Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Sector (21)

 2021-Q1: $1.23T MX, Gross Domestic Product

DENUE May 2020: 3,151, Economic units

Jan-Mar 2021: US$1.65B, Foreign Direct Investment

2021-Q1 : $8.13k MX, Average Monthly Salary

2021-Q1 : 119k, Workforce

2021-Q1 : 6.9%, Female Workforce

2021-Q1: 39.4, Average Age

In the first quarter of 2021 the gross domestic product was $1.23T MX, 25.5% more than the previous quarter.

According DENUE 2021, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction registered 3,151 economic units. The states with the highest number of economic units were Puebla (549), Guerrero (279), and Sonora (200).

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, total gross production was $1.21T MX. The states with the highest total gross production were Campeche ($523B MX) and Tabasco ($270B MX).

For its part, total income reached $1.33T MX in 2019, being the states with the highest income Campeche ($588B MX) and Tabasco ($298B MX).

Economic activities are related if they require similar knowledge or inputs. In 2014 in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the states with the highest affinity were Baja California Sur (0.87), Sinaloa (0.86), Sonora (0.82), Chihuahua (0.81), and San Luis Potosí (0.8).

During the first quarter of 2021 in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the workforce was 119k people, 93.1% men and 6.9% women. In addition, the average monthly salary informed was $8.13k MX.

During the same period, occupations with the highest number of workers in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were Machine Operators and Equipment Extraction and Mining and Quarrying, Support Workers in Mining, and Workers in the Extraction of Quarry, Clay, Sand, Stone and Gravel.

At the state level, the occupied population of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction was concentrated in List Chihuahua,Durango,Sonora.

The average age of workers in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction in the first quarter of 2021 was abbreviate 39.43653391832602 years. In the same period, the average schooling of the workforce of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction, was 10.2 years.

Salaries and Workforce

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Average Monthly Salary 2021-Q1: $8.13k MX

Working population 2021-Q1: 119k

In the first quarter of 2021, the workforce in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction it was of 119k people, 93.1% men with a reported average monthly salary of $8.29k MX and 6.9% women with a salary of $5.91k MX.

Of the total employed population, 80.9% of the total workforce were formal workers with an average monthly salary of $9.03k MX, while he 19.1% corresponds to informal workers with an average salary of $4.27k MX.

Salaries and Workforce by Occupations and States

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In the first quarter of 2021 the occupations with the highest number of workers were Machine Operators and Equipment Extraction and Mining and Quarrying, Support Workers in Mining, and Workers in the Extraction of Quarry, Clay, Sand, Stone and Gravel.

At the state level, the workforce of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction was concentrated on Chihuahua, Durango, and Sonora.

Gross Domestic Product

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Gross domestic product 2021-Q1: $1.23T MX

Gross Domestic Product 2020: $3.59T MX

In the first quarter of 2021, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction recorded a gross domestic product of $1.23T MX, evidencing an increase of 25.5% compared to the previous quarter and an increase of 33.9% compared to the same period of the previous year.

* Current values, at current prices, base year 2013. Excludes taxes on products.

Production Indicators by State

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 3,123 economic units were totaled in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction, highlighting List Puebla (732),Guerrero (307),Querétaro (205).

Total gross production was $1.21T MX. The states with the highest total gross production were Campeche ($523B MX) and Tabasco ($270B MX).

Total income reached $1.33T MX in 2019, being the states with the highest income Campeche ($588B MX) and Tabasco ($298B MX).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Production Indicators by Municipality

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In 2019, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction had a total of 3,123 economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of economic units were Tianguismanalco (143), Copala (118), and Zapotitlán (101).

Also, $242B MX in total income were registered and the municipalities with the highest income were Reynosa ($38.4B MX), Poza Rica de Hidalgo ($32.8B MX), and Nacozari de García ($23.8B MX).

Total expenditure registered in 2019 was $133B MX and the municipalities with the highest expenditure were Poza Rica de Hidalgo ($27.8B MX), Centro ($9.16B MX), and Sierra Mojada ($8.59B MX).

In 2019 there were 59.3k employees dependent on economic units and the municipalities with the highest number of employees were Centro (7.07k), Poza Rica de Hidalgo (6.77k), and Sierra Mojada (4.29k).

* Any inconsistency between the data at the state and municipal level is due to the anonymization methodologies applied to the data, also municipalities not shown in the visualization have been anonymized.

Economic Units

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The visualization shows the number of economic units in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction according to the number of employees.

According to DENUE data published in May 2021, 2,081 companies with 0 to 10 employees were registered (42 companies less than the previous period). In the same period, 696 companies with 11 to 50 employees were registered (1 companies more than the previous period).

131 companies with 51 to 100 employees were registered in 2021 (equal number of companies as the previous period). Likewise, 243 companies with more than 101 employees were registered (2 companies more than the previous period).

Source National Statistical Directory of Economic Units (DENUE)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$1.65B, FDI Jan-Mar 2021
  • US$33.9B, FDI Jan-1999 to Mar-2021

In the period January to March 2021, FDI from Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction was US$1.65B, distributed in inter-company debts (US$1.2B), reinvestment of earnings (US$243M), and equity Capital (US$207M).

