Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products

Occupation (7513) - 2020-Q4

  • 865k, Workforce
  • $3.64k MX, Average monthly salary
  • 44.4, Average age
  • 34.8, Weekly hours worked
  • 4.78, Weekly days worked
  • 5.86%, Workforce with second job
  • 86.3%, Informal Workforce
  • 7.98, Average years of Schooling

About Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products

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The workforce of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during fourth quarter of 2020 was 865k people, whose salary averaged $3.64k MX working around 34.8 hours per week.

The average age of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products was 44.4 years. The workforce was distributed in 29.4% men with an average salary of $4.89k MX and, 70.6% women with average salary of $3.11k MX.

The best average salaries received by Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products were in Baja California Sur ($6.67k MX), Jalisco ($5.34k MX), and Nuevo León ($5.27k MX) while the workforce was larger in Estado de México (147k), Oaxaca (66.8k), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (57.4k).

In terms of industries, the best average salaries were in Junior Colleges ($24k MX), Retail Trade of Health Care Items ($8.6k MX), and Amusement Parks and Arcades ($6.88k MX), while the workforce was concentrated on Food Industry (98.8%), Retail Trade of Groceries and Food (4.48k), and Beverage Industry and the Snuff (0.13%).

76.8% of the total informal workers correspond to women with an average salary of $2.94k MX and 23.2% to men with an average salary of $4.25k MX.

At the level of states, Oaxaca had the highest percentage of informal workers with 98.3% corresponding to 65.7k from 66.8k workers, while the state with the lowest percentage of informal workers was Colima with a 65.8% corresponding to 3.08k from 4.68k workers.

Workforce and Salaries Evolution

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  • 865k, Workforce 2020-Q4
  • $3.64k MX, Average monthly salary 2020-Q4

At fourth quarter of 2020, the people who worked as Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products were 865k being a 10.8% higher than the third quarter of 2020. (780k) and 10.8% superior than the same period of the previous year (780k).

In the same period, an average salary of $3.64k MX was observed, registering a drop of 2.55%, compared to the third quarter of 2020 ($3.73k MX) and a drop of 2.55% compared to the same period of the previous year ($3.73k MX).

Workforce by State

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Top 1 Workforce 2020-Q4: 147k, Estado de México

Greater Increase in Workforce 2019-Q4/ 2020-Q4: 55k, Estado de México

Greater Decrease in Workforce 2019-Q4 / 2020-Q4: 8.99k, San Luis Potosí

The states with the highest number of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during the fourth quarter of 2020 were Estado de México (147k), Oaxaca (66.8k), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (57.4k)

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and the fourth quarter of 2020, the main positive variations occurred in Estado de México and Nuevo León with an increase of 55k (59.4%) and 15.3k (77.7%), respectively. On the other hand, the negative variations were accentuated in San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo with a decrease of 8.99k (37.9%) and 7.94k (22.6%), respectively.

Salaries by State

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Top 1 Average Salary 2020-Q4: $6.67k MX, Baja California Sur

Greater Salary Increase 2019-Q4 / 2020-Q4: $1.61k MX, Ciudad de México

Greater Salary Decrease 2019-Q4 / 2020-Q4: $1.92k MX, Sonora

The states with the best average salaries for Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during fourth quarter of 2020 were Baja California Sur ($6.67k MX), Jalisco ($5.34k MX), and Nuevo León ($5.27k MX)

Comparing the fourth quarter of 2019 and the fourth quarter of 2020, the positive salary growth was higher in Ciudad de México and Chiapas with an increase of $1.61k MX (81.1%) and $1.59k MX (69.6%), respectively. Por otro lado, las variaciones salariales negativas se acentuaron en Sonora and Nayarit with a decrease of $1.92k MX (35.3%) and $1.89k MX (41.5%), respectively.

Average Salary and Workforce by Sex and Age

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Average Age 2020-Q4

  • 46.3, Women
  • 39.7, Men

At fourth quarter of 2020, the male workforce in Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products represented the 29.4% of the employed population and women 70.6%. The male and female workforce was higher in the age group 45 to 54 years (58k men and 140k women).

The highest average salary was $5.86k MX received by men from 55 to 64 years, while the lowest average salary was $2.57k MX received by women from 15 to 24 years.

* The data regarding salaries have low statistical precision so it should not be used as conclusions.

Average Salary and Workforce by Gender and Schooling Years

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Average Schooling in Years (2020-Q4)

  • 7.48, Women
  • 9.2, Men

During the fourth quarter of 2020, male and female workforce in Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products was concentrated in the educational segment with 7 to 9 years of schooling (108k men and 191k women).

The highest average salary was $5.75k MX received by men with 10 to 12 years of schooling, while the lowest average salary was $2.77k MX received by women with 0 to 3 years of schooling.

* The data regarding salaries have low statistical precision so it should not be used as conclusions.

Workforce and Salaries Distribution by Industries

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The visualization shows the distribution of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products in different industries and economic sectors.

At fourth quarter of 2020, the workforce was higher in Food Industry (98.8%), Retail Trade of Groceries and Food (0.72%), and Beverage Industry and the Snuff (0.13%).

In the same period, the best average salaries were received in Junior Colleges ($24k MX), Retail Trade of Health Care Items ($8.6k MX), and Amusement Parks and Arcades ($6.88k MX).

Labor Informality

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Labor Informality

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Labor Informality 2020-Q4

  • 86.3%, Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products
  • 55.6%, Average Informality in Mexico

During the fourth quarter of 2020, the labor informality of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products reached a 86.3%, which implied a decrease from 1.1 percentage points compared to the fourth quarter of 2020  (87.4%) and an increase from 1.94 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year (84.3%).

The labor informality of this occupation was higher than informality at the country level in 30.7 percentage points during the fourth quarter of 2020.

Labor Informality by State

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Greater Labor Informality: 98.3%, Oaxaca

Less Labor Informality: 65.8 %, Colima

At fourth quarter of 2020, the states with the highest rate of labor informality in Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products were Oaxaca (98.3%), Tlaxcala (97.6%), and Puebla (95.4%), while the states with the lowest informality rate were Nuevo León (69.8%), Baja California (67.3%), and Colima (65.8%).

Labor Informality by Age and Education

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Workforce

The workforce of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during the fourth quarter of 2020 was higher in the age group with 45 to 54 years concentrating 198k workers of which 15% corresponds to formal employment (29.7k) and 85% to informal employment (168k).

Regarding the schooling years, the workforce was higher in the range with 7 to 9 years of schooling concentrating 298k workers of which 17.9%  corresponds to formal employment (53.3k) and 82.1% corresponds to informal employment (245k).