main countries of origin of Foreign Direct investment for Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were Canada (US$873M), United Kingdom (US$231M), and Malaysia (Confidential).

Historically (from January 1999 to December de 2020) the countries that contributed the most to Foreign Direct Investment were Canada (US$873M), United Kingdom (US$231M), and Malaysia (Confidential).

Diversification Frontier

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The Affinity-Complexity visualization compares the risk and strategic value of a potential industry's opportunities in a territory. Affinity  is a predictor of the probability that a state increases its market size in an industry. Complexity  is associated with higher levels of income, potential for economic growth, lower levels of inequality and lower emissions.

Specialization and Opportunity

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In 2020, the states with the highest degree of specialization in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were Guerrero (3.43) and Puebla (2.87). The degree of specialization is measured using the RCA index, which represents the ratio between the observed and expected establishments of each state for each industry.

In 2020, the states with the highest degree of development opportunity in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction according to Relatedness were Sinaloa (0.85), Tamaulipas (0.71), and Nuevo León (0.71). The Relatedness measures the distance between an industry and the current industrial composition in each state. The presented entities register a level of specialization lower than one unit (RCA <1).

Workforce by Schooling Years, Age Range and Gender

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Average Age 2020-Q4: 37.1

Average Years of Schooling 2020-Q4: 10.4

The visualization shows the workforce of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction by age group and years of schooling, comparing men and women.

In fourth quarter of 2020 in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction, women averaged 35.3 years and 37.3 years for men.

During the same period, the average number of years of schooling in women was 13.1 years and in men 10.2 years.

* The visualization omits the range of schooling "Not Specified".

Staff According to Age of the Companies

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of employed staff according to age range or educational level in economic units of different ages.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic units of the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector had 190,685 people employed, by age range 4,873 people up to 20 years old were registered, 48,587 people from 21 to 30 years old, 66,387 people from 31 to 40 years old and 70,838 people over 40 years old.

By educational level 3,960 people without education were registered, 93,364 people with basic education, 55,243 people with upper secondary education and 38,118 people with higher education.

Access to Financing

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the distribution of economic units according to size that had access to financing was 4.55% units with up to 10 people, 17.8% units with 11 to 50 people, 28.1% units with 51 to 250 people, and 31.3% units with 251 and more people.

According to the age of the economic units, the distribution of those that obtained financing was 7.69% of the recently created (up to 2 years) units, 7.66% of the youth (3 to 5 years) units, 10.5% of the adults (6 to 10 years) units, and 10.1% of the seniors (over 10 years) units.

The states with the highest percentage of economic units that received financing were Ciudad de México (31%), Aguascalientes (26.3%), Sonora (23.5%), Nuevo León (21.4%), and Colima (20.5%).

Sources and Uses of Financing

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The visualization shows the percentage of economic units according to size or age according to the sources of financing or the uses they gave to the financing received.

In the chart, each level corresponds to a size or age of the company depending on the option selected in the upper button. The darker the box, the higher the percentage of economic units that are in that category.

Information Technologies

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Internet Usage by State

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the economic units in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector that had internet services.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of economic units that had internet services were Ciudad de México (89.7%), Nuevo León (88.1%), Sonora (78.6%), Campeche (76.5%), and Tabasco (75.7%).

Availability of Internet Service and Computing

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The visualization shows the distribution of companies that had internet services or computer services according to the size or age of the economic units, depending on the options selected in the upper buttons.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector had 33.6% of economic units that had internet services and 37% of economic units that had computer services. The disaggregation by size or age of the units can be analyzed in the visualization.

Internet Use in Companies

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The visualization shows where the economic units are concentrated depending on the use they make of the internet, according to the size or age of the company.

According to the size of the company, the economic units of 251 and more people that use the internet in search information for goods or services (94.3%) stand out in percentage terms.

According to the age of the company, recently created (up to 2 years) economic units that use the internet for business management (88%) stand out.

Business Management

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Internet Purchases and Sales

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The visualization shows the distribution of purchases and sales over the Internet and the distribution of monetary transactions according to the medium used in the transaction and the size of the companies.

According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, internet sales reached $80.7B MX and purchases were $54.6B MX. On the other hand, sales made in monetary transactions were $1.23T MX and purchases reached $287B MX.

Environmental Standard

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The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector that had activities in 2018, according to compliance with the environmental standard.

In 2018, 7.65% of the large economic units complied with the environmental standard, 32.2% did not know if they complied with any environmental standard, and 60.1% did not comply with the environmental standard.

Staff Engaged in Environmental Protection Activities

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of economic units in the private and parastatal sectors of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction that had staff in environmental protection activities by state.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units that had staff in environmental protection activities were Aguascalientes (47.4%), Oaxaca (38.9%), Nuevo León (38.1%), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (35%), and Sonora (28.3%).

Environmental Protection Processes

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According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, 25.9% of the large economic units in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector separated their waste, highlighting the separation of plastic (62.7%), paper (54.7%), and metal (48.5%).

On the other hand, 5.16% of the large economic units applied some treatment to the wastewater generated in their activity. The main uses of the treated water were same production process (2.95%), gardening and cleaning (1.18%), and discharge to the public network (0.83%).

Expenditure and Investment in Environmental Protection

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 6.76% of the large economic units in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector made expenditures on environmental protection, highlighting expenditures in hiring of consultants and external services ($152k MX), decrease energy consumption ($113k MX), and reduce emissions to the atmosphere ($66.7k MX).

On the other hand, 2.98% of the large economic units made investment in environmental protection. The main investments were in hiring of consultants and external services ($605k MX), decrease energy consumption ($194k MX), and ecosystem protection activities ($45.5k MX).

Science, Innovation and Technology

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Innovation in Large Companies in Recent Years

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The visualizations shows the percentage distribution of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction with innovation activities in at least one year between 2016 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units with innovation activities in 2016, 2017 or 2018 were Ciudad de México (24.1%), Nuevo León (19%), Oaxaca (16.7%), Aguascalientes (15.8%), and Tamaulipas (11.8%).

Innovation Activities in 2018

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 3.36% of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction had innovation activities in 2018.

Of the total staff employed in large economic units, only 1.27% was employed in product innovation activities, 2.27% in process innovation, 0.26% in market innovation, 0.55% in organizational innovation and 0.5% in innovation for technological adaptation and documentation.

Qualified staff in Innovation Activities

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The visualization shows the distribution of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction that employed qualified staff in technological research and development activities in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the lowercase Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction Sector had 70 economic units that had qualified staff in technological research and development activities, 11 economic units had it for research and technological development in the field of Biotechnology and 7 economic units for research and technological development in Nanotechnology.

In the same year, 10 economic units had qualified personnel in the registration or processing of patents for brands, products or processes, and 10 economic units had this type of staff to contracts or acquisition of patents for brands, products or processes.