Since January 1999 to March 2021, the accumulated amount of FDI in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction was US$33.9B, distributed in equity Capital (US$13.7B), reinvestment of earnings (US$12.6B), and inter-company debts (US$7.61B).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

* Due to the confidentiality of the data, the quarterly breakdown by type of investment does not show reinvestment of earnings.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by State

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Period Jan-Mar 2021: US$258M, Chihuahua is the main receiving state

Period Jan-1999 to Mar-2021: US$7.82B, Zacatecas is the main receiving state

From January to March 2021, the states that received the highest FDI for Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were Chihuahua (US$258M), Mexico City (US$239M), and Durango (US$230M).

Historically (from January 1999 to March2021) the states that have received the highest FDI are Zacatecas (US$7.82B), Chihuahua (US$4.45B), and Sonora (US$3.27B).

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Origin

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Main investing country between Jan-Mar 2021: United Kingdom, US$371M

Main investing country between Jan-1999 and Mar-2021: Canada, US$17B

During January to March de 2021, the main countries of origin of FDI for Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were United Kingdom (US$371M), Canada (US$227M), and Malaysia (Confidential).

Historically (from January 1999 to March de 2021) the countries that contributed the most to FDI were United Kingdom (US$371M), Canada (US$227M), and Malaysia (Confidential).

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Diversification Frontier

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The Affinity-Complexity visualization compares the risk and strategic value of a potential industry's opportunities in a territory. Affinity  is a predictor of the probability that a state increases its market size in an industry. Complexity  is associated with higher levels of income, potential for economic growth, lower levels of inequality and lower emissions.

Specialization and Opportunity

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As of May 2021, the states with the highest degree of specialization in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction were Puebla (2.8). The degree of specialization is measured using the RCA index, which represents the ratio between the observed and expected establishments of each state for each industry.

The states with the highest degree of development opportunity in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction according to Relatedness were Quintana Roo (0.73), Nuevo León (0.72), and Tamaulipas (0.71). The Relatedness measures the distance between an industry and the current industrial composition in each state. The presented entities register a level of specialization lower than one unit (RCA <1).

Workforce by Schooling Years, Age Range and Gender

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Average Age 2021-Q1: 39.4

Average Years of Schooling 2021-Q1: 10.2

The visualization shows the workforce of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction by age group and years of schooling, comparing men and women.

In the first quarter of 2021 in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction the average age for women was abbreviate 37.637330399706634 years and the average schooling was 11.7 years.

The average age of men in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction workforce was 39.6 years, while the average schooling was 10.1 years during first quarter of 2021.

* The visualization omits the range of schooling "Not Specified".

Staff According to Age of the Companies

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of employed staff according to age range or educational level in economic units of different ages.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic units of the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector had 190,685 people employed, by age range 4,873 people up to 20 years old were registered, 48,587 people from 21 to 30 years old, 66,387 people from 31 to 40 years old and 70,838 people over 40 years old.

By educational level 3,960 people without education were registered, 93,364 people with basic education, 55,243 people with upper secondary education and 38,118 people with higher education.

Staff Turnover and Permanence

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of staff turnover and permanence in companies of different sizes and ages, according to the option selected in the upper button.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, employee turnover is 10.6% in companies with up to 10 people, 12.9% in companies with 11 to 50 people, 20.4% in companies with 51 to 250 people, and 16.3% in companies with 251 and more people.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the staff distribution who received training according to age range was 59.4% of staff with up to 20 years, 53.6% of staff between 21 and 30 years, 54.8% of staff between 31 and 40 years, and 66.1% of staff with 41 years or more.

According to the level of instruction, the distribution of trained staff was 38.1% of staff without intruction, 60% of staff with basic education, 60.4% of staff with upper secondary education, and 55.8% of staff with higher education.

Access to Financing

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the distribution of economic units according to size that had access to financing was 4.55% units with up to 10 people, 17.8% units with 11 to 50 people, 28.1% units with 51 to 250 people, and 31.3% units with 251 and more people.

According to the age of the economic units, the distribution of those that obtained financing was 7.69% of the recently created (up to 2 years) units, 7.66% of the youth (3 to 5 years) units, 10.5% of the adults (6 to 10 years) units, and 10.1% of the seniors (over 10 years) units.

The states with the highest percentage of economic units that received financing were Ciudad de México (31%), Aguascalientes (26.3%), Sonora (23.5%), Nuevo León (21.4%), and Colima (20.5%).

Sources and Uses of Financing

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The visualization shows the percentage of economic units according to size or age according to the sources of financing or the uses they gave to the financing received.

In the chart, each level corresponds to a size or age of the company depending on the option selected in the upper button. The darker the box, the higher the percentage of economic units that are in that category.

Information Technologies

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Internet Usage by State

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the economic units in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector that had internet services.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of economic units that had internet services were Ciudad de México (89.7%), Nuevo León (88.1%), Sonora (78.6%), Campeche (76.5%), and Tabasco (75.7%).

Availability of Internet Service and Computing

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The visualization shows the distribution of companies that had internet services or computer services according to the size or age of the economic units, depending on the options selected in the upper buttons.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector had 33.6% of economic units that had internet services and 37% of economic units that had computer services. The disaggregation by size or age of the units can be analyzed in the visualization.

Internet Use in Companies

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The visualization shows where the economic units are concentrated depending on the use they make of the internet, according to the size or age of the company.

According to the size of the company, the economic units of 251 and more people that use the internet in search information for goods or services (94.3%) stand out in percentage terms.

According to the age of the company, recently created (up to 2 years) economic units that use the internet for business management (88%) stand out.

Business Management

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Internet Purchases and Sales

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The visualization shows the distribution of purchases and sales over the Internet and the distribution of monetary transactions according to the medium used in the transaction and the size of the companies.

According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, internet sales reached $80.7B MX and purchases were $54.6B MX. On the other hand, sales made in monetary transactions were $1.23T MX and purchases reached $287B MX.

Problems faced by economic units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction with up to 10 workers are another problems (17.8%), high taxes (13.2%), public insecurity (12.2%), and high costs of raw materials (11.7%).

Accounting System

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the distribution of economic units that had an accounting system  was 37.8% units with up to 10 people, 96% units with 11 to 50 people, 97.8% units with 51 to 250 people, and 95.2% units with 251 and more people.

The states with the highest percentage of economic units that had an accounting system were Baja California Sur (100%), Quintana Roo (100%), Nuevo León (97.6%), Baja California (97.1%), and Sinaloa (96.8%).

Expenditure and Income Control Mechanisms

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The chart shows the percentage of companies by size that used different mechanisms to control expenses and income in their operations.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main expenses and income control mechanisms were external accounting system (49.9%) in companies with up to 10 people, external accounting system (48.2%) in companies with 11 to 50 people, internally developed accounting system (58.7%) in companies with 51 to 250 people, and internally developed accounting system (69.3%) in companies with 251 and more people.

Monetary Transactions

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of the economic units in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector according to the amount of income from the supply of goods and services.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest income from the supply of goods and services were list Campeche ($529B MX),Tabasco ($270B MX),Sonora ($113B MX),Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave ($65.7B MX),Tamaulipas ($34.8B MX).

With the upper selector it is possible to see the distribution of expenses for consumption of goods and services, in addition to the amounts of purchases or sales over the internet.

Environmental Standard

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The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector that had activities in 2018, according to compliance with the environmental standard.

In 2018, 7.65% of the large economic units complied with the environmental standard, 32.2% did not know if they complied with any environmental standard, and 60.1% did not comply with the environmental standard.

Staff Engaged in Environmental Protection Activities

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The visualization shows the percentage distribution of economic units in the private and parastatal sectors of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction that had staff in environmental protection activities by state.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units that had staff in environmental protection activities were Aguascalientes (47.4%), Oaxaca (38.9%), Nuevo León (38.1%), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (35%), and Sonora (28.3%).

Environmental Protection Processes

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According to data from the 2019 Economic Census, 25.9% of the large economic units in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector separated their waste, highlighting the separation of plastic (62.7%), paper (54.7%), and metal (48.5%).

On the other hand, 5.16% of the large economic units applied some treatment to the wastewater generated in their activity. The main uses of the treated water were same production process (2.95%), gardening and cleaning (1.18%), and discharge to the public network (0.83%).

Expenditure and Investment in Environmental Protection

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 6.76% of the large economic units in the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector made expenditures on environmental protection, highlighting expenditures in hiring of consultants and external services ($152k MX), decrease energy consumption ($113k MX), and reduce emissions to the atmosphere ($66.7k MX).

On the other hand, 2.98% of the large economic units made investment in environmental protection. The main investments were in hiring of consultants and external services ($605k MX), decrease energy consumption ($194k MX), and ecosystem protection activities ($45.5k MX).

Science, Innovation and Technology

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Innovation in Large Companies in Recent Years

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The visualizations shows the percentage distribution of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction with innovation activities in at least one year between 2016 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the states with the highest percentage of large economic units with innovation activities in 2016, 2017 or 2018 were Ciudad de México (24.1%), Nuevo León (19%), Oaxaca (16.7%), Aguascalientes (15.8%), and Tamaulipas (11.8%).

Innovation Activities in 2018

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 3.36% of the large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction had innovation activities in 2018.

Of the total staff employed in large economic units, 1.27% was employed in product innovation activities, 2.27% in process innovation, 0.26% in market innovation, 0.55% in organizational innovation, and 0.5% in innovation for technological adaptation and documentation.

Qualified staff in Innovation Activities

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The visualization shows the distribution of large economic units of the private and parastatal sector of Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction that employed qualified staff in technological research and development activities in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the lowercase Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction Sector had 70 economic units that had qualified staff in technological research and development activities, 11 economic units had it for research and technological development in the field of Biotechnology and 7 economic units for research and technological development in Nanotechnology.

In the same year, 10 economic units had qualified personnel in the registration or processing of patents for brands, products or processes, and 10 economic units had this type of staff to contracts or acquisition of patents for brands, products or processes